रमाबाई आम्बेडकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramabaee ambedakar
ramabaee ambedakar
poora nam mata ramabaee bhimarav ambedakar
any nam mata ramabaee, mata ramaee, ramataee, rami
janm 7 faravari, 1898
janm bhoomi vanad, dapoli, maharashtr
mrityu 27 mee, 1935
abhibhavak pita- bhikoo valngakar
pati/patni bhimarav ambedakar
sntan putr- 'ramesh', 'gngadhar', 'yashavnt', 'rajaratn' aur ek putri. yashavnt ko chhodakar sabhi sntan mrityu ko prapt ho gee thin.
karm bhoomi bharat
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh bhimarav ambedakar prem se ramabaee ko 'ramo' kahakar pukara karate the. unhonne jo pustak "thaauts aauf pakistan" likhi, vah unhonne apani patni 'ramo' ko bhent ki thi.
any janakari bhimarav ambedakar ko vishvavikhyat mahapurush banane men ramabaee ka hi sath tha. ramabaee ne ativ nirdhanata men bhi bade sntosh aur dhairy se ghar ka nirvah kiya aur pratyek kathinaee ke samay daau. ambedakar ka sahas badhaya.

ramabaee ambedakar (angrezi: Ramabai Ambedkar, janm- 7 faravari, 1898, maharashtr; mrityu- 27 mee, 1935) bharatiy snvidhan nirmata daau. bhimarav ambedakar ki patni thin. unhen mata ramabaee, mata ramaee aur 'ramataee' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. jab bhimarav ambedakar chaudah varsh ke the, tabhi ramabaee ka vivah unase ho gaya tha. ramabaee ek kartavyaparayan, svabhimani, gnbhir aur buddhijivi mahila thin, jinhonne arthik kathinaiyon ka samana suniyojit dhng se kiya aur ghar-grihasthi ko kushalatapoorvak chalaya. unhonne har qadam par apane pati bhimarav ambedakar ka sath diya aur unaka sahas badhaya.

parichay

ramabaee ambedakar ka janm 7 faravari, san 1898 ko maharashtr ke dapoli ke nikat vanad namak ganv men hua tha. inake pita ka nam bhikoo valngakar tha. ramabaee ke bachapan ka nam 'rami' tha. rami ke mata-pita ka dehant bachapan men hi ho gaya tha. unaki do bahanen aur ek bhaee tha. bhaee ka nam shnkar tha. bachapan men hi mata-pita ki mrityu ho jane ke karan rami aur unake bhaee-bahan apane mama aur chacha ke sath munbee (bhootapoorv bambee) men rahane lage the. rami ka vivah 9 varsh ki umr men subhedar ramaji sakapal ke suputr bhimarav ambedakar se san 1906 men hua. bhimarav ki umr us samay 14 varsh thi. tab ve panchavi kaksha men padh rahe the. vivah ke bad rami ka nam ramabaee ho gaya.[1]

arthik kathinaiyan

bhale hi bhimarav ambedakar ko paryapt achchha vetan milata tha, parntu phir bhi vah kathin snkoch ke sath vyay kiya karate the. vahar parel, munbee men improovament trast ki chal men ek majadoor mauhalle men do kamaron men, jo ki ek-doosare ke samane the, ve rahate the. vah vetan ka ek nishchit bhag ghar ke kharche ke lie apani patni ramabaee ko dete the. ramabaee jo ek kartavyaparayan, svabhimani, gnbhir aur buddhijivi mahila thin, ghar ki bahut hi suniyojit dhng se dekhabhal karati thin. ramabaee ne pratyek kathinaee ka samana kiya. unhonne nirdhanata aur abhavagrast din bhi bahut sahas ke sath vyatit kiye. mata ramabaee ne kathinaeeyan aur snkat hnsate-hnsate sahan kiye, parntu jivan sngharsh men sahas kabhi nahin hara. ramabaee apane parivar ke atirikt apane jeth ke parivar ki bhi dekhabhal kiya karati thin. ve sntosh, sahayog aur sahanashilata ki moorti thin. bhimarav ambedakar pray: ghar se bahar rahate the. ve jo kuchh kamate the, use ve ramabaee ko saunp dete aur jab avashyakata hoti, utana mang lete the. ramabaee ghar kharch chalane men bahut hi kifayat baratatin aur kuchh paisa jama bhi karati thin. kyonki unhen maloom tha ki bhimarav ambedakar ko uchch shiksha ke lie paise ki zaroorat padegi.

sadachari aur dharmik pravritti

ramabaee sadachari aur dharmik pravritti ki grihani thin. unhen pndharapur jane ki bahut ichchha rahi. maharashtr ke pndharapur men viththal-rukmani ka prasiddh mndir hai, kintu tab hindoo mndiron men achhooton ke pravesh ki manahi thi. bhimarav ambedakar ramabaee ko samajhate the ki aise mandiron men jane se unaka uddhar nahin ho sakata, jahan unhen andar jane ki manahi ho. kabhi-kabhi ramabaee dharmik ritiyon ko snpann karane par hath kar baithati thin.

