आइसलैंड  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aisalaind (1969 men janasnkhya 2,03,442) uttari aitalantik mahasagar men sthit ek dvip hai jisaka vistar 63° 12' uttari akshansh se 66° 33' uttari akshansh tatha 13° 22' purvi deshantar se 24° 35' purvi deshantar tak hai. isaka kul kshetraphal lagabhag 39,758 varg mil hai. snpoorn dvip jvalamukhi chattanon dvara nirmit pathar hai jisaka keval bhag apekshakrit nicha hai. aisalaind ke adhikansh log isi nichale bhag men base hue hain.

dvip ka karib 13 pratishat bhag himachchhadit rahata hai jisamen lagabhag 120 himanadiyan (gleshiyar) paee jati hain. yahan ke sabase bade gleshiyar 'vatnajokul' ka kshetraphal lagabhag 150 se 200 varg mil tak hai.

aisalaind men bahut si jhilen hain. inamen se kuchh gleshiyaron dvara nirmit huee hain aur kuchh jvalamukhi ke kretar men pani bhar jane ke karan. sabase badi jhilon men thingavalavat evn thorisayat mukhy hain. inamen se pratyek ka kshetraphal 27 varg mil hai.

yah dvip snsar ke un jvalamukhi pradeshon men se hain jahan tritiyak kal se ab tak lagatar udgar hote ae hain. 100 se adhik jvalamukhi parvat tatha hajaron kretar is dvip men phaile hue hain, jinase nirmit lava pradesh ka kshetraphal lagabhag 4,650 varg mil hai. in udgaron ke karan yahan pray: bhoochal aya karata hai. garam pani ke anek sote tatha phavvare (gaisar) bhi isi karan yahan milate hain.

aisalaind ki jalavayu galphastrim namak garam dhara ke prabhav se usi akshansh men sthit any deshon ki apeksha adhik garm hai. yahan ka sadharan varshik tap 39.4° pha. hai. shitakal ke atyadhik thnde mas (janavari) ka ausat tap 34.2° pha. tatha garmi ki ritu ke adhikatam ushn mas (julaee) ka tap 51.6 pha. hai. yahan ke nichale maidanon ki ausat varshik varsha 51 inch tatha oonche bhagon ki ausat varsha 79.7 inch hai.

yahan ki vanaspatiyan pashchimi yooropiy pradesh tatha arkatik pradesh ki vanaspatiyon ke saman hain. ghas tatha chhote paudhe (tin phut se 10 phut tak ke) hi adhik ugate hain. bhoorj vriksh (barch) yahan ka mukhy paudha he. jivajntu kam milate hain. dhravupradeshiy richh, lomadi adi janavar kahin kahin dikhaee pad jate hain. parntu as pas ke samudron men sil, hel, kaaud, hering adi machhaliyan adhik milati hain. machhali pakadana yahan ka mukhy udyam hai. niryat ki vastuon men machhali tatha machhali se bani vastuen, visheshakar kaaud evn shark livar ayal, mukhy hain.

joon, san 1944 se yah desh poorn svatntr bana diya gaya hai. isaki rajadhani rekajavik (1970 ee. men janasnkhya 81,693) hai.

apani vishesh sthiti ke karan isaka samarik mahatv badhata ja raha hai aur yah amarika ka ek pramukh sainik adda ban gaya hai.[1]


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 335 |

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