मंत्रिपरिषद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kendriy mntriparishad

mntriparishad ka gathan pradhanamntri ki salah se rashtrapati karata hai. anuchchhed 74(1) yah upabndhit karata hai ki rashtrapati ko usake krityon ke snchalan evn shaktiyon ke prayog men sahayata aur mntrana dene ke lie ek mntriparishad hogi. mntriparishad pradhanamntri ke netritv men kary karati hai. sngh mntrimandal men hi karyapalika ki vastavik shakti nihit hai tatha rashtrapati sngh mntrimandal ki salah ke anusar apani shaktiyon ka prayog karata hai. mntrimandal desh ke prashasan, arthik sudhar, suraksha tatha videshi rajyon ke sambandh men niti ka nirdharan karata hai aur mntrimandal dvara nirdharit niti ke anusar hi sngh ka shasan snchalit hota hai.

gathan

sngh mntriparishad ka gathan pradhanamntri ki salah par rashtrapati ke dvara kiya jata hai. mntrimandal ka gathan kaibinet star ke mntriyon se hota hai. mool snvidhan men kaibinet shabd ka ullekh nahin kiya gaya tha, parantu bad men 44ven snvidhan snshodhan (1978 ee.) ke dvara anuchchhed 352 ke tahat kaibinet shabd ko sammilit kiya gaya. jab mntrimandal ke sadasyon ko unake karyon men sahayata dene ke lie rajy mntriyon aur upamntriyon ko niyukt kiya jata hai, tab inhen milakar mntrimandal ko mntriparishad ki sngya di jati hai.

star

mntriparishad tin stariy hota hai, arthat-

  1. kaibinet star ka mntri
  2. rajy star ka mntri
  3. upamntri

kaibinet star ka mntri apane vibhag ka adhyaksh hota hai tatha usaki sahayata ke lie rajyamntri tatha upamntri niyukti ki jati hai. rajyamntri ko kisi vibhag ka prabhar svaroop roop se saunpa ja sakata hai. sarakar ki niti ka nirnay matrimnndal ke sadasyon ke dvara kiya jata hai, lekin kisi vibhag ke sambandh men mntrimandal dvara niti nirdharan karate samay us vibhag ke rajyamntri ko vishesh amntrit ke roop men niti nirdharan karravaee men sammilit kiya ja sakata hai.

mntriyon ki snkhya

mool snvidhan men mntriparishad men sadasyon (mntriyon) ki snkhya nirdharit nahin thi. pradhanamntri apane vivekadhikar ke adhar par mntriparishad ke akar ko sunishchit karata tha. parantu 91ven snvidhan snshodhan, 2004 ke dvara yah nirdharit kiya gaya hai ki kendriy mntriparishad men pradhanamntri sahit mntriyon ki kul snkhya lokasabha ki kul sadasy snkhya ke 15 pratishat se adhik nahin hogi. is prakar pradhanamntri ab mntriparishad men sadasyon ki adhikatam snkhya ke mamale men apane vivek ka prayog nahin kar sakata hai.

sammilit hone vale vyakti

mntriparishad men unhin vyaktiyon ko shamil kiya jata hai, jo snsad ke sadasy hote hain. lekin snsad sadasy n hone vale vyakti ko bhi mntriparishad men shamil kiya ja sakata hai. yadi aise vyakti ko mntriparishad men shamil kiya jata hai to use 6 mah ke andar snsad ke kisi sadan ka sadasy nirvachit hona padata hai. parantu snvidhan men yah vyavastha nahin di gayi hai ki aisa vyakti istifa dekar pun: mntriparishad ka sadasy ban sakata hai ya nahin. sarakar ke is aspasht pravadhan ka labh uthate hue us vyakti ko pun: mntriparishad men shamil kar liya jata tha. ab 16 agast, 2001 ko sarvochch nyayalay ne ek mahattvapoorn nirnay dete hue vyavastha di ki vidhayika ka sadasy nirvachit hue bina koee bhi vyakti 6 mahine se adhik mntri pad dharan nahin kar sakata. yadi is vyakti ko 6 mahine ke bad vidhayika ke usi satr men mntri pad par dobara bahal kiya jata hai to avashyak hai ki vah chunav jit kar sadan ka sadasy bane. yadi mntri pad par asin gair nirvachit vyakti diye gaye 6 mahine ki avadhi men chunav jitane men asaphal rahata hai aur us vyakti ko dobara mntri pad par bahal kiya jata hai to yah snvidhan ke anuchchhed 164(1) aur 164(4) ki yojana par aghat jaisa hoga.

vetan evn bhatte

10 janavari, 2008 ko liye gaye ek mahattvapoorn nirnay ke anusar kaibinet star ke mntri ka vetan 65,000 rupaye masik nirdharit kiya gaya hai. isake atirikt unake rahane ke lie sarakari avas tatha jab ve sarakari kary ke lie bahar jate hain to yatra bhatta bhi milata hai.

kary

sngh mntrimandal men hi karyapalika ki vastavik shakti nihit hai tatha rashtrapati sngh mntrimandal ki salah ke anusar apani shaktiyon ka prayog karata hai. mntrimandal desh ke prashasan, arthik sudhar, suraksha tatha videshi rajyon ke sambandh men niti ka nirdharan karata hai aur mntrimandal dvara nirdharit niti ke anusar hi sngh ka shasan snchalit hota hai.

uttaradayitv

sngh mntriparishad samoohik roop se lokasabha ke prati uttaradayi hota hai tatha mntriparishad ka pratyek sadasy mntrimandal ke nirnay ke lie uttaradayi hota hai. isake atirikt mntri apane vibhag ke adhikariyon ke kary ke lie bhi snsad ke prati uttaradayi hota hai. koee bhi mntri apane vibhag ke karyon ke dayitv se adhikariyon par dosh lagakar bach nahin sakata hai. mntri ke vibhag ke mamalon ke sambandh men snsad men usase prashn poochha ja sakata hai, jisaka uttar mntri ko dena padata hai, lekin kabhi-kabhi vah lokahit athava gopaniyata ke adhar par uttar dene se inkar kar sakata hai. is prakar se mntri ka dohara uttaradayitv hai. apane vibhag ke lie vah vyaktigat roop se uttaradayi hai. jabaki any mntriyon ke vibhagon ke lie any mntriyon ke sath samoohik roop se uttadayi hai.

sngh ke mntralay evn vibhag

sngh ke mntralay evn vibhag
kramank mntralay evn vibhag
(1) krishi mntralay
(k) krishi tatha sahakarita vibhag
(kh) krishi anusndhan aur shiksha vibhag
(g) pashupalan, deyari aur matsyapalan vibhag
(2) vanijy aur udyog mntralay
(k) vanijy vibhag
(kh) audyogik niti aur snvarddhan vibhag
(3) snchar aur soochana praudyagiki mntralay
(k) dak vibhag
(kh) door snchar vibhag
(g) raksha anusndhan tatha vikas vibhag
(4) raksha mntrayalay
(k) raksha vibhag
(kh) raksha utpadan tatha apoorti vibhag
(g) raksha anusndhan tatha vikas vibhag
(5) koyala mntralay
(6) paryavaran tatha van mntralay
(7) videsh mntralay
(8) vitt mntralay
(k) arthik kary vibhag
(kh) vyay vibhag
(g) vinivesh vibhag
(gh) rajasv vibhag
(d) vittiy sevaen vibhag
(9) upabhokta mamale, khady aur sarvajanik vitaran mntralay
(k) khady aur sarvajanik vitaran vibhag
(kh) upabhokta mamale vibhag
(10) svasthy evn parivar kalyan mntralay
(k) svasthy aur parivar kalyan vibhag
(kh) bharatiy chikitsa paddhati evn homiyopaithi vibhag (ayush)
(11) grih mntralay
(k) antarik suraksha vibhag
(kh) rajy vibhag
(g) rajabhasha vibhag
(gh) grih vibhag
(d) jammoo kashmir vibhag
(ch) sima prabndhan vibhag
(12) manav snsadhan vikas mntralay
(k) skool shiksha aur saksharata vibhag
(kh) uchchatar shiksha vibhag
(13) bhari udyog aur lok udyam mntralay
(k) bhari udyog vibhag
(kh) lok udyam vibhag
(14) soochana aur prasaran mntralay
(15) shram aur rozagar mntralay
(16) vidhi aur nyay vibhag
(k) vidhi kary vibhag
(kh) vidhayi vibhag
(g) nyay vibhag
(17) snsadiy kary mntralay
(18) karmik, sarvajanik shikayat tatha penshan mntralay
(k) karmik tatha prashikshan vibhag
(kh) prashasanik sudhar tatha sarvajanik shikayat vibhag
(19) petroliyam tatha prakritik gais mntralay
(20) yojana mntralay
(21) shahari avas aur shahari garibi upashaman mntralay
(22) vigyan aur praudyogiki mntralay
(k) vigyan aur praudyogiki vibhag
(kh) vigyan tatha audyogik vikas vibhag
(g) bayo-taiknolaauji vibhag
(23) ispat mntralay
(24) nagar vimanan mntralay
(25) rasayan aur urvarak mntralay
(k) rasayan aur petro-rasayan vibhag
(kh) urvarak vibhag
(26) gramin vikas mntralay
(k) gramin vikas vibhag
(kh) bhoomi snrakshan