मूँगा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nav ratn men moonga bhi hota hai. moonga mngal grah ka ratn hai. moonga lal, sindoor varn aur gulabi rng ka hota hai. moonga safed aur krishn varn men bhi prapy hai. moonga ka prapti sthan samudr hai. moonga ko angrezi men 'koral' kaha jata hai, jo amataur par sindoori lal rng ka hota hai. moonga lal, sindoor varn, gulabi, safed aur krishn varn men bhi prapy hai. moonga ka prapti sthan samudr hai. vastav men moonga ek kism ki samudri jad hai aur moonga samudri jivon ke kathor knkalon se nirmit ek prakar ka nikshep hai. moonga ka doosara nam praval bhi hai. ise snskrit men vidrum aur farasi men marajan kahate hain.

ratn
  • qimati patthar ko ratn kaha jata hai apani sundarata ki vajah se yah qimati hote hain.
  • ratn akarshak khanij ka ek tukada hota hai jo kataee aur paaulish karane ke bad gahane aur any alnkaran banane ke lie prayog kiya jata hai. bahut se ratn thos khanij ke hote hain, lekin kuchh naram khanij ke bhi hote hain.
  • ratn apani chamak aur any bhautik gunon ke saundary ki vajah se gahane men upayog kiya jata hai.
  • greding, katane aur paaulish se ratnon ko ek naya roop aur rng diya jata hai aur isi roop aur rng ki vajah se yah ratn gahanon ko aur bhi akarshak banate hain.
  • ratn ka rng hi usaki sabase spasht aur akarshak visheshata hai. ratnon ko garm kar ke usake rng ki spashtata badhaee jati hai.
prachin granthon ke anusar uchch koti men 84 prakar ke ratn ate hain. inamen se bahut se ratn ab aprapy hain tatha bahut se ne-ne ratnon ka avishkar bhi hua hai. ratnon men mukhyatah nau hi ratn zyada pahane jate hain. vartaman samay men prachin grnthon men varnit ratnon ki soochiyan pramanik nahin rah gee hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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