}

गोपालदास नीरज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gopaladas niraj
gopaladas niraj
poora nam gopaladas saksaina 'niraj'
any nam niraj
janm 4 janavari, 1925
janm bhoomi puravali, itava, uttarapradesh
mrityu 19 julaee, 2018
mrityu sthan dilli
abhibhavak baboo brajakishor
pati/patni manorama sharma
sntan ek putr
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen dard diya hai, pran git, asavari, git jo gae nahin, badar baras gayo, do git, nadi kinare, niraj ki gitikaen, niraj ki pati, lahar pukare, muktaki, git-agit, vibhavari, sngharsh, antaradhvani, badalon se salam leta hoon, kuchh dohe niraj ke
vishay kavita, anuvad
bhasha hindi
shiksha snatakottar
puraskar-upadhi padm shri, padm bhooshan
nagarikata bharatiy
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
gopaladas niraj ki rachanaen

gopaladas saksaina 'niraj' (angrezi: Gopaldas Saxena 'Neeraj' , janm- 4 janavari, 1925, itava; mrityu- 19 julaee, 2018, dilli) hindi sahityakar, shikshak evn kavi sammelanon ke mnchon par kavy vachak evn filmon ke git lekhak the. ve pahale vyakti the, jinhen shiksha aur sahity ke kshetr men bharat sarakar ne do-do bar sammanit kiya. ve sarvadhik lokapriy aur prasiddh kavi the, jinhonne apani marmasparshi kavyanubhooti tatha saral bhasha dvara hindi kavita ko ek naya mod diya aur bachchan ji ke bad nayi pidhi ko sarvadhik prabhavit kiya. niraj ji se hindi snsar achchhi tarah parichit hai. jan samaj ki drishti men vah manav prem ke anyatam gayak the. 'bhadant anand kausalyanan ke shabdon men "unamen hindi ka ashvaghosh banane ki kshamata hai." dinakar ke anusar "ve hindi ki vina hain." any bhasha-bhashiyon ke vichar men "ve sant-kavi the" aur kuchh alochak unhen 'nirash-mrityuvadi' manate hain. aj anek gitakaron ke kanth men unhin ki anugoonj hai.

jivan parichay

'niraj' ka janm 4 janavari, 1925 ko uttarapradesh ke itava ke 'puravali' namak gram men ek sadharan kayasth-parivar men hua tha. jab vah 6 varsh ke abodh balak hi the ki achanak usake pita 'baboo brajakishor' svarg sidhar ge aur vah pita ke sneh se vnchit ho gaye. baboo brajakishor ne dehavasan se poorv apani jamindari adi bechakar 'khanapur stet' men naukari kar li thi. paitrik sampatti ke nam par unake parivar ke bharan-poshan ke lie kuchh bhi nahin bacha tha. parinamasvaroop vah apane phoopha 'baboo haradayalaprasad' vakil ke pas eta chale gaye aur vahan unhonne man ke snehanchal se door rahakar lagabhag 11 varsh tak athak jivan-sngharsh kiya. jivan-yapan ke sadhan sulabh karane ki chinta men usake adhyayan ka kram bhi prarambh men avaruddh-sa ho gaya tha, kintu phir bhi unhonne himmat n hari aur kadi mehanat tatha ji tod koshishon ke bad atynt kathin paristhitiyon men sanh 1942 men eta se haee skool ki pariksha sasamman pratham shreni men uttirn ki.

dilli aur naukari

1942 ke navambar men vah dilli ae aur yahan sarakar ke saplaee-vibhag men 'taipist' lag gaye. is sthan par usane 67 rupaye masik par lagabhag do varsh tak kary kiya. un dinon use atynt kathinaee ka samana karana pada. 67 rupaye men se 35 - 40 rupaye vah ghar bhej dete the. aur sheshansh men kathinaee se hi gujara chalata tha. bachat karane ki drishti se vah keval dopahar ko ek samay hi bazar ki 'poori' isalie khate tha jisase ve der men hajam hon aur bhookh jaldi n lage. isaka dushparinam unhen aj tak bhogana pad raha aur vah 1944 se 'kolaitis' tatha 'livar' ki bimari ka shikar hai. yahan yah ullekhaniy hai ki unhin dinon vah nirntar 9 mas tak bukhar ane par bhi apana ilaj karane ke lie daftar se chhutti n le sake aur n paise ke abhav men bhalibhanti ilaj hi kara sake. apane dilli pravas men 'niraj' kuchh din tak nee dilli ke pnchakuiyan ples par rahakar bad men 'shahadara' ke muhalla maharam men a gaye the. jab shahadara men 1945 men the tab unake makan par hindi ke yug pravartak kavi shri sooryakant tripathi nirala aur prakhyat alochak shri 'shantipriy dvivedi' bhi thahare the.

