एल्बा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

elba dvip itali ke legahaaurn prant ke pashchimi tat se 45 mil door dakshin disha men hai. yah pradhan bhookhnd se mil chaude piyanbino muhane dvara prithak hai tatha 19 mil lnba aur 6 mil chauda hai. isaka kshetraphal 140 varg mil hai. yah dvip pahadi hai. sabase oonchi choti mante kapanne hai, jo samudratal se 3342 phut oonchi hai. yah ek jalamagn parvat ka bhag hai jo karsika aur sardiniya ki or phaila hai. isaka tat khada aur patharila hai, parntu badi khadiyon ke pas samatal kshetr bhi hain. yahan ki chattanen ati prachin hain. silyoorin aur devaniyan yugon ki chattanen poorvi bhag men milati hain. balua patthar, choone ka patthar tatha subhaja (shist) chattanon ka bahuly hai. itali ka 80 pratishat kachcha loha isi dvip ki khanon se nikalata hai. loha galane ka dhndha prachin kal se chala a raha hai. roman log yahan ki kanashm (grainait) chattanon ko bhavananirman ke lie tudavate the. ajakal yah kam bahut hi kam ho gaya hai.

is dvip ka kuchh bhag upajaoo hai. parvaton ki nichali dhal par tatha talahatiyon men angoor, jaitoon aur shahatoot ki upaj kaphi hoti hai. tooni aur sardin machhaliyan pakadana yahan ke nivasiyon ka pramukh dhndha hai. poore dvip ki janasnkhya pachas hajar ke lagabhag hai. isaki rajadhani parti feriyo (Pyrto Ferrais) yahan ka pradhan bndaragah tatha audyogik aur vyavasayik kendr hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 254 |

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