tin putr aur ek putri ka nidhan

jab bhimarav ambedakar apani uchch shiksha hetu amerika ge the to ramabaee garbhavati thin. unhonne ek putr ramesh ko janm diya. parntu vah balyavastha men hi chal basa. bhimarav ke lautane ke bad ek any putr gngadhar utpann hua, parntu usaka bhi balyakal men hi dehavasan ho gaya. unaka ikalauta beta yashavnt hi tha, parntu usaka bhi svasthy kharab rahata tha. ramabaee yashavnt ki bimari ke karan paryapt chintagrast rahati thin, parntu phir bhi vah is bat ka poora vichar rakhati thin ki daau. ambedakar ke kamon men koee vighn n ae aurunaki padhaee kharab n ho. ramabaee apane pati ke prayatn se kuchh likhana padhana bhi sikh gee thin.[1]

sadharanatah mahapurushon ke jivan men yah ek sukhad bat hoti rahi hai ki unhen jivan sathi bahut hi sadharan aur achchhe milate rahe. bhimarav ambedakar bhi aise hi bhagyashali mahapurushon men se ek the, jinhen ramabaee jaisi bahut hi nek aur agyakari jivan sathi mili thi. is bich bhimarav ambedakar ke sabase chhote putr ne janm liya. usaka nam rajaratn rakha gaya. vah apane is putr se bahut pyar karate the. rajaratn ke pahale ramabaee ne ek kanya ko janm diya tha, vah bhi balyakal men hi chal basi thi. ramabaee ka svasthy kharab rahane laga. isalie unhen donon ladakon- yashavnt aur rajaratn sahit vayu parivartan ke lie dharavad bhej diya gaya. bhimarav ambedakar ki or se apane mitr dattoba pavar ko 16 agast, 1926 ko likhe ek patr se pata lagata hai ki rajaratn bhi shighr hi chal basa. dattoba pavar ko likha gaya patr bahut hi dard bhara hai. usamen ek pita ka apani sntan ke viyog ka duahkh spasht dikhaee deta hai. us patr men daau. bhimarav ambedakar ne likha ki-

"ham char sundar roopavan aur shubh bachche daphan kar chuke hain. inamen se tin putr the aur ek putri. yadi ve jivit rahate to bhavishy unaka hota. unaki mrityu ka vichar karake hriday baith jata hai. ham bas ab jivan hi vyatit kar rahe hain. jis prakar sir se badal nikal jata hai, usi prakar hamare din jhatapat bitate ja rahe hain. bachchon ke nidhan se hamare jivan ka annd hi jata raha aur jis prakar baeebal men likha hai, "tum dharati ka annd ho. yadi vah dharati ko tyag jaye to phir dharati anndapoorn kaise rahegi?" main apane parikt jivan men bar-bar anubhav karata hoon. putr ki mrityoo se mera jivan bas aise hi rah gaya hai, jaise trinakanton se bhara hua koee upavan. bas ab mera man itana bhar aya hai ki aur adhik nahin likh sakata."

daau. bhimarav ka sneh aur satkar

daau. bhimarav ambedakar jab amerika men the, us samay ramabaee ne bahut kathin din vyatit kiye. pati videsh men ho aur kharch bhi simit hon, aisi sthiti men kathinaeeyan pesh ani ek sadharan si bat thi. ramabaee ne yah kathin samay bhi bina kisi shikayat ke badi virata se hnsate-hnsate kat liya. bhimarav ambedakar prem se ramabaee ko 'ramo' kahakar pukara karate the. disambar, 1940 men bhimarav ambedakar ne jo pustak "thaauts aauf pakistan" likhi, vah unhonne apani patni 'ramo' ko bhent ki. bhent ke shabd is prakar the-

main yah pustak ramo ko usake man ki satvikata, manasik sadavritti, sadachar ki pavitrata aur mere sath duahkh jhelane men, abhav v pareshani ke dinon men jab ki hamara koee sahayak n tha, ativ sahanashilata aur sahamati dikhane ki prashnsa svaroop bhent karata hoon.

uparokt shabdon se spasht hai ki ramabaee ne bhimarav ambedakar ka kis prakar snkaton ke dinon men sath diya aur daau. ambedakar ke hriday men unake lie kitana adar-satkar aur prem tha.

mrityu

bhimarav ambedakar ka parivarik jivan uttarottar duahkhapoorn hota ja raha tha. unaki patni ramabaee prayah bimar rahati thin. vayu-parivartan ke lie vah patni ko dharavad bhi le gaye, parntu koee antar n pada. bhimarav ambedakar ke tin putr aur ek putri deh tyag chuke the. ve bahut udas rahate the. 27 mee, 1935 ko to un par shok aur duahkh ka parvat hi toot pada. us din nrishns mrityu ne unase patni ramabaee ko bhi chhin liya. das hazar se adhik log ramabaee ki arthi ke sath ge. daau. ambedakar ki us samay ki manasik avastha avarnaniy thi. unaka apani patni ke sath agadh prem tha. unako vishvavikhyat mahapurush banane men ramabaee ka hi sath tha. ramabaee ne ativ nirdhanata men bhi bade sntosh aur dhairy se ghar ka nirvah kiya aur pratyek kathinaee ke samay unaka sahas badhaya. unhen ramabaee ke nidhan ka itana dhakka pahuncha ki unhonne apane bal mundava liye. unhonne bhagave vastr dharan kar liye aur grih tyag ke lie sadhuon ka sa vyavahar apanane lage. vah bahut udas, duahkhi aur pareshan rahate the. vah jivan sathi jo garibi aur duahkhon ke samay men unake sath milakar snkaton se joojhata raha aur ab jab ki kuchh sukh pane ka samay aya to vah sada ke lie bichhud gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 tyag, balidan aur sahas ki prerana ramabaee ambedakar (hindi) sureshbadkar.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 17 march, 2017.

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