पउम चरिउ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lagabhag chhathi se barahavin shati tak uttar bharat men sahity aur bolachal men vyavahrit prakrit ki uttaradhikarini bhashaen apabhrnsh kahalaeen. apabhrnsh ke prabndhatmak sahity ke pramukh pratinidhi kavi the- svaynbhoo dev (satyabhoodev), jinaka janm lagabhag sadhe ath sau varsh poorv barar prant men hua tha. svaynbhoo jain mat ke mananevale the. unhonne ramakatha par adharit pum chariu jaisi barah hazar padon vali kriti ki rachana ki. jain mat men raja ram ke lie 'padm' shabd ka prayog hota hai, isalie svaynbhoo ki ramayan ko 'padm charit' (pum chariu) kaha gaya. yah rachana chhah varsh tin mas gyarah din men poori huee. moolaroop se is ramayan men kul 92 sarg the, jinamen svaynbhoo ke putr tribhuvan ne apani or se 16 sarg aur jode. gosvami tulasidas ke 'ramacharit manas' par mahakavi svaynbhoo rachit 'pum chariu' ka prabhav spasht dikhalaee padata hai.[1]

samay

inhonne apana grnth 'pum chariu' (padm charitr - jain ramayan) men aisi apabhrnsh bhasha ka prayog kiya hai jisamen prachin hindi ka roop ingit hai. inaka samay vikram ki athavin shatabdi gyat hota hai. isaka karan yah hai ki inhonne apane grnth 'pum chariu' aur 'ritthinemi chariu' men apane poorvavarti kaviyon aur unaki rachanaon ka ullekh kiya hai.

svaroop

  • pum chariu' men barah hazar shlok hain. in shlokon men nabbe sndhiyan hain. in sndhiyon ka vivaran is prakar hai -
  • vidyadhar kand 20 sndhi
  • ayodhya kand 22 sndhi
  • sundar kand 14 sndhi
  • yuddh kand 21 sndhi
  • uttar kand 13 sndhi
  • kul 5 kand 90 sndhiyan

in sndhiyon men svaynbhoo dev ki 83 sndhiyan hain aur tribhuvan ki 7. antim sat sndhiyon ke bina bhi 'pum chariu' grnth poorn hai.

kavy saushthav

pum chariu' men ve vilap aur yuddh likhane men vishesh patu hain. unhonne nari vilap, bandhu vilap, dasharath vilap, ram vilap, bharat vilap, ravan vilap, vibhishan vilap adi bade sundar dhng se likhe hain. yuddh men ve yoddhaon ki umngen, ran yatra, meghavahan yuddh, hanuman yuddh, kumbhakarn yuddh, lakshman yuddh bade viratv poorn dhng spasht karate hain. prem virah git, prakriti varnan, nagar varnan aur vastu varnan bhi ve bade vistar aur svabhavik dhng se likhate hain.

ravan ki mrityu par mandodari vilap (karun ras)

aehin soariyahi, attharah hiv juvah sahasehin.
nav ghan mala dnbarehi, chhaiu vijju jem chupasehin॥
rovi lnkapur paramesir. ha ravan! tihuyan jan kesari॥
pi vinu samar turu kahon vajji. pi vinu balakil kaho chhajji॥
pi vinu navagah ekkikaranu. ko parihesi knthaharanu॥
pivinu ko vijja arahi. pi vinu chandrahasu ko sahi॥
ko gndhavv vapi adohi. kannahon chhavi sahasu snkhohi॥
pan vinu ko kuver bhnjesi. tijag vihusanu kahon vasen hosi॥
pan vinu ko jamu vinavaresee. ko kilasu ddharan karesee॥
sahas kiranu nal kubvar sakkahu. ko ari hosi sasi varunakkahu॥
ko nihan rayani palesi. ko vahuroovini vijjan lesi॥
ghatta - samiy pin bhavien vinu, puphph vimapon chadavi gurubhattien.
meru siharen jin mndirin, ko mi nesi vndan hattie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat ke kuchh ramakavy (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 20 mee, 2011.

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