सिकन्दर जहाँ बेगम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sikandar jahan begam (1844-1868 ee.) bhopal ke navab jahangir mohammad khan (1837-1844 ee.) ki begam thi. navab ke nidhan ke bad dastagir mohammad khan ko sattasin kara diya gaya tha, parantu eest indiya kampani evn nazar mohammad khan ke sath huye samajhaute ke anusar usake marane par usaki beti ya damad ko shasak banaya jana tay hua tha. is adhar par sikandar jahan begam ko shasika banaya gaya evn dastagir khan ki niyukti ko samapt kar diya gaya.

sampoorn satta par adhikar

shasika banane ke bad sikandar jahan begam ne miyan faujadar mohammad khan ko, jo sikandar jahan begam ka mama tha, apani riyasat ka mntri niyukt kar diya. mntri banate hi mohammad khan ne apane nikat snbndhiyon ko mahattvapoorn padon par bitha diya aur samanantar sarakar chala di. lekin sikandar jahan begam ko antat: is samanantar satta ko hatane men saphalata mili aur usaka poori satta par qabza ho gaya. faujadar mohammad khan apane pad se istifa dena pada. isake bad raja yashavnt ray ko riyasat ka mntri banaya gaya aur riyasat ki taraqqi ke lie anek qadam uthaye gaye. poori riyasat ko tin bhagon men bant diya gaya aur vahan ke mndaladhikari aur unake sahayogi bhi niyukt hue.[1]

angrezon ki vafadar

kuchh samay bad bhopal riyasat ke kuchh logon ne sihor men vidroh kar diya. navab sikandar jahan begam ne isase nipatane ke liye apani badi fauj bhejakar sihor chhavani ki suraksha men sahayog diya. isamen angrez fauj ne vidroh karane valon ko pakadakar kathor saza di. isake bad angrez sarakar ne begam ko poori zindagi rijent ki haisiyat se manyata pradan kar di. poori tarah se satta par qabiz hone ke bad bhi sikandar jahan begam apani vayask beti shahajahan begam ki shadi karane men kafi ana-kani karati rahi. antat: shahajahan begam ka vivah firoz khel khanadan men baki mohammad khan se 26 julaee, 1854 ee. men ho gaya. isike sath hi sikandar begam ne angrez sarakar se milakar naya qanoon lagoo karavaya ki yadi riyasat men ladake ke bajay ladaki paida hoti hai to vahi shasak hogi, usaka pati nahin. 1857 ee. men azadi ki pahali ladaee shuroo ho gee, isamen sikandar begam ne apana poora sahayog angrez eest indiya kampani ko diya. is vafadari ke adhar par kampani ne begam ko kee prakar ki sahooliyaten pradan kar din.

7 faravari, 1861 ee. ko sikandar jahan begam ne jabalapur men vayasaray se bhent ki aur vahan dhar riyasat ke ek bhag bairasiya paragana ko bhopal riyasat men de diya gaya. isi varsh navambar men navab begam ko ji.si.es.aee. ki upadhi ilahabad men di gee evn bairasiya ko bhopal riyasat men diye jane ki sanad 27 disambar, 1861 ee. men jari ki gee.[1]

dilli yatra

sikandar jahan begam ne kee naye qanoon banavaye tatha zilon, tahasilon evn thanon ki sthapana ki tatha ek prashasan vibhag bhi banaya. shiksha ke kshetr men madarasa sulemani, viktoriya skool bhi khulavaye. 22 janavari, 1862 ee. ko apani dilli yatra ke dauran vah zama masjid bhi dekhane gee. usane dekha ki dilli ki zama masjid ko british sena ki ghudasal men tabdil kar diya gaya hai. sikandar begam ne apani vafadariyon ke badale angrezon se is masjid ko hasil kar liya aur svayn apana yogadan pradan karate hue masjid ki saphaee karavakar shahi imam ki sthapana ki. begam ne bhopal men bhi masjid banane ka irada kar liy. sikandar begam ka ye svapn usake jite ji poora nahin ho saka, lekin bad men usaki putri shahajahan begam ne ise poorn karane ka phaisala kiya.

nidhan

navab sikandar jahan begam ne desh bhar ka daura kiya tatha tin bar vayasaray se bhent ki. vah haj karane makka bhi gee. 51 varsh ki umr men 30 aktoobar, 1868 ee. ko usaka dehant ho gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
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madhyamik
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 navab sikndar jahan begam (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 1 joon, 2012.

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