अमरकोष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amarakosh pratham shati vikrami ke mahanh vidvanh amar sinh ka snskrit ke koshon men prasiddh aur lokapriy koshagrnth hai. any snskrit koshon ki bhanti amarakosh bhi chhndobaddh rachana hai. isaka karan yah hai ki bharat ke prachin pndit 'pustakastha' vidya ko kam mahatv dete the, unake lie kosh ka uchit upayog vahi vidvanh‌ kar pata hai jise vah knthasth ho. shlok shighr knthasth ho jate hain. isalie snskrit ke sabhi madhyakalin kosh pady men hain.

  • amarakosh men upanishad ke vishay men kaha gaya hai- upanishad shabd dharm ke goodh rahasyon ko janane ke lie prayukt hota hai.
  • italiy pndit pavolini ne sattar varsh pahale yah siddh kiya tha ki snskrit ke ye kosh kaviyon ke lie mahatvapoorn tatha kam men kam anevale shabdon ke sngrah hain. amarakosh aisa hi ek kosh hai.
  • amarakosh ka vastavik nam amar sinh ke anusar namalinganushasan hai, nam ka arth yahan sngya shabd hai.
  • amarakosh men sngya aur usake lingabhed ka anushasan ya shiksha hai. avyay bhi die ge hain, kintu dhatu nahin hain. dhatuon ke kosh bhinn hote the.[1]
  • halayudh ne apana kosh likhane ka prayojan kaviknthavibhooshanarthamh‌ bataya hai. dhannjay ne apane kosh ke vishay men likha hai, "'main ise kaviyon ke labh ke lie likh raha hoon'", (kavinan hitakamyaya), amar sinh is vishay par maun hain, kintu unaka uddeshy bhi yahi raha hoga.
  • amarakosh men sadharan snskrit shabdon ke sath-sath asadharan namon ki bharamar hai. arnbh hi dekhie- devataon ke namon men 'lekha' shabd ka prayog amarasinh ne kahan dekha, pata nahin. aise bhari bharakam aur namamatr ke lie prayog men ae shabd is kosh men sngrihit hain, jaiseah-
    devadryng ya vishvadryng.[2]
    kathin, durlabh aur vichitr shabd dhoondh-dhoondhakar rakhana koshakaron ka ek kartavy mana jata tha.
  • namasya (namaj ya prarthana) rigved ka shabd hai.[3] dvivachan men nasatya, aisa hi shabd hai. madhyakal ke in koshon men, us samay prakrit shabd bhi snskrit samajhakar rakh die ge hain. madhyakal ke in koshon men, us samay prakrit shabdon ke atyadhik prayog ke karan, kee prakrit shabd snskrit mane ge hain; jaise-chhurik, dhakka, gargari,[4] duli, adi.
  • bauddh-vikrit-snskrit ka prabhav bhi spasht hai jaise- buddh ka ek namaparyay arkabndhu. bauddh-vikrit-snskrit men bataya gaya hai ki arkabndhu nam bhi kosh men de diya. buddh ke 'sugat' adi any namaparyay aise hi hain. is kosh men pray: das hajar nam hain, jahan medini men keval sadhe char hajar aur halayudh men ath hajar hain. isi karan pnditon ne isaka adar kiya aur isaki lokapriyata badhati gee.[5]




panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (dr. kavyaprakash, kavyanushasan adi)
  2. 3,34
  3. 2,7,34
  4. de. pra. gaggari
  5. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 189 |

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