हिजरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hijari
muharram mah
vivaran 'hijari' islami pnchang ya kalandar hai. ise 'hijari kalandar' bhi kaha jata hai. adhikansh muslim islamik dharmik parvon ko manane ka sahi samay janane ke lie isaka prayog karate hain.
sambndhit dharm islam
prarambh shukravar, 16 julaee, 622 (lagabhag)
vishesh hijari kalandar ka vishesh tathy yah hai ki isamen chndrama ki ghatati badhati chal ke anusar dinon ka snyojan nahin kiya gaya hai. lihaja isake mahine har sal qarib 10 din pichhe khisakate rahate hain.
snbndhit lekh islam dharm, paigambar muhammad
any janakari hijari ka pahala mahina muharram hai. is mahine men hazarat imam husain v unake sathiyon ne batil se ladate hue hak ke lie apani shahadat di thi.
hijari islami pnchang ya kalandar hai, jise 'hijari kalandar' bhi kahate hain. yah ek chndr kailendar hai, jo n sirph muslim deshon men prayog hota hai, balki ise poore vishv ke musalaman bhi islamik dharmik parvon ko manane ka sahi samay janane ke lie prayog karate hain. isaka navavarsh moharram mah ke pahale din hota hai. hijari kalandar karbala ki ladaee ke pahale hi nirdharit kar liya gaya tha. moharram ke dasaven din ko ‘ashoora’ ke roop men jana jata hai. isi din paigambar muhammad ke navase imam husain bagadad ke nikat karbala men shahid hue the. hijari kalandar ke bare men ek dilachasp tathy yah hai ki isamen chndrama ki ghatati badhati chal ke anusar dinon ka snyojan nahin kiya gaya hai. lihaja isake mahine har sal qarib 10 din pichhe khisakate rahate hain.
islam ka pratik chihn

prarambh

hazarat umar pharook ke jamane men nabi-e-karim ke makka se madina hijarat karane ke din se is snvat ki buniyad padi, isalie ise hijari snvat kaha jata hai. is san ka pahala mahina muharram hai. is mahine men hazarat imam husain v unake sathiyon ne batil se ladate hue hak ke lie apani shahadat di.[1] shukravar, 16 julaee, 622 ko hijari ka prarambh hua, kyonki usi din hazarat muhammad sahab makka ke purohiton evn sattadhari varg ke dabavon ke karan makka chhodakar madina ki or kooch kar gaye the. khalifa umar ki agya se prarambh hijari snvat men 12 chandr mas hote hain, jisamen 29 aur 30 din ke mas ek-doosare ke bad padate hain. varsh men 354 din hote hain, phalatah yah saur snvat ke varsh se 11 din chhota ho jata hai. is antar ko poora karane ke lie 30 varsh bad zilahijj mahine men kuchh din jod diye jate hain. hijari ke mahinon ke nam is prakar hain-

saptah ke divas

islami saptah, yahoodi saptah ke saman hi hota hai, jo ki madhy yugiy eesaee saptah ke saman hota hai. isaka pratham divas bhi ravivar ke din hi hota hai. islami evn yahoodi divas sooryast ke samay arnbh hote hain, jabaki eesaee evn grahiy divas ardharatri men arambh hote hain. muslim saptahik namaz hetu masjidon men chhathe divas ki dopahar ko ekatrit hote hain, jo ki eesaee evn grahiy shukravas ko hota hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. islamik navavarsh hijari snvat (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 06, navambar.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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