प्राकृतिक गैस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prakritik gais ek rngahin, gndhahin paryavaran anukool oorja srot hai. isamen mukhy roop se mithen shamil hota hai. prakritik gais petroliyam kuan se nikalati hai. isamen 95 prasiddh haidrokarban hota hai, jisame 80 pratishat mithen rahata hai. gharon men prayukt hone vali dravit prakritik gais ko el. pi. ji. kahate hain. yah byooten evn promen ka mishran hota hai, jise uchch dav par dravit kar silendaron men bhar liya jata hain.

bharat men prakritik gais ka bhndar evn utpadan
kshetr/rajy bhndar (kyoobik pi) kul utpadan
ka pratishat
mumbee haee 13,976 80%
gujarat 1,793 11%
asam 1,217 8%
tamilanadu 306 1.5%
tripura 10 8.6%

visheshataen

mithen klaitharets ke roop men koyale ki tah men jivashm eendhan ke sath paya jata hai aur yah daladal, kichad tatha koode़-karakat se bhare gaddhon men mithen utpadit baiktiriya jivon dvara nirmit hota hai. prakritik gais ko ek eendhan ke roop men upayog kiya ja sake, usake pahale mithen ke alava lagabhag sabhi samagri ko hatane ke lie isaki vyapak roop se prasnskaran prakriya avashyak hoti hai. is prasnskaran ke up-utpadon men eethen, propen, byooten, pentens aur uchch anvik vajan haidrokarban, tatvik salphar, karban daiaauksaid aur kabhi-kabhi hiliyam aur naitrojan ka samavesh hai.[1] prakritik gais ke upayog men sabase badi kathinaee parivahan aur bhndaran hai. jabaki paeep lainon ka upayog antardeshiy parivahan ke lie hota hai, ise samudron ke niche upayog nahin kiya ja sakata, jo ki vaishvik vyapar ke lie zaroori hai. likviphaid prakritik gais (elenaji) prakritik gais ke samudron men se parivahan ke lie ek pramanit vanijyik takanik hai. halanki isake lie vishesh jahajon aur alag se elenaji risiving tarminalon ki avashyakata hoti hai, isalie elenaji pariyojanaon ki prakriti bahut poonji-pradhan hoti hai.

mukhy upayog

  1. bijali utpadan ke lie eendhan srot
  2. paeep prakritik gais ke roop men khana pakane, garam karane ke lie ghareloo/vanijyik upayog
  3. audyogik upayog- baauyalars ke lie eendhan srot, ovan aur eyarakndishanars adi ke lie.
  4. khad nirman ke lie fid srot
  5. ek vaikalpik aautomobail eendhan ke roop men kaaumpresd prakritik gais (sienaji) ka vyapak upayog hota hai.
  6. mithenaaul adi jaise petro kemikals ka utpadan
  7. byooten aur propen jaise prakritik gais ke prasnskaran men prapt any ghatakon ka upayog elapiji[2] banane men hota hai.[1]

bharatiy paridrishy

pichhale dashak men vishv ke any kshetron ki tarah hi prakritik gais ne bharat men bhi pramukh khyati arjit ki hai. bharat ne varsh 2008 men takariban 41.4 bisiem prakritik gais ki khapat ki hai, jisamen ghareloo utpadan 30.6 bisiem raha hai aur elenaji ke roop men ayat 10.79 bisiem raha hai. agami varshon men ayat ka hissa aur badhane tatha vartaman ke lagabhag 25 pratishat ke star se isake 30 pratishat ke par chale jane ki ummid hai. khad (41%) aur bijali (37%) ke sath ye bharat men prakritik gais ke pramukh upayogakarta hain. bharat men urvarak (khad) kshetr sarakar dvara atynt sasta kiya hua hai aur sarakar khad utpadak ikaiyon ko pradan ki jane vali prakritik gais ki dar nirdharit karati hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 prakritik gais (hindi) em.si.es.indiya. abhigaman tithi: 14 pharavari, 2015.
  2. likviphaid petroliyam gais

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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