नव रत्न  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pukharaj ratn
Topaz Gemstone

samany taur par grahon-nakshatron ke anusar jyotish men matr navaratnon ko hi liya jata hai. in ratnon ke upalabdh n hone par inake uparatn ya saman prabhavakari ratnon ka prayog kiya jata hai. bharatiy manyata ke anusar kul 84 ratn pae jate hain, jinamen maniky, hira, moti, nilam, panna, moonga, gomed, tatha vaidoory (lahasuniya) ko navaratn mana gaya hai. ye ratn hi samast sauramandal ke pratinidhi mane jate hain. yahi karan hai ki inhen dharan karane se shighr phal ki prapti hoti hai.

qimati patthar ko ratn kaha jata hai apani sundarata ki vajah se yah qimati hote hain. ratn koee bhi ho apane apamen prabhavashali hota hai. manushy anadikal se hi ratnon ki taraph akarshit raha hai, vartaman men bhi hai tatha bhavishy men bhi rahega. ratn sharir ki shobha abhooshanon ke roop men to badhate hi hain aur kuchh logon ka manana hai ki ratn apani daiviy shakti ke prabhav ke karan rogon ka nivaran bhi karate hain. in ratnon se jahan svayn ko sajane-snvarane ki spardha logon men paee jati hai vahin snpannata ke pratik ye anamol ratn apane akarshan tatha utkrishtata se sabako vashibhoot kar vishv vyapi se bakhane jate hain. ratn aur javaharat ke nam se jane hue ye khanij padarth vishv ki bahumooly rashi hain, jo yugon se aganit manon ko mohate hue apani mahatta banae hue hain. ratnon men mukhyatah nau hi ratn zyada pahane jate hain.

nav grahon aur ratnon ki sthiti

navagrah aur ratn grahon ke anusar ratnon ki anukoolata
grah snbndhit ratn upayukt dhatu
sury maniky svarn
chndr moti chandi
mngal moonga svarn
budh panna svarn,kansa
brihaspati pukharaj chandi
shukr hira chandi
shani nilam loha, sisa
rahu gomed chandi, sona, tanba, loha, kansa
ketu lahasuniya chandi, sona, tanba, loha, kansa
lagn sashi svami grah anukool
mesh mngal moonga
vrishabh shukr hira
mithun budh panna
kark chndr moti
sinh soory maniky
kanya budh panna
tula shukr hira
vrishchik mngal moonga
dhanu guru pukharaj
makar shani nilam
kunbh shani nilam
min guru pukharaj

maniky

maniky ratn
Ruby Gemstone

maniky soory grah ka ratn hai. maniky ko angrezi men 'roobi' kahate hain. yah gulabi ki tarah gulabi surkh shyam varn ka ek bahumooly ratn hai aur yah kale rng ka bhi paya jata hai. ise soory-ratn ki sngya di gee hai. arabi men isako 'lal badakhshan' kahate hain. yah kurundam samooh ka ratn hai. gulabi rng ka maniky shreshth mana gaya hai.

panna

panna budh grah ka ratn hai. panna ko angrezi men 'emerald' kahate hain jo kee rngon men paya jata hai. yah hara rng lie safed lochadar ya nim ki patti jaise rng ka paradarshak hota hai. navaratn men panna bhi hota hai. hare rng ka panna sarvashreshth mana jata hai. panna atynt naram patthar hota hai tatha atynt moolyavan pattharon men se ek hai. rng, roop, chamak, vajan, paradarshita ke anusar isaka mooly nirdharit hota hai.[1]

hira

hira shukr grah ka ratn hai. angrezi men hira ko 'dayamnd' kahate hain. hira ek prakar ka bahumooly ratn hai jo bahut chamakadar aur bahut kathor hota hai. yah bhi kee rngon men paya jata hai, jaise- safed, pila, gulabi, nila, lal, kala adi. ise nau ratnon men sarvashreshth mana jata hai. hira ratn atyant mahnga v dikhane men sundar hota hai. safed hira sarvottam hai aur hira sabhi prakar ke ratnon men shreshth hai. hire ko hire ke kanon ke dvara paaulish karake khoobasoorat banaya jata hai.[2]

nilam

nilam shani grah ka ratn hai. nilam ka angrezi nam 'saiphayar' hai. nilam ratn gahare nile aur halke nile rng ka hota hai. yah bhi kee rngon men paya jata hai; masalan- mor ki gardan jaisa, halka nila, pila adi. mor ki gardan jaise rng vala nilam uttam shreni ka mana jata hai. nilam paradarshi, chamakadar aur lochadar ratn hai. navaratn men nilam bhi hota hai. shani ka ratn nilam elyoominiyam aur aauksijan ke mel se banata hai. ise kurundam samooh ka ratn mana jata hai.[3]

moti

moti chandr grah ka ratn hai. moti ko angrezi men 'parl' kahate hain. moti safed, kala, asamani, pila, lala adi kee rngon men paya jata hai. moti samudr se sipon se prapt kiya jata hai. moti ek bahumooly ratn jo samudr ki sipi men se nikalata hai aur chhoota, gol tatha safed hota hai. moti ko urdoo men maravarid aur snskrit men mukta kahate hain.

lahasuniya

lahasuniya ketu grah ka ratn hai. lahasuniya ratn men billi ki ankh ki tarah ka soot hota hai. isamen pilapanh, syahi ya safedi rng ki jhaeen bhi hoti hai. lahasuniya ratn ko vaidoory bhi kaha jata hai.

moonga

pukharaj ki angoothi
Topaz Ring

moonga mngal grah ka ratn hai. moonga ko angrezi men 'koral' kaha jata hai, jo amataur par sindoori lal rng ka hota hai. moonga lal, sindoor varn, gulabi, safed aur krishn varn men bhi prapy hai. moonga ka prapti sthan samudr hai. vastav men moonga ek kism ki samudri jad hai aur moonga samudri jivon ke kathor knkalon se nirmit ek prakar ka nikshep hai. moonga ka doosara nam praval bhi hai. ise snskrit men vidrum aur farasi men marajan kahate hain.

gomed

gomed rahu grah ka ratn hai. gomed ka angrezi nam 'jirakaaun' hai. samanyatah isaka rng lal dhuen ke saman hota hai. rakt-shyam aur pit abhayukt katthee rng ka gomed uttm mana jata hai. navaratn men gomed bhi hota hai. gomed ratn paradarshak hota hai. gomed ko snskrit men gomedak kahate hain.

pukharaj

pukharaj guru grah ka ratn hai. pukharaj ko angrezi men 'topaj' kah jata hain. pukharaj ek moolyavan ratn hai. pukharaj ratn sabhi ratnon ka raja hai. yah amoonan pila, safed, tatha nile rngon ka hota hai. vaise kahavat hai ki phoolon ke jitane rng hote hain, pukharaj bhi utane hi rng ke pae jate hain. pukharaj ratn elyuminiyam aur phlorin sahit siliket khanij hota hai. snskrit bhasha men pukharaj ko pushparag kaha jata hai. amalatas ke phoolon ki tarah pile rng ka pukharaj sarvashreshth mana jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. labhakari hai panna dharan karana (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 17 julaee, 2010.
  2. hira hai shukr ka ratn (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 19 julaee, 2010.
  3. nilam hai shani ka ratn (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 17 julaee, 2010.

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