अंगज अलंकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

angaj alnkar satvik alnkaron ka ek bhed hai. bharat ne apane natyashastr men sarvapratham isaka ullekh kiya hai. angaj alnkaron men nayikaon ke un angik vikaron ya kriyavyaparon ko pariganit kiya jata hai, jinase taruny prapt karane par unake man men udbhoot evn vikasit kam bhav ka pata chalata hai. natyashastr (24.6) men bhav, hav tatha hela ko ek-doosare se udbhoot evn satv ke vibhinn roop kaha gaya hai aur isilie inhen sharir se snbaddh mana gaya hai. age isaki vyakhya karate hue natyashastr (24.7) men bharat ne kaha hai- satv sharir se snbaddh hai, bhav satv se utpann hota hai, hav ki utpatti bhav se aur hela ki hav se hai.

bhed

angaj alnkar ke snskrit kavyashastr men uparyukt adhar par tin bhed nishchit kie ge hain-

  1. bhav alnkar
  2. hav alnkar
  3. hela alnkar

bhav alnkar

dhannjay ne bharat ko adhar manate hue kaha hai, nirvikaratmakatsatvadabhavastatradyavikriya[1] arthath‌ nirvikar chitt men yauvanodgam ke samay arnbh hone vala vikar roop adi spnd hi bhav hai. jis prakar bij ka adi vikar ankur ke roop men phutane ke pahale sthoolata adi ke roop men prakat hota hai, usi prakar yauvanodgam ke sath man men jis kamavikar ka vapan hota hai, vahi ‘bhav’ kahalata hai.

hav alnkar

bharat ne[2] kaha hai, satv bhav ke udrek ke sath any vyakti ke prati vynjit hota hai aur isi ki vibhinn sthitiyon se snbaddh hav dekhe ja sakate hain. dhannjay ke anusar heladay shrringarohavokshibhroovikarakrit [3] arthath‌ bhav ki vah vikasit avastha jisamen bhogechchha prakashak katakshapat adi vikar prakat hone lagate hain, hav kahalati hain. man men avasthit bhav hi hav roop men vishesh vyakt ho jata hai. snskrit ke pndit bhanudatt ne lilavilasadi das alnkaron ko hav kaha hai. nari ki svabhavik cheshta ko vah hav manate hain. purushon men bhi lakshit hone vale vibvok, vilas, vichchhitti tatha vibhram keval upadhi svaroop hi unamen hote hain. yadyapi snskrit men hav ko angaj alnkar ka bhed kaha hai tathapi hindi men hav shabd ka prayog poore satvik alnkaron ke lie hota hai.

hela alnkar

bharat ne lalit abhinay dvara abhivyakt shrringar ras par adharit pratyek vyakti ke bhav ko hela ki sngya di hai. dhannjay ne hela ka lakshan is prakar diya hai, s ev hela suvyaktashrringararasasoochika[4]), arthath‌ shrringar ki sahaj snketak abhivyakti. hindi men hela ko hav ke antarman mana gaya hai.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (dasharoopak, 2.33)
  2. natyashastr 24.9
  3. (dasharoopak 2.34)
  4. (dasaroopak 2.34
  5. angaj alnkar (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 28 janavari, 2014.

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