मुसलमान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(मुस्लिम se punarnirdeshit)

musalaman ya muslim arthat "musalsal hai eeman jisaka". yah vo vyakti hai jo islam dharm ko manate hai aur allah ki ibadat karate hain. muslimon ka sabase mahattvapoorn aur pavitr tirth-sthal arab men makka aur madina hai. musalaman do mukhy sampradayon men bnte hain: shiya aur sunni. quran men keval muslim shabd ka istemal hua hai kyonki quran men sunni aur shiya shabd nahin hai. vo shakhs jo apani tamam ichchhaon ko aur apane ap ko eeshvar ke age natamastak kar de, to mazahab ai islam ke anusar koee ek jo islam ko manata hai vo ek muslim hai n ki sunni aur shiya.

musalaman jati varg

hindoo snskriti se nikatata ke karan bharat v pakistan ke musalamanon ke bich vikasit samajik vargikaran ki ikaiyon men se ek hai. adhikansh dakshin eshiyaee musalaman hindoo samaj se hi dharmantarit hue hain. islam ke samatavadi siddhanton ke bavajood muslim dharmantarit logon men hindoo samajik adaten baraqarar rahin. doosari or hinduo ne muslim sattadhari varg ko ek alag darja dekar apane men sammilit kiya.

dakshin eshiyaee muslim samaj men asharaf (arabi shabd sharif, arthat kulin ka bahuvachan), jinhen muslim arab apravasiyon ka vnshaj mana jata tha aur gair asharaf, jo dharmantarit hindoo the. asharaf samooh ko char upasamoohon men banta jata hai:

  1. saiyad, jo moolatah muhammad ki beti fatima aur damad ali ke vnshaj the.
  2. shekh (arabi shabd, arthat saradar), jo mukhyatah arabi ya farasi apravasiyon ke vnshaj the aur jinamen kuchh dharmantarit rajapoot bhi shamil the.
  3. pashtoon, jo afaganistan aur pashchimottar pakistan ke pashtobhashi janajatiyon ke sadasy the.
  4. mugal, jo turki mool ke the aur mugal senaon ke sath bharat aye the.

gair asharaf muslim jatiyan tin staron men vibhajit thin, sabase oopar uchch jati ke dharmantarit hindoo, mukhyatah rajapoot the. inhen shekh jatiyon men shamil nahin kiya gaya tha. doosare star par julahe (bunakar) adi karigar the aur sabase niche dharmantarit asprishy the, jinhonne sadiyon purane apane dhndhe apana rakhe the. any hindooon ki tarah ye dharmantarit hindoo bahirvivahi vyavastha ko manate the.

inhen bhi dekhen: islam dharm


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