तुरमली रत्न  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

turamali aisa ratn hai jo anaginat rngon men paya jata hai. rngon ke anusar isaki nimr kismen hoti hain-

  • ekroait:- yah rngahin turamali ke nam se jana jata hai. yah bahut kam paya jata hai.
  • roobelait:- yah gulabi (gajari) se lal aur kabhi-kabhar halka baingani hota hai.
  • drevait:- yah pila-bhoora se gahara bhoora hota hai.
  • vardilait:- yah hara patthar hota hai jisamen hari chhaya dikhati hai. yah turamali ka pramukh roop hai.
  • inadiholait:- yah patthar nila hota hai.
  • saiborait:- yah baingani athava nile rng ka hota hai.
  • skorl:- isaka samany rng kala hota hai. yah prayah abhooshanon men jada jata hai.

kee parton men anek rng vale bhi ratn pae jate hain. parantu mile-jule rngon ka turamali bahut durlabh hai. bahut se manibh anek rngon aur abhaon men pae jate hain. yah brazil, angola, bharat ,astreliya, afaganistan, namibiya, tnzaniya, thaeelaind men kafi matra men paya jata hai. brazil men aise ratn milate hain. jinaka andarooni rng hara tatha safed hota hai. kuchh turamali ki bahari tvacha hari evn andar se lal hota hai. unhen tarabooz bhi kaha jata hai.

kaits aee turamali vibhinn rngon men pae jate hain, lekin gulabi aur hare snyukt rng ka ratn bahut tej huta hai isamen bahut adhik kristal hota hain. kuchh turamali pattharon ka rng kritrim roshani men badal jata hai. shrilnka aur melagasi ganarajy ke alava brazil v mojambik men in ratno ka bade paimane par utpadan hota hai. anek rngon men upalabdh hone ke karan turamali vibhinn prakar ke ratnon- kataila, panna, maniky, kraisoberil, demanatoid, sitarin, pedidaaut ityadi ka bhram paida kar sakata hai. adhik dohara paravartan tatha mazaboot tirngapan isaki pahachan karane men sahayak hain.

ratn
  • qimati patthar ko ratn kaha jata hai apani sundarata ki vajah se yah qimati hote hain.
  • ratn akarshak khanij ka ek tukada hota hai jo kataee aur paaulish karane ke bad gahane aur any alnkaran banane ke lie prayog kiya jata hai. bahut se ratn thos khanij ke hote hain, lekin kuchh naram khanij ke bhi hote hain.
  • ratn apani chamak aur any bhautik gunon ke saundary ki vajah se gahane men upayog kiya jata hai.
  • greding, katane aur paaulish se ratnon ko ek naya roop aur rng diya jata hai aur isi roop aur rng ki vajah se yah ratn gahanon ko aur bhi akarshak banate hain.
  • ratn ka rng hi usaki sabase spasht aur akarshak visheshata hai. ratnon ko garm kar ke usake rng ki spashtata badhaee jati hai.
prachin granthon ke anusar uchch koti men 84 prakar ke ratn ate hain. inamen se bahut se ratn ab aprapy hain tatha bahut se ne-ne ratnon ka avishkar bhi hua hai. ratnon men mukhyatah nau hi ratn zyada pahane jate hain. vartaman samay men prachin grnthon men varnit ratnon ki soochiyan pramanik nahin rah gee hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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