एकावली अलंकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ekavali alnkar ek shrinkhalamoolak arthalnkar hai, jisamen shrinkhala-roop men varnit padarthon men visheshy-visheshanabhav sambandh poorv-poorv visheshy, par-par visheshan, poorv-poorv visheshan, par-par visheshy, in do roopon men sthapit athava nishiddh kiya jata hai.[1] is alnkar ki yojana kavi keval chamatkar utpann karane ke lie karate hain. isamen kalpana ki udan ka vinodatmak roop hota hai.

  • rudrat dvara ullikhit is alnkar ko mammat ke[2] adhar par vishvanath isi roop men svikar karate hain-
"poorv poorv prati visheshan-tven parn paramh. sthapyateapohyate va cheth syattadaikavali dvidha".[3]
  • mammat tatha rudrat, donon ne sthapana aur nishedh ke roop men do bhed mane hain.
  • jayadev ne 'chandralok' men isako keval 'grihitamukt riti se visheshan-visheshy ke varnan kram" ke roop men mana hai.
  • hindi men jasavnt sinh ne 'kuvalayanand' ke adhar par isi ka anukaran kiya hai, par usaka vritti par dhyan n dene se lakshan spasht nahin hai.
  • hindi ke madhyayugin acharyon ne pray: jayadev ka anusaran kiya hai aur lakshan ke anusar ek hi udaharan diya hai.
  • matiram, bhooshan tatha padmakar ke lakshan saman hain-
"gahab tajab arthaliko jnh."[4] aur "ek arth lai chhodiye aur arth lai tahi. arth panti imi kahat hai."[5]

yahan visheshan shabd ka prayog samany roop men aise kisi shabd ke lie hua hai, jo kisi vastu ko any vastu se alag karata athava use vishishtata pradan karata hai. bhoj ne ise 'parikar' ke antargat svikar kiya tha. jagannath ke anusar 'maladipak' ko isaka bhed manana chahie.

  • nimnankit pnkti men rasakhan ne ekavali alnkar ka niyojan kiya hai-

va ras men rasakhan pagi rati rain jagi ankhiyan anumanai.
chnd pai bimb au binb pai kairav kairav pai mukatan pramanai.[6]

yahan nayika ke mukh, adhar aur netron ke angon ka ek ke bad ek karake shrinkhala roop men varnan hua hai. rat bhar jagaran ke karan nayika ki ankh lal ho gee hain. usake mukh par chandr par binb[7] hai, binb par kairav[8] hain aur 'kairav' par muktaen[9] hain. rasakhan ne 'ekavali' ka prayog ekadh sthalon par hi kiya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi sahity kosh, bhag 1 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 150 |
  2. kavyaprakash, 10: 131
  3. sahity darpan, 10: 78
  4. padmabharan, 175
  5. lalit lalam, 159
  6. sujan rasakhan, 119
  7. kundaroo- lal ankhon ki lalaee
  8. ankhon men safed kaue
  9. rat bhar jagane se jnbhaee lene par svat: nikal padane vali ansoo ki boonden

snbndhit lekh

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