समुच्चय अलंकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samuchchay alnkar 'alnkar chandroday' ke anusar hindi kavita men prayukt hone vala ek alnkar hai. yah vakyanyayamool arthalnkar hota hai, jisamen kisi kary ki siddhi ke hetu tuly bal vale anek padarthon ka samuchchay hota hai.

arth

'samuchchay' ka arth hai- 'ek sath ikattha hona.' prastut alnkar ki pravritti 'vikalp' ke sarvatha viparit hai. usamen-do tuly bal vale padarthon men ek hi kal aur sthiti men virodh hota hai, kintu isamen tuly bal valon ki kal men ekatr sthiti hoti hai. rudrat tatha ruyyak se is alnkar ki vivechana nirntar hoti rahi hai. rudrat ne samuchchay ko trividh dash, asath tatha sadasath ke yog ke anusar mana hai[1] arthath kary ke uttam sadhanon ka yog, asath sadhanon ka yog tatha sath, asath donon ka yog.[2]

tin bhed

mammat ke anusar- "tatsiddhihetavekasminh yatrany- tatkar bhaveth"[3] arthath kisi prastut kary ki siddhi ke varnan men ek karan ke rahate any karan ka samavesh kiya jana. mammat ne rudrat ke vibhajan ko apane lakshan ke antargat ghatit batalaya hai aur gun-kriya ke yog se tin bhedon ka pratipadan kiya hai-

  1. gun ka yog
  2. kriya ka yog
  3. gun-kriya ka yog 'satvanyo yugapath ya gunakriya:' (vahi)


'sahityadarpan' ke lekhak vishvanath ne is mat ko svikar kiya hai.

hindi ke acharyon ne is alnkar ki vivechana men jayadev tatha appay dikshit se prerana prapt ki hai, par ye apane drishtikon men bahut spasht nahin hai. snskrit ke acharyon ne pramukhat: samuchchay ke do bhed kiye hain-

  • pratham samuchchay - kisi kary ki siddhi ke lie ek sadhan ke hone par bhi any sadhanon ka usi kary ki siddhi ke sahayak tattv ke roop men kathan kiya jana. hindi ke acharyon ne pratham samuchchay ke lakshan "bahut bhaye ek baragi tin ko gugph jo hoy"[4], "ek bar hi jaham bhayo bahu kajan ko bndh"[5] adi kiye hain. chintamani ke 'kavikakalpataru' men "ekasiddhakar sng mili auri sadhak shey" aur das ke 'kavyanirnay' men "ekai karata siddhi ke auron honi sahai" adhik spasht lakshan hai. isake vistar ki or pray: dhyan nahin diya gaya.[1]
  • dvitiy samuchchay - gun ya kriya ka athava gun aur kriya donon ka ek hi kal men varnan athava inaki sthiti. par hindi ke acharyon ke lakshan adhik spasht nahin hai- "bahasi baran bahu het jnh ek kajaki siddhi"[6], athava- "varatu anekan ko jahan varanat ekai thaur"[7] adi. kanhaiyalal poddar tatha ramadahin mishr adi adhunik acharyon ne is vibhajan ko prastut kiya hai.

pratham samuchchay ke prakar

pratham samuchchay ke tin prakar kiye gaye hain-
(k) sadyog - uttam karanon ke yog ka samuchchay - "tat bachchan puni matu hit bhai bharat as rau. mokahn daras tumhar prabhu, sab mam puny prabhau.[8] isamen pita dasharath ki asha ram-van-gaman ke lie sadhana roop men paryapt thi, kintu usaki siddhi ke lie kaikeyi ki spriha, bharat ki rajy prapti evn munijanon ke darshan roop uttam sadhanon ka samuchchay kiya gaya hai.
(kh) asadyog - asath sadhanon ke yog ka samuchchay - "dhan joban bal agyata, moh mool ik ek. das milen char yon tahan, paise kah vivek".[9] yahan dhan aur yauvan adi charon ek ki prapti hi uchit-anuchit ke vivek-nash ke lie paryapt hai, kintu yahan charon asath sadhanon ka samuchchay kiya gaya hai.
(g) sadayadyog - srath tatha asath karanon ke yog ka samuchchay - "din ko duti mnd su chnd sarovar ko arabind bihin lakhavai.... khul rajasabha gat satahu ye lakhi kntak lau hiyamen chubhi javai"[10] isamen sath tatha asath donon prakar ke sadhanon ka samuchchay hai.

dvitiy samuchchay ke prakar

dvitiy samuchchay ke tin prakar hai-
(k) gun - ek se adhik gun (nirmalata, adhurata adi) ka samuchchay - "sundarata, suruta, prabhuta bhani bhooshan hot hai adar jamai".[11]
(kh) kriya - anek kriyaon ka samuchchay - "tab hi te dev dekho devata-si hnsati-si, khijhati si rijhati-si roosami risani-si.[12]
(g) gunakriya - arthath donon ka ek sath samuchchay - "ali too hi bat de is vijay bina mai kahan aj jaoon. dina hina adhina thaharakar jahan shanti doon aur paoon", yahan dina, hina, adhina adi gunon tatha 'doon' aur 'paoon' adi kriyaon ki ek hi kal men sthiti hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kavyalnkar, 7:19
  2. hindi sahity kosh, bhag 1 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 732 |
  3. kavy prabodhini, 10:116
  4. l. l., 277
  5. shi. bhoo., 254
  6. l. l., 271
  7. shi.bhri., 256
  8. ra. ch. ma. 2
  9. ka. ni., 15
  10. ruyyak se anu. kanhaiyalal poddar
  11. shi. bhoo.: 257
  12. ma. vi.

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