अल्ला रक्खा ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

alla rakkha khan
alla rakkha khan
poora nam quraishi alla rakkha khan
janm 29 apral, 1919
janm bhoomi phagaval, jammoo
mrityu 3 faravari, 2000
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
sntan zakir husain, faizal quraishi, taufik quraishi (putr), khurshid auliya ni quraishi (putri)
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shastriy sngit
puraskar-upadhi padm shri, sngit natak akadami puraskar
prasiddhi tabala vadak
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh zakir husain,
any janakari bharat ke sarvashreshth ekal aur tabala vadakon men se ek the.
adyatan‎

alla rakkha khan (angrezi: Alla Rakha Khan, janm- 29 aprail, 1919; mrityu- 3 faravari, 2000) suvikhyat tabala vadak, bharat ke sarvashreshth ekal aur sngit vadakon men se ek the. inaka poora nam poora nam quraishi alla rakkha khan hai. alla rakkha khan apane ko pnjab gharane ka manate the. alla rakkha khan ke putr ka nam zakir husain hai jo svayn prasiddh tabala vadak hain.

arnbhik jivan

ustad alla rakkha khan ka janm 29 aprail, 1919 ko bharat ke jammoo shahar ke phagaval namak jagah par hua tha. arnbh se hi alla rakkha ko tabale ki dhvani akarshit karati thi. barah varsh ki alp ayu men ek bar apane chacha ke ghar guradasapur gaye. vahin se tabala sikhane ke lie ghar chhod kar bhag gaye. is se yah pata chalata hai ki apake man men tabala sikhane ki kitani lalak thi.[1]

sngit ki shiksha

alla rakkha khan 12 varsh ki umr se hi tabale ke sur aur tal men mahir the. alla rakkha khan ghar chhod kar us samay ke ek bahut prasiddh kalakar ustad qadir baksh ke pas chale gaye. jaise jauhari hire ki parakh kar leta hai, vaise hi ustad qadir baksh bhi ap ke andar chhupe kalakar ko pahachan gaye aur apako apana shishy bana liya. is prakar apaki tabale ki talim vidhivat arnbh huee. isi dauran apako gayaki sikhane ka bhi avasar mila. miyan qadir baksh ke kahane par apako patiyala gharane ke mashahoor khayal-gayak ashik ali khan ne ragadari aur avaz lagane ke gur sikhaye. aisa mana jata tha ki bina gayaki sikhe sngit ki koee bhi shakha poorn nahin hoti.

guru qadir baksh

baharahal, ap lagatar guru qadir baksh ke nirdeshan men riyaz karate rahe. guru ke ashirvad aur apani mehanat aur lagan se ap ek kushal tabala vadak ban gaye. shighr hi apaka nam sare bharat men lokapriy ho gaya. sngit jagath men apaka tabala vadan ek chamatkar se kam nahin tha. guru se agya pakar ap tabale ke prachar prasar men jut gaye. apane vadan ke chamatkar se apane badi़-badi sngit ki mahaphilon men shrotaon ka man moh liya. sadhe hue hathon se jab ap tabale par thap marate the to shrota bhav vibhor ho jate the. dayen aur bayen donon hathon ka sntulit prayog apake tabala vadan ki visheshata thi.[1]

vyavasayik jivan

alla rakkha khan ne apana vyavasayik jivan ek sngitakar ke roop men pnjab men hi shuroo kiya. bad men 1940 ee. men ap akashavani ke mumbee kendr par staf artist ke roop men niyukt hue. yahan tabale ke vishay men logon ki dharana thi ki yah keval ek sngati vady hi hai. apane is dharana ko badalane men bahut yogadan kiya.

sinema jagat

apane sanh 1945 se 1948 ke bich sinema jagath men bhi apani kismat azamayi. do-tin filmon ke liye sngit dene ke bad hi apaka man is mayajal se hat gaya. is bich apane anek mahanh sngit kalakaron ke sath sngat ki. inamen se kuchh nam bade gulam ali khan, ustad alauddin khan, pndit vasnt ray aur pndit ravishnkar ke hain.

pndit ravishnkar ki sngati

pndit ravishnkar ke sath alla rakkha khan ji ka tabala aur nikhar kar samane aya. is shrnkhala men sanh 1967 ee. ka montenari pop festival tatha sanh 1969 ee. ka vudastak festival bahut lokapriy hue. in pradarshanon se ap ki khyati aur adhik phailane lagi. 1960 ee. tak ap sitar samrat pndit ravishnkar ke mukhy sngatakar ke roop men pratishtha prapt kar chuke the. vastav men ap ka tabala vadan itana akarshak tha ki jisake sath bhi ap sngat karate, usaki kala men bhi char chand lag jate the. ap kalakar ke mood aur shaili ke anusar usaki sngat karate the. sirf ek sngatakar ke roop men hi nahin, apitu ek svatntr tabala vadak ke roop men bhi apane bahut nam kamaya. bharat men bhi aur videshon men bhi apane tabale ko ek svatntr vady ke roop men pratishthit kiya.[1]

kushal guru

ek pratibha sampann kalakar ke sath-sath ap ek kushal guru bhi the. apane anek shishy taiyar kie jinhonne tabale ko aur adhik lokapriy karane men bahut yogadan kiya. ap ke pramukh shishyon men nimnalikhit ke nam ullekhaniy hain:- ap ke tinon suputr – ustad zakir husain khan, fazal kuraishi aur taufik kuraishi ke atirikt yogesh shamsi, anuradha pal, adity kalyanapur, uday ramadas bhi inake pramukh shishy rahe. apake shishy pyar se apako abba ji kahate the. ap bhi apane shishyon se putravat pyar karate the. apaki asim shishy-parnpara apake hi pad-chihnon par chal kar apake kary ko age badha rahi hai.[1]

samman aur puraskar

  • sngit ke kshetr men apake yogadan ko svikar karate hue bharat sarakar ke dvara sanh 1977 ee. men apako padmashri ke samman se alnkrit kiya gaya.
  • sanh 1982 ee. men sngit natak akadami ne bhi apako jivan parynt sngit seva ke liye akadami avard se sammanit kiya.

nidhan

3 faravari, sanh 2000 ko munbee men hriday gati ke ruk jane se apaka nidhan ho gaya. us se thik ek din pahale hi apaki suputri ka nidhan hua tha. logon ka kahana hai ki ap putri ke sadame ko sah nahin pae. apake nidhan se tabale ka ek yug samapt ho gaya. lekin apake dvara rikard ki gayi elabamon aur sngit samarohon men ap sada jivit rahenge. jab jab tabale ke pnjab gharane ki charcha hogi, apake nam ki charcha hogi. apake shishyon dvara apaki parnpara sadaiv age badhati rahegi.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 tabala navaz ustad allarakkha khan (hindi) knol.google.com. abhigaman tithi: 26 janavari, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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