हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

y
y.jpg
vivaran y devanagari varnamala men ant:sth varg ka pahala vynjan hai. yah talavy, ghosh aur alpapran hai.
bhashavigyan ki drishti se yah talavy, ghosh aur alpapran hai. yah 'ant:sth varn' hai kyonki sparshavarn aur ooshmavarn ke bich ka varn hai.
vyakaran [ snskrit (dhatu) ya + d ] pulling- yash, kirti, yog, yan, gadi, yam, snyam, yav, jau, tyag, sarathi, prakash.
vishesh yah ardhasvar hai aur i/ee ki a/a se sndhi hone par i/ee ke sthan par 'yh' ho jata hai. jaise- yadi+api = yadyapi; prati+akraman = pratyakraman.
snbndhit lekh r, l, v, sh, sh, s, h, ksh, gy
any janakari 'yi' aur 'yi' ko kramash: 'i' aur 'ee' likhane ki pravritti idhar kuchh dashakon men badhi hai- ab 'nayi dilli' ko 'nee dilli' likhana samany pravritti hai. parntu, is pravritti ke parinamasvaroop 'sthayi, sthayitv, uttaradayi, uttaradayitv' ityadi ke sthan par kramash: 'sthaee, sthaitv, uttaradaee, uttaradaitv' ityadi likha jana agyanajany aur hasyaspad hai.

y devanagari varnamala men ant:sth varg ka pahala vynjan hai. bhashavigyan ki drishti se yah talavy, ghosh aur alpapran hai. yah 'ant:sth varn' hai kyonki sparshavarn aur ooshmavarn ke bich ka varn hai. yah ardhasvar hai aur i/ee ki a/a se sndhi hone par i/ee ke sthan par 'yh' ho jata hai. jaise- yadi+api = yadyapi; prati+akraman = pratyakraman.

vishesh-
  • 'y', 'ya', 'yi' ityadi ke anusasik roop yn, yan, yin ityadi hote hain parntu shirorekha ke oopar 'chndrabindu' ke sthan par ‘bindu’ lagane ki riti (suvidharth) prachalit hai parntu keval vahan jahan matra shirorekha ke oopar lagati ho. (yan-yon).
  • vynjan-guchchhon men 'y' pahale akar any vynjanon se pray: nahin milata, keval 'y' se milata hai aur tab apani khadi rekha chhod deta hai- 'yh' ke roop men (jaise- sahayh y / sahayh y).
  • pahale akar 'y' se milane vale anek vynjan hain parntu chh, kh, s, h, ityadi vynjanon ke 'y' se milane par 'y' men koee parivartan nahin hota parntu un vynjanon ka pray: khadi rekha chhodakar yog hota hai. jaise- vaky, rajy, puny, saty, tathy, dhyan, nyay, pyas, mooly, shyam, bhashy, hasy.
  • dh pahale ane par 'dy' ya 'd+y' roop banata hai. jaise- gady, pady, vidya adhava gadh+y, padh+y, vidh+y aur rh pahale ane par shirorekha ke oopar lagata hai. jaise- anivary, kary.
  • purani riti men th, thh, dh, dhh, pahale akar yh se vishesh prakar se milate hain. jaise- naty, shathy, jady, dhanadhy; parntu aj kal pray: halnt ka prayog karake hi likhe jate hain jaise- nath+y, shathh+y, jadh+y, dhanadhh+y.
  • shabdon ke 'y' ka 'j' men parivartan lokabhasha men pray: ho jata hai. jaise- yamuna > jamuna, yav > jau, kary > karaj/kaj, ygy > jagy.
  • 'yi' aur 'yi' ko kramash: 'i' aur 'ee' likhane ki pravritti idhar kuchh dashakon men badhi hai- ab 'nayi dilli' ko 'nee dilli' likhana samany pravritti hai. parntu, is pravritti ke parinamasvaroop 'sthayi, sthayitv, uttaradayi, uttaradayitv' ityadi ke sthan par kramash: 'sthaee, sthaitv, uttaradaee, uttaradaitv' ityadi likha jana agyanajany aur hasyaspad hai.
  • [ snskrit (dhatu) ya + d ] pulling- yash, kirti, yog, yan, gadi, yam, snyam, yav, jau, tyag, sarathi, prakash.[1]

y ki barahakhadi

y ya yi yi yu yoo ye yai yo yau yn yah

y akshar vale shabd


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- hindi shabd kosh khand-2 | prishth snkhya- 2043

snbndhit lekh

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