वर्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snvatsar ki utpatti varsh ganana ke liye hi hoti hai. ritu, mas, tithi adi sab varsh ke hi ang hain. brahm, pitry, daiv, prajapaty, gaurav, saur, savan, chandr aur nakshatr- in bhedon se nau prakar ki varsh-ganana hoti hai. inamen brahm, daiv, pitry aur prajapaty- ye char varsh kalp tatha yug-sambandhi lnbi ganana ke kam men prayukt hote hain. shesh gaurav (barhaspaty), saur, savan, chandr aur nakshatr varsh sadharan vyavahar ke liye hain. bharat ko chhodakar any deshon men se pray: muslim deshon men chandr varsh tatha doosaron men saur aur savan varshon se kal-ganana ki jati hai. bharat men panchon prakar ki laukik varsh ganana ka samnjasy saur varsh men kshay-vriddhi karake banaye rakhate hain. is prakar laukik varsh-ganana saur varsh se hoti hai. is saur varsh ke do bhed hain-

  1. sayan aur
  2. nirayan.

inamen nirayan varsh-ganana keval bharat men prachalit hai. sabhi deshon men sayan man ek-sa mana jata hai; kyonki sayan man drishy ganit par nirbhar hai. nirayan ganana keval yantron ke dvara hi sambhav hai; at: nirayan varsh ke man men matabhed hai. vibhinn jyotishacharyon ke matanusar vibhinn varshon ke kal man ki niche ek talika di ja rahi hai. isase varshon ka antar samajh men a sakega.

siddhant

kalaman

kr0 sn0

nam

varsh

din

ghati

pal

vipal

prativipal

1

soory siddhant

1

365

15

31

31

24

2

vedang jyautish

1

366

0

0

0

0

3

aryabhat

1

365

15

31

15

0

4

brahmasphut-siddhant

1

365

15

30

22

30

5

pitamah siddhant

1

365

21

15

0

0

6

grahalaghav

1

365

15

31

30

0

7

jyotirganit (ketakar)

1

365

15

22

57

0

8

lakiyar (nakshatr)

1

365

15

22

52

30

9

lakiyar (mandrakendr)

1

365

15

34

34

0

10

lakiyar (sayan)

1

365

14

31

56

0

11

talami (sayan)

1

365

14

37

0

0

12

koparanikas (sayan)

1

365

14

39

55

0

13

metan (nakshatr)

1

365

15

47

2

10

14

beboliyan (nakshatr)

1

365

15

33

7

40

15

shiyonid

1

365

14

33

32

45

16

theshit

1

365

15

22

57

30

17

achary apte (ujjain)

1

365

15

22

58

0

18

vishnugopal navathe

1

365

14

31

53

25

19

adhunik yooropiyan

1

365

15

22

56

52

20

chandr

1

354

22

1

23

0

21

savan

1

360

0

0

0

0

22

barhaspaty

1

361

1

36

11

0

23

nakshatr

1

371

3

52

30

0

24

saur (jo prachalit hai)

1

365

15

31

30

0


oopar ke varshon ka yadi kalpon tak ki ganana men upayog kiya jay to unamen se soory siddhant ka man hi bhramahin evn sarvashreshth pramanit hota hai. srishti snvat ke prarambh se yadi aj tak ka ganit kiya jay to soory siddhant ke anusar ek din ka bhi antar nahin padata. soory siddhant se prativarsh ganana men sadhe ath pal se bhi adhik ka antar hai. soory siddhant ke prachin man se adhunik man ka antar 8 pal 34 vipal ka hota hai. prachin ayan gati 60 pal aur adhunik ayan gati 50 pal, 26 vipal hone se gati ka antar 9 pal 34 vipal hota hai. is prakar 9 pal 34 vipal tatha 8 pal, 34 vipal men keval ek pal ka antar hota hai. is prakar soory siddhant ke man men ek pal kam karake ganit karane se 5000 varsh tak ke dinadi sab thik milate hain.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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