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भूमक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhoomak shakon ke kshaharat vnsh ka pratham kshatrap tha. use sambhavat: kushan samrajy ke dakshin-pashchimi bhag ke shasan ka bhar saunpa gaya tha. usake jo sikke prapt hue hain, unake prakar tatha un par likhit abhilekhon se gyat hota hai ki bhoomak nahapan ka poorvagami tha. parntu donon ke bich vastavik sambandh kya tha, yah gyat nahin hai. bhoomak ke sikkon se gyat hota hai ki kshatrap ke rajy men sirf brahmi ke prachalan vale kshetr, jaise- malava, gujarat tatha saurashtr hi nahin the, balki pashchimi rajasthan tatha sindh ke bhi kshetr the, jahan kharoshthi ka prachalan tha.

mahan kshatrap

bhoomak apane samay ke mahanh kshatrapon men gina jata tha. usake bad nahapan hi 'kshaharat vnsh' ka shasak v gaddi ka vastavik uttaradhikari niyukt kiya gaya tha. bharat men shak raja apane ap ko 'kshatrap' kahate the. shak shasakon ki bharat men do shakhaen ho gee thin. ek 'uttari kshatrap' kahalate the, jo takshashila evn mathura men the aur doosare 'pashchimi kshatrap' kahalate the, jo nasik evn ujjain ke the. pashchimi kshatrap adhik prasiddh the. yoochi akramanon ke bhay se kee kshatrap ee. poo. pahali shati se eesvi ki pahali shati ke bich uttar pashchim se dakshin ki or badh ae the aur nasik ke kshatrapon tatha ujjain ke kshatrapon ki do shakhaon men bnt ge the. nasik ke kshatrapon men do prasiddh shasak bhoomak aur nahapan the. ve apane ko 'kshayarat kshatrap' kahate the. tanbe ke sikkon men bhoomak ne apane apakon kshatrap likha hai.

sikke

bhoomak ke anek sikke upalabdh hue hain, jo maharashtr aur kathiyavad se mile hain. isase anuman kiya jata hai ki maharashtr aur kathiyavad donon usake shasan men the. kshaharat kul ka sabase prasiddh shak kshatrap nahapan tha. isake sat utkirn lekh aur hazaron sikke upalabdh hue hain. sambhavatah yah bhoomak ka hi uttaradhikari tha, par isaka bhoomak ke sath kya sambandh tha, yah nishchit roop se nahin kaha ja sakata. nahapan ka rajy bahut hi vistrit tha. yah bat usake jamata ushavadat ke ek lekh se gyat hoti hai. is lekh ke kuchh ansh nimnalikhit hain-

"siddh ho. raja kshaharat kshatrap nahapan ke jamata, dinak ke putr, tin lakh gauon ka dan karane vale, barnasa (nadi) par suvarnadan karane vale, devataon aur brahmanon ko solah gram dene vale, sampoorn varsh brahmanon ko bhojan karane vale, punyatirth prabhas men brahmanon ko ath bharyaen dene vale, bharukachchh dashapur govardhan aur shorparan men chatuahshal varudh aur pratishray dene vale, aram, tadag, udapan banavane vale, iva paratapi karavena dahanuka (nadiyon par) navon aur .....dharmatma upavadat ne govardhan men trirashim parvat par yah len banavaee........"

kshatrap shakhaen

kshatrapon ki do shakhaen thin, yatha pashchimi kshatrap kul, jisaka pravartan bhoomak ne maharashtr men kiya aur ujjayini ka mahakshatrap kul, jise chashtan ('chastan' athava 'sashtan') ne prachalit kiya tha. in donon kulon ke pravartak shak akrantaon ke saradar the. pashchimi kshatrap kul ke arambh ki tithi nishchit nahin hai. kadachit usaki rajadhani nasik thi aur keval do shasakon, bhoomak aur nahapan ke hi nam gyat hain. donon men kisi ki bhi tithi nishchit nahin hai. vidvanon ne bhoomak ka kal eesa ki pratham shatabdi ka prarambhik varsh mana hai aur nahapan ka kal doosari shatabdi ka prarambhik varsh.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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