bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

कला-संस्कृति और धर्म सामान्य ज्ञान 328  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- kala prangan, kala kosh, snskriti prangan, snskriti kosh, dharm prangan, dharm kosh

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1. nil nadi ki ghati men kaun-si sabhyata panapi hai?

sindhu sabhyata
chini sabhyata
mistr ki sabhyata
mesopotamiya ki sabhyata
mistr ki sabhyata ka vikas nil nadi ki droni men hua. nil nadi vishv ki is prachin sabhyata ka adhar thi. mistr ko 'nil nadi ka upahar' bhi kaha jata hai kyonki is nadi ke abhav men yah bhoo-bhag registan hota. mistr aphrika mahadvip men sthit hai. isaki samakalin sabhyataen sindhu ghati sabhyata (bharat) tatha mesopotamiya ki sabhyata (irak) thi.

2. rashtriy lalit kala akadami kis shahar men sthit hai?

munbee
dilli
lakhanoo
kolakata
lalit kala akadami svatntr bharat men gathit ek svayatt snstha hai jo 5 agast, 1954 ko bharat sarakar dvara sthapit ki gee. yah ek kendriy sngathan hai jo bharat sarakar dvara lalit kalaon ke kshetr men kary karane ke lie sthapit kiya gaya tha. isaka mukhyalay nee dilli ke rabindr bhavan men hai. isake atirikt bhuvaneshvar, chennee, gadhi (dilli), kolakatta, lakhanoo evn shimala men kshetriy karyalay hai. vartaman men daau. ashok vajapeyi (aprail, 2008-disnbar, 2011) isake adhyaksh the. vartaman men kalyan kumar chakravarti (12 pharavari, 2012 se) isake adhyaksh hain.dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen-: dilli

3. pal pothi chitron ka vishay kya hain?

pal rajaon ka jivan charit
navabon ka darabar
buddh ka jivan charit
chaitany mahaprabhu ka jivan charit
pal shaili ek pramukh bharatiy chitrakala shaili hai. 9vin se 12vin shatabdi tak bngal men pal vnsh ke shasakon dharmapal aur devapal ke shasanakal men vishesh roop se vikasit hone vali chitrakala 'pal shaili' thi. pal shaili ki vishay-vastu bauddh dharm se prabhavit rahi hai. is shaili men bauddh grnthon ke anek drishtant chitr banae ge. pothi chitran ka prarnbh isi shaili se hua. isase sambndhit any mahattvapoorn tathy nimn prakar hain- (1) pramukh sachitr pal pothiyon men prgyaparamila, sadhana mala, pnchashikha tatha karan dev guha mahayan bauddh pothiyan prapt hoti hain. (2) pal shaili ke samast chitr bauddh dharm evn darshan tatha grnthon men banae ge chitr mahayan ke bauddh devi-devataon, mahatma buddh ke jivan, bauddh tirthon tatha jatak kathaon se snbndhit hain. (3) dharmapal ne gnga ke kinare 'bhagalapur' men vishvavidyalay banavaya. (4) mahipal, pal vnsh ka pratibhashali samrat hua. usake samay anek pal pothiyon ka chitran hua. (5) is shaili ke adhikansh chitr pothiyon men hi prapt hain. (6) sphut chitr bngal ke pat chitr hain. in chitron ki shaili men ajnta ki parnpara vidyaman hai. (7) is shaili ke chitr ka sabase uttam udaharan mahatma buddh yog mudra men kamal par asin' (1807 ee.) hai. (8) pal pothiyon men sachitr upalabdh pothiyan hain- 'sadhanamala' 'gndhavyooh', 'karan devaguha', 'pnchashikha', 'mahayan bauddh pothiyan'.

4. mugal chitrakala kis mugal ke samay men vikasit huee thi?

babar
akabar
aurngajeb
humayoon
mugal saltanat ka snsthapak babar kala premi tha. kala ki abhiruchi humayoon ko pushtaini roop men mili. vah svayn uchchakoti ka kalakar tha aur apane darabar men anek kalakaron ko ashray dekar kala ki nirntar seva karata a raha tha. akabar ne apane pita se kala prem paya aur kalakaron ko bhi protsahit kiya. usane bade-bade kalakaron ko darabar men ashray diya aur uchit arth evn samman pradan karake chitrakala ki unnati ke lie protsahit kiya. is prakar lagabhag sau uchchakoti ke chitrakar akabar ke darabar ki shobha badhate the. akabar ke in chitrakaron ki prasiddhi eeran tatha yoorop tak phaili huee thi. unamen hindoo chitrakar adhik the. kala ke samuchit moolyankan aur kalakaron ko protsahit karane ke lie akabar ke darabar men prati saptah chitron ki pradarshani laga karati thi. akabar ke putr jahangir ne vnsh-parnpara se prapt kala ki virasat ko badi yogyata ke sath snbhala tatha usako samriddh bhi kiya kintu usake putr shahajahan ne apane poorvajon ki bhanti utkat kalapriyata nahin dikhaee. yadyapi usake darabar men bhi chitrakaron ka jamaghat laga rahata tha, phir bhi unamen n to vaisa utsah tha aur n kala ke prati vaisi svabhavik abhiruchi hi.dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen-: akabar

5. ajnta ki chaity gufa kya thi?

pooja-upasana ka sthan
bauddh bhikshuon ka nivas sthan
snan sthal
amod-pramod ka sthan
'chaity' ka shabdik arth hai- 'chita snbndhi'. shavadah ke pashchat bache hue avasheshon ko bhoomi men gadakar unake oopar jo samadhiyan banaee geen, unhin ko prarnbh men 'chaity' ya 'stoop' kaha gaya. in samadhiyon men mahapurushon ke dhatu avashesh surakshit the, at: chaity upasana ke kendr ban ge. kalantar men bauddhon ne inhen apani upasana ka kendr bana liya. chaityagrihon ke samip hi bhikshuon ke rahane ke lie avas banae ge jinhen 'vihar' kaha gaya.

apake kul ank hai 0 / 0

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan

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