महाक्षत्रप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(क्षत्रप se punarnirdeshit)

kshatrap shabd ka prayog eeran se shuroo hua tha. kshatrap ek prakar ki upadhi thi, jo rajyon ke mukhiya ke lie prayukt ki jati thi. 'dara pratham' (deriyas ya darayabahu) ke samay men rajyapalon ke lie yah upadhi prayukt hoti thi. yahi bad men 'mahakshatrap' kahi jane lagi. bharat men kshatrap shabd aj bhi rajaniti men prayog kiya jata hai. shakon ki snyukt shasan-pranali men varishth shasak ko "mahakshatrap" ki upadhi milati thi tatha any kanishth shasak "kshatrap" kahe jate the. pashchimi kshatrapon ke mile sikkon se pata chalata hai ki mahakshatrap- upadhi sabako nahin milati thi.

kshatrap kul ka pravartan

kshatrapon ki do shakhaen thin yatha - pashchimi kshatrap kul, jisaka pravartan bhoomak ne maharashtr men kiya aur ujjayini ka mahakshatrap kul, jise chashtan (chastan athava sashtan) ne prachalit kiya tha. in donon kulon ke pravartak shak akrantaon ke saradar the. pashchimi kshatrap kul ke arambh ki tithi nishchit nahin hai. kadachit usaki rajadhani nasik thi aur keval do shasakon, bhoomak aur nahapan ke hi nam gyat hain. donon men kisi ki bhi tithi nishchit nahin hai. vidvanon ne bhoomak ka kal eesa ki pratham shatabdi ka prarambhik varsh mana hai aur nahapan ka kal doosari shatabdi ka prarambhik varsh.

nahapan

pashchimi bharat ke shak kshatrapon men nahapan sabase pratapi tha. usaka ullekh kee abhilekhon men kisi anishchit samvath ki tithiyon ke sath hua hai. kuchh vidvanon ne ukt tithiyon ki shak samvath ki tithiyon ko svikar kiya hai aur usaka rajyakal 119 ee. se 124 ee. tak thaharaya hai. usane kshatrap ke roop men shasan arambh kiya aur uparant mahakshatrap bana. nahapan ne pashchimi bharat ke ek vistrit bhoo-bhag par rajy kiya aur prabhoot dan diya. kintu satavahan shasak gautamiputr satakarni ne use parast karake pashchimi kshatrapon ke vnsh ka ant kar diya.

ujjayini ke mahakshatrap

ujjayini ke mahakshatrapon ne dirghakal tak shasan kiya. is vnsh ka pravartak 'yashobhotik' ka putr chastan athava chashtan tha. yashobhotik ke nam se hi spasht hai ki vah shak tha. usaka shasanakal lagabhag 130 ee. men arambh hua aur usake vnshaj 388 ee. tak rajy karate rahe. is vnsh ka sabase mahanh shasak chashtan ka pautr rudradama pratham (130-150 ee.) tha. usane pashchimi bharat ke ek vistrit bhoo-bhag par rajy kiya aur usaki upalabdhiyan giranar namak parvat par utkirn ek snskrit abhilekh men varnit hain. abhilekh ke anusar usane sudarshan tal ke us bandh ka punarnirman karaya, jo sarvapratham chandragupt maury ke shasanakal men nirmit hua tha. rudradama ke uparant usaka jyeshth putr damaghasad pratham shasak hua aur uparant usaka putr jivanadama tatha damaghasad ka bhaee rudrasinh sinhasanasin hue.

any shasak

rudrasinh ke uparant usake tin putr 'rudrasen pratham', 'snghadama' aur 'damasen' shasak hue aur damasen ke uparant usake tin putr 'yashodama', 'vijayasen' aur 'damajadashri' kramash: sinhasanasin hue. uparant 'rudrasen dvitiy', 'vishvamitr', 'bhartudama', 'rudradama dvitiy' aur 'rudrasen tritiy' (348-378 ee.) ne shasan kiya. rudrasen tritiy ke uttaradhikari kadachith sinhasen, rudrasen chaturth aur satyasinh the. satyasinh ka putr aur uttaradhikari rudrasinh tritiy is vnsh ka antim shasak tha. use gupt samrat chandragupt dvitiy ne parajit aur apadasth kiya. ujjayini ke mahakshatrapon ka itihas is drishti se rochak hai ki vah darshata hai ki us kal ka ek videshi shasak vnsh kitani shighrata se hi bharatiy evn hindoo dharmanuyayi ban gaya tatha usane snskrit ko apani rajabhasha svikar kar liya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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