कूरील द्वीपपुंज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kooril dvipapunj uttari prashant mahasagar men 32 dvipon ki ek shrrinkhala hai, jo kaimachaitaka pray:dvip se japan ke hokaido dvip tak phaili huee hai. yah uttar men kuril jal snyojak dvara kaimachaitaka se aur dakshin men nemooro jal snyojak dvara hokaido se tatha pashchim men oravatasak sagar dvara saiberiya se prithakh hai.

bade dvip

kooril dvipapunj lagabhag 650 mil tak phaile hain. inaka snpoorn kshetraphal 2900 vargamil hai. isake bade dvipon ke nam hain-

  1. paramooshiro (Paramushiro)
  2. shimooshiro (Shimushiro)
  3. uruppoo (uruppu)
  4. aitorophoo (Etorofu)
  5. shikotan (Shikotan)
  6. kunashir (Kunashir)

in dvipon ka nirman jvalamukhiyon ke udgar dvara turiy (kvataranari) yug men hua tha. yahan 40 jvalamukhi hain, jinamen se 22 jagratavastha men hain. kooril dvipapunj ki sarvochch choti oyakove dek ki oonchaee 7,654 phut hai. kunashiro shima men gndhak prapt hota hai.[1]

bhaugolik dasha

is dvipapunj ki jalavayu ati shital hai. isake poorv men oyashivo namak thndi jaladhara pravahit hoti hai. yahan shitakal men anek barphile toofan ate hain tatha aktoobar se aprail tak tusharapat hota hai. in dvipon ke nikat snsar ka ek prasiddh matsy kshetr hai, jahan snehamin (kaaud), mahaprithumin (helivat), bahula (herig), saradin adi machhaliyan pakadi jati hain. pahale yah dvipapunj sagar udr tatha sil ke roen ke lie prasiddh tha, kintu ab yahan keval 'sagar sher' tatha 'hh‌vel' pae jate hain.

anveshan

isaka anveshan varsh 1643 ee. men martin geritsajoon varais namak ek dach navik ne kiya tha. jab roosi logon ko is dvip ke vishay men pata chala, tab unhonne isaka nam 'kooril' rakha; jo kyoorit (dhuan) ka apabhrnsh hai. agast, 1945 ee. tak yah dvipapunj japaniyon ke adhin tha. ve log ise 'chishima' athava 'sahasr dvipapunj' kahate the. dvitiy vishvayuddh men japan ki har ke pashchath yah dvipapunj roos ke adhin ho gaya. ab keval 'shikotan' tatha 'kunashir' namak dakshini dvip hi japan ke adhin hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kooril dvipapunj (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 09 aprail, 2014.

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