विलायत ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vilayat khan
ustad vilayat khan
poora nam ustad vilayat khan
janm 28 agast, 1928
janm bhoomi bngal
mrityu 13 march, 2004
mrityu sthan munbee
abhibhavak pita- inayat husain khan
sntan do putriyan, do putr (sujat husain khan aur hidayat khan)
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sngit
mukhy filmen bangla film 'jalasaghar' (1958), 'di guru' (1969), hindi film 'kadambari' (1976)
prasiddhi sitar vadak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari arambh men vilayat khan ka jhukav gayan ki or hi tha, kintu man ki prerana ne hi unhen apani khanadani parampara nibhane ke lie prerit kiya.

vilayat khan (angrezi: Vilayat Khan; janm- 28 agast, 1928, bngal; mrityu- 13 march, 2004, munbee) bharat ke prasiddh sitar vadak the, jinhonne antarrashtriy star par bhi bahut khyati prapt ki thi. ustad vilayat khan ki pichhali kee pushten sitar vadan se judi rahi thin. unake pita inayat husain khan se pahale ustad imadad husain khan bhi jane-mane sitar vadak rahe the. vilayat khan ne sitar vadan ki apani alag gayan shaili vikasit ki thi, jisamen shrotaon par gayan ka ahasas hota tha. unaki kala ke samman men rashtrapati fakharuddin ali ahamad ne unhen "afatab-e-sitar" ka samman diya tha. ye samman pane vale ve ekamatr sitar vadak the.

jivan parichay

antarrashtriy khyatiprapt sitar vadak ustad vilayat khan ka janm 28 agast, 1928 ko tatkalin poorvi bngal ke gauripur namak sthan par ek sngitakar parivar men hua tha. unake pita ustad inayat husain khan apane samay ke n keval surabahar aur sitar ke vikhyat vadak the, balki sitar vady ko vikasit roop dene men bhi unaka kafi yogadan tha. ustad vilayat khan ke anusar sitar vady prachin vina ka hi parivartit roop hai. inake dada ustad imadad khan apane samay ke rudravina vadak the. unhin ke man men sabase pahale sitar men tarab ke taron ko jodane ka vichar aya tha, kintu ise poora kiya, vilayat khan ke pita inayat khan ne. unhonne sngit ke vadyon ke nirmata kanhaee lal ke madhyam se is svapn ko sakar kiya. sitar ke oopari hisse par doosara tumba lagane ka shrey bhi inhen prapt hai.[1]

shiksha

ustad vilayat khan ne apani shuruati sngit shiksha pita inayat khan se prapt ki thi. jab ve matr 12 varsh ki alpayu men hi the, tabhi unake pita ka nidhan ho gaya. bad men unake chacha vahid khan ne unhen sitar vadan ki shiksha di. unake nana bande husen khan aur mamoo jinde husen khan se bhi unhen gayan ki shiksha prapt huee. yah gayakon ka gharana tha.

vivah

vilayat khan ne do vivah kie the. ve do putriyon aur do putron ke pita bane the. ustad vilayat khan ke donon bete sujat husain khan aur hidayat khan bhi pramukh sitar vadakon men gine jate hain.

man ki prerana

arambh men vilayat khan ka jhukav gayan ki or hi tha, kintu unaki man ne unhen apani khanadani parampara nibhane ke lie prerit kiya. gayan ki or unake jhukav ke karan hi age chalakar unhonne apane vady ko gayaki ang ke anukool parivartit karane ka saphal prayas kiya. yahi nahin, apane mnch-pradarshan ke dauran prayah ve gane bhi lagate the. 1993 men landan ke raauyal festival haaul men ayojit ek karyakram men khan sahab ne 'rag hamir' ke vadan ke dauran poori bandish ka gayan bhi prastut kar diya tha.[1]

vadan ki nee shaili ka vikas

vilayat khan ke sitar vadan men tntrakari kaushal ke sath-sath gayaki ang ki spasht jhalak milati hai. sitar ko gayaki ang se jodakar unhonne apani ek nee vadan shaili ki ninv rakhi thi. vadan karate samay unake mizarab ke aghat se 'da' ke sthan par 'a' ki dhvani ka spasht abhas hota tha. unaka yah prayog vadan ko gayaki ang se jod deta hai. vilayat khan ne sitar ke taron men bhi prayog kie the. sabase pahale unhonne sitar ke jodi ke taraau men se ek tar nikal kar ek pncham svar ka tar joda. pahale unake sitar men panch tar hua karate the. bad men ek aur tar jod kar snkhya chh: ho gee thi. apane vady aur vadan shaili ke vikas ke lie ve nirantar prayogashil rahe. ek avasar par unhonne svayn bhi svikar kiya ki varshon ke anubhav ke bavajood apane har karyakram ko ek chunauti ke roop men lete the aur mnch par jane se pahale dua mangate the ki is pariksha men bhi ve saphalata payen.

filmon men sngit

ustad vilayat khan ne kuchh prasiddh filmon men bhi sngit diya tha. 1958 men nirmit satyajit re ki bangla film 'jalasaghar', 1969 men marchent aivari ki film 'di guru' aur 1976 men madhusoodan kumar dvara nirmit hindi film 'kadambari' ustad vilayat khan ke sngit se susajjit tha. ve vastav men saral, sahaj aur sachche kala sadhak the.[1]

puraskar v samman

sitar vadan v sngit ke kshetr men vilayat khan ke vishesh yogadan ke lie unhen 1964 men 'padmashri' aur 1968 men 'padmavibhooshan' samman diye ge the, kintu unhonne ye kahate hue ki bharat sarakar ne hindustani shastriy sngit men unake yogadan ka samuchit samman nahin kiya, donon samman thukara die.

nidhan

ek sitar vadak ke roop vilayat khan ne panch dashak se bhi adhik samay tak apana jadoo bikhera. sitar ke is mahanh vadak ko phephade ke kainsar ne apani chapet men le liya tha. isake ilaj ke lie ve munbee ke 'jasalok aspatal' men bharti hue the. yahin par unhonne apane jivan ki antim sansen lin. 13 march, 2004 ko unaka nidhan hua.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 vilayat khan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 aktoobar, 2012.

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