शब्दालंकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jis alnkar men shabdon ke prayog ke karan koee chamatkar upasthit ho jata hai aur un shabdon ke sthan par samanarthi doosare shabdon ke rakh dene se vah chamatkar samapt ho jata hai, vah shabdalnkar mana jata hai. shabdalnkar ke pramukh bhed hain.

anupras

  • jis rachana men vynjan varnon ki avritti ek ya do se adhik bar hoti hai, vahan anupras alnkar hota hai.
jaise

mudit mahipati mndir ae.
sevak sumntr bulae.

  • yahan pahale pad men 'm' varn ki aur doosare varn men 's' varn ki avritti huee hai, atah yahan anupras alnkar hai. isake nimn bhed hai:-

yamak

  • jab kavita men ek hi shabd do ya do se adhik bar ae aur usaka arth har bar bhinn ho vahan yamak alnkar hota hai.
jaise

kali ghata ka ghamand ghata.

  • yahan 'ghata' shabd ki avritti bhinn-bhinn arth men huee hai. pahale 'ghata' shabd 'varshakal' men udane vali 'meghamala' ke arth men prayukt hua hai aur doosari bar 'ghata' ka arth hai 'kam hua'. atah yahan yamak alnkar hai.

shlesh

  • jahan kisi shabd ka anek arthon men ek hi bar prayog ho, vahan shlesh alnkar hota hai.
jaise

madhuvan ki chhati ko dekho,
sookhi kitani isaki kaliyan.

  • yahan 'kaliyan' shabd ka prayog ek bar hua hai, kintu isamen arth ki bhinnata hai.
    • khilane se poorv phool ki dasha
    • yauvan poorv ki avastha
alnkar lakshan\pahachan chihn udaharan\ tippani
anupras vynjan varnon ki avritti

bndun guru pad padum paraga. suruchi subas saras anuraga॥

p d s r ki avritti
chhekanupras anek vynjanon ki ek bar svaroopat v kramatah avriti

bndoon guru pad padum paraga. suruchi subas, saras anuraga॥ (tulasidas)

pad padum men pad evn suruchi saras men sar - svaroop ki avritti.
pad men p ke bad d, padum, men p ke bad d, suruchi men s ke bad r saras men s ke bad r. kram ki avritti.
vrittyanupras anek vyajanon ki anek bar svaroopat v kramatah avritti

kalavati kelivati kalindaja

kal ki 2 bar avritti - svaroopatah avritti,
k l ki 2 bar avritti - kramatah avritti
latanupras tatpary matr ke bhed se shabd v arth donon ki punarukti

ladaka to ladaka hi hai

shabd ki punarukti samany ladaka roop buddhi shiladi gun snpann ladaka - arth ki punarukti.
yamak shabdon ki avritti (jahan ek shabd ek se adhik bar prayukt ho aur usake arth alag- alag hon)

kanak-kanak te sauguni, madakata adhikay va khae bauray jag, ya pae bauray. (biharilal)

kanak shabd ki ek bar avritti 1 dhatoora, 2 sona.
shlesh ek shabd men ek se adhik arth (jahan koee shabd ek hi bar prayukt ho kintu prasng bhed men usake arth alag-alag hon)

rahiman pani rakhiye, bin pani sab soon.
pani gaye n oobarai, moti manush choon ॥(rahim)

moti→chamak, manush→pratishtha, choon→jal
vakrokti pratyaksh arth ke atirikt bhinn arth
shleshamoola vakrokti shlesh ke dvara vakrokti

ek kabootar dekh hath men poochha kahan apar hai?
usane kaha apar kaisa? vah ud gaya sapar hai॥ (gurubhakt sinh)

yahan poorvarddh men jahangir ne doosare kabootar ke bare men poochhane ke lie 'apar' (doosara) shabd ka prayog kiya hai jabaki uttarardh men noorajahan ne 'apar' ka 'bina (pnkh) vala' arth kar diya hai.
kakumoola vakrokti kaku (dhvani- vikar\ avaz men parivartan) ke dvara vakrokti

ap jaie to. - ap jaie.
ap jaie to? - ap nahin jaie.

vipsa manobhavon ko prakat karane ke lie shabd duharana (vipsa- duharana) chhiah, chhiah; ram, ram; chup, chup; dekho, dekho;


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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