kanapur pravas

dilli men kuchh din tak 'niraj' 'sangs pablisiti aauphis' men 'litareri asistent' bhi rahe aur vahan se sarakar ke prachar ke bajay, kangres evn rashtriyata ka prachar karane ke karan unhen tyagapatr dena pada. dilli ki naukari chhoot jane par sanh 1946 men vah kanapur chale gaye aur kuchh din tak vahan ke 'di.e.vi. kaaulej' men klark rahe. unhin dinon unaka vivah bhi ho gaya. vivah ke uparant unhen 'valkart bradars' namak ek videshi kampani men 'steno taipist' ka kary mil gaya aur unhonne is kampani men jamakar 5 varsh tak kam kiya.

shiksha

niraj ne sanh 1949 men 'intaramidiet' ki pariksha uttirn ki. taduparant 'valkart' bradars' ke atirikt ek any sthaniy farm men part taim kam karate hue sanh 1951 men bi. e. kiya. isi bich 1 joon 1951 ko unhen putr labh hua; jisaka nam 'milan prabhat gunjan' hai. kuchh din tak vah kanapur men zila soochana-adhikari bhi rahe. apane adhyayan men badha ane ke karan unhonne sal-bhar bad vah naukari chhod di. parinamasvaroop 1953 men em. e. ki pariksha bhi unhonne pratham shreni men uttirn ki.

kavi sammelan aur prasiddhi

gopaladas niraj

em. e. karane ke uparant vah do varsh tak poornataya bekar rahe kintu yah bekari usake lie ek prakar se varadan siddh huee; kyonki in do varshon men usane sare desh ka bhraman kiya aur 'kavi sammelanon' ke madhyam se bahut lokapriyata prapt ki. 'niraj' ne in do varshon men jahan akhil bharatiy khyati prapt ki, vahan usane nirntar yatraon men lage rahane ke karan apane svasthy ko bilakul chaupat kar diya.

merath kaaulej men pradhyapak

1955 men ek varsh tak vah 'merath kaaulej' men pradhyapak rahe. merath kaaulej men vah adhik din tak n tik sake. kaaulej ke adhikariyon ne un par kuchh aise arop lagae, jo bad men asaty pramanit hue.

kavi jivan

'niraj' ka kavi jivan vidhivat mee, 1942 se prarambh hota hai. jab vah haee skool men hi padhate the to unaka vahan par kisi ladaki se pranay sambandh ho gaya. durbhagyavash achanak unaka bichhoh ho gaya. apani preyasi ke bichhoh ko vah sahan n kar sake aur unake kavi-manas se yon hi sahasa ye pnktiyan nikal padin:

 kitana ekaki mam jivan,
       kisi ped par yadi koee pakshi ka joda baitha hota,
       to n use bhi ankhen bharakar main is dar se dekha karata,
               kahin nazar lag jay n inako.

aur is prakar vah pranayi yuvak 'gopaladas saksena' kavi hokar 'gopaladas saksena 'niraj' ho gaya. pahale-pahal 'niraj' ko hindi ke prakhyat lokapriy kavi shri harivnsh ray bachchan ka 'nisha niyntran' kahin se padhane ko mil gaya. usase vah bahut prabhavit hue tha. is sambandh men 'niraj' ne svayn likha hai -

'mainne kavita likhana kisase sikha, yah to mujhe yad nahin. kab likhana arambh kiya, shayad yah bhi nahin maloom. han itana zaroor, yad hai ki garmi ke din the, skool ki chhutiyan ho chuki thin, shayad mee ka ya joon ka mahina tha. mere ek mitr mere ghar ae. unake hath men 'nisha nimntran' pustak ki ek prati thi. mainne lekar use khola. usake pahale git ne hi mujhe prabhavit kiya aur padhane ke lie unase use mang liya. mujhe usake padhane men bahut anand aya aur us din hi mainne use do-tin bar padha. use padhakar mujhe bhi kuchh likhane ki sanak savar huee......'

harivnsharay 'bachchan ka prabhav

'bachchan ji se main bahut adhik prabhavit hua hoon. isake kee karan hain, pahala to yahi ki bachchan ji ki tarah mujhe bhi zindagi se bahut ladana pada hai, ab bhi lad raha hoon aur shayad bhavishy men bhi ladata hi rahoon.'
ye pnktiyan sanh 1944 men prakashit 'niraj' ki pahali kavy-kriti 'sngharsh' se uddhat ki gee hain. 'sngharsh' men 'niraj' ne bachchan ji ke prabhav ko hi svikar nahin kiya, pratyut yah pustak bhi unhen samarpit ki thi.

gulabaray ki bhavishyavani

'sngharsh' ki bhoomika men prakhyat samalochak 'daau. gulabaray' ne un dinon kavi' niraj' ke kavy ki bhav-bhoomi ke sambandh men jo bhavishyavani ki thi, vah aj bhi unaki rachanaon ko padhakar saty utarati maloom hoti hai. unhonne likha tha -

'niraj' ji ke rudanamay ganon men nirasha ki antardhara spasht roop se jhalakati hai aur vah jivan ke katu anubhavon se nisri:t huee pratit hoti hai. jahan amrit hi vish ban jay vahan nirasha ka hona svabhavik hi hai. amrit ko vish banane vali kaun si ghatanaen hain, aur kahan tak ve saty hain, yah unake vaiyaktik jivan ka prashn hai. kintu in kavitaon se ek thes ka anuman hota hai.

usaki doosari kriti 'antardhvani' sanh 1946 men prakashit huee thi. usamen 'bachchan' ke prabhav se yukt hone ka prayatn kiya hai aur vibhavari' [1] tak ate-ate to usane apana svatntr jivan-darshan hi apana liya.

kavyagat visheshata

'niraj' ka kavyakalagat drishtikon bhasha, shabdon ke prayog, chhnd, lay, sandarbh, vatavaran aur pratit-yojana adi sabhi drishti se is pidhi ke kaviyon men sarvatha alag aur vishisht sthan rakhata hai. 'niraj' ne apani rachanaon men sabhi prakar ki bhasha ka vyavahar kiya hai. vah apani anubhootiyon ke adhar par hi shabdon, muhavaron aur kriyaon ka prayog karata hai. yahi karan hain ki usake kavy men hamen jahan snskritanishth shaili drishtigat hoti hai, vahan urdoo jaisi saral aur sadi shabdavali ka vyavahar hi dekhane ko milata hai. usaki rachanaon ko ham shaili ki drishti se darshanik, lokagitatmak, chitratmak, parush aur snskritanishth adi vibhinn roopon men vibhakt kar sakate hain.

shaili

darshanik shaili men vah pratik pradhan vynjana ke dvara sidhe-sade dhng se apani bat kahate chalate hai. usaki rachanaen sngit, alnkar aur visheshanon adi vihin sidhi-sadi hoti hain. lokagitatmak shaili men pray: phakkadapan rahata hai, aur aisi rachanaon men vah pray: hrasv-dhvani pradhan shabd hi prayukt karate hain. unaki lokagit-pradhan shaili se likhi gee rachanaon men madhury bhav ki prachurata dekhane ko milati hai. chitratmak shaili men likhi gee rachanaon men vah shabdon dvara chitr-nirman karane ki hi rachanaen hain, jo oj, taruny aur balidan ka sndesh dene ke lie likhi gee hain. oj lane ke lie kathor shabdon ka prayog nitant vanchhaniy hai. aisi rachanaon men 'niraj' ne jivan ke nitakatam pratikon ka prayog hi bahulata se kiya hai. snskritanishth shaili vali rachanaon men 'niraj' ki anubhooti ka adhar prachin bharatiy parnpara rahi hai.

lokapriyata

'niraj' ki lokapriyata ka sabase bada praman yah hai ki vah jahan hindi ke madhyam se sadharan star ke pathak ke man ki gaharaee men utare hain vahan unhonne gambhir se gambhir adhyetaon ke man ko bhi gudaguda diya hai. isilie unaki anek kavitaon ke anuvad gujarati, marathi, bngali, pnjabi, roosi adi bhashaon men hue hain. yahi karan hai ki 'bhadant anand kausalyayan' yadi unhen hindi ka 'ashvaghosh' ghoshit karate hain, to 'dinakar' ji unhen hindi ki 'vina' manate hain. any bhasha-bhashi yadi unhen 'snt kavi' ki sngya dete hain, to kuchh alochak unhen nirash mrityuvadi samajhate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vibhavari 1951 men prakashit

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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