हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

n
n.jpg
vivaran n devanagari varnamala ke tavarg ka panchava vynjan hai.
bhashavigyan ki drishti se yah dnty (vartsy), nasiky, sparsh, ghosh aur alpapran aur ghosh hai.
vyakaran [ snskrit (dhatu) nashh‌ / (dhatu) nahh‌ + d ] visheshan- rikt, khali, atirikt, falatoo. pulling- ganesh (devata), suvarn, sona, moti, dhan-sampatti, yuddh.
vishesh kisi vynjan se pahale akar usake sath snyukt hone vale 'nh‌' ke roopon men ye pramukh hain- nt (kant), nth (panth), nd (vandana), ndh (kandha), nm (janm), ny (jany), nv (anvay), nh (kanhaiya) tatha 'n' ka dvitv jisake lie 'nn' likha jata hai (ann).
snbndhit lekh th, t, d, dh
any janakari 'n' ka arthahin prayog takiyakalam ke roop men kuchh vyakti svabhavavash karate hain. jaise vah jab aya tha n... tab usane n.. yah bataya ki usaki jo bahan hai n... usane ek makan kharid liya hai.

n devanagari varnamala ke tavarg ka panchava vynjan hai. bhashavigyan ki drishti se yah dnty (vartsy), nasiky, sparsh, ghosh aur alpapran aur ghosh hai.

vishesh-
  • varn shabdon ke adi, madhy aur ant sabhi jagah a sakata hai. jaise- nami, shant, vidvanh parntu ant men aur tatsam shabdon men hi.
  • 'nh‌' ke sthan par suvidha ke lie anusvar ki bindi ka prayog mudran adi men suvidharth prachalit hai parntu yah bhramak hai kyonki koshon adi ke akaradi kram men dosh utpann karata hai.
  • 'nh‌' (n ke sath halnt) ke sthan par 'nh' (adha n) ka prayog hi snyukt vynjan banane ke lie kiya jana chahie; udaharanarth 'sanh‌t' aur sant donon shuddh hain parantu 'sant' likhana vaigyanik, prachalit aur suvidhapoorn hai tatha 'snt' keval suvidhajanak prayog hai, yah janana upayogi aur avashyak hai.
  • kisi vynjan se pahale akar usake sath snyukt hone vale 'nh‌' ke roopon men ye pramukh hain- nt (kant), nth (panth), nd (vandana), ndh (kandha), nm (janm), ny (jany), nv (anvay), nh (kanhaiya) tatha 'n' ka dvitv jisake lie 'nn' likha jata hai (ann).
  • 'vnsh', 'kns' ityadi shabdon men ae anusvar ke sthan par 'nh‌' ka prayog trutipoorn hai aur 'vansh', 'kans' adi ashuddh lekhan ke udaharan hain anyatr visheshat: videshi (angrezi adi) shabdon men 'nh‌' ke pahale ane se jo snyukt roop banate hain unhen anusvar ke bindoo ke prayog se suvidha ke lie likhana prachalit hai parntu nh‌ (adha n) ke prayog se hi likhana vaigyanik hai. ('indiya' nahin, inh‌diya 'indiya', 'tent' nahin tenh‌t ya tent').
  • hindi shabdon men kisi vynjan ke 'nh‌' se pahale akar usake sath banane vale snyukt roopon men pramukhat: ye mahattvapoorn hain- gn (lagn), ghn (vighn), tn (ratn), pn (svapn), mn (nimn), shn (prashn), sn (snan, sneh), hn ya hh‌n (chihn ya chihh‌n).
  • r milane par 'rn' roop leta hai. jaise- tarn. nissandeh 'hn' ki apeksha 'hh‌n' men adhik spashtata hai.
  • snyukt vynjan roop banane men halh‌ se yukt vynjan ka avashyakata ke anusar prayog kiya ja sakata hai parntu samanyat: nahin. jaise- 'janm' ko 'janh‌m' aur 'lagn' ko 'lagh‌n' bhi likha ja sakata hai.
  • tatsam shabdon ke ant ke 'nh‌' ko pray: 'n' hi likhana, ashuddh hone par bhi, ajakal hindi men adhik prachalit hai. jaise- vidvan, mahan, hanuman.
  • [ snskrit (dhatu) nashh‌ / (dhatu) nahh‌ + d ] visheshan- rikt, khali, atirikt, falatoo. pulling- ganesh (devata), suvarn, sona, moti, dhan-sampatti, yuddh. jaise- usane 'n' kah di; ab use le jana kathin hai.
  • nishedhavachak 'n' ka vilom 'han' hai. avyay- nakar ka soochak shabd, nahin. jaise- vah n padhega. nishedh ka soochak shabd. mat. jaise- use n bulao.
  • 'n' ke anek prayog ukti men vishesh arth utpann kar dete hain. aise kuchh prayog drashtavy hain-
  1. punarukti vale kuchh prayogon men 'n' ane se 'to' ka bhav jud jata hai. jaise- kahin-n-kahin vah avashy milega (kahin-n-kahin = kahin to); kisi-n-kisi din (kisi din to).
  2. kuchh prashnatmak vakyon ke ant men 'n' ka prayog pushti ke lie ho sakata hai. jaise- tum aj to bazar jaoge n?
  3. vi-dhi (prarthana, agya adi) ke shabd ke sath 'n' ka prayog vidhi ki prabalata ke lie hota hai. jaise- jao n ('jao' kahane men prabalata nahin hai); man jaie n.
  • 'n' ka arthahin prayog takiyakalam ke roop men kuchh vyakti svabhavavash karate hain. jaise vah jab aya tha n... tab usane n.. yah bataya ki usaki jo bahan hai n... usane ek makan kharid liya hai.
  • 'n' ka prayog pray: vakyon ke ant men nahin hota, nishedh ko bad men rakhana ho to 'nahin' ka prayog hota hai. jaise- 'n jana, jana nahin'.
  • 'n' ka yojak roop men bhi anek prakar se prayog hota hai. jaise- (k) 'n...n'. jaise- n padhana, n likhana. (kh) 'n keval......apitu/balki. jaise- yah rahasy n keval main janata hoon apitu tumhari mata ji bhi janati hai. (g) chahe... n. jaise- chahe padho ya n padho.
  • 'n ki' ka bhi ek yojak ke roop men prayog hota hai. jaise- tumhari sahayata mainne ki thi n ki kisi aur ne.
  • 'n kuchh....n kuchh' ek nakaratmak padabandh hai. jaise- vah n kuchh hnsati hai, n kuchh bolati hai.
  • 'n...aur n' bhi yojak pad samooh hai. jaise- tab n ram van jate aur n ravan mara jata.
  • 'n hi...n hi' pad- samooh ka prayog adhik bal dene ke lie hota hai. jaise- n hi tum padhoge aur n hi vah padhaega.[1]

n ki barahakhadi

n na ni ni nu noo ne nai no nau nn nah

n akshar vale shabd



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- hindi shabd kosh khand-1 | prishth snkhya- 1338

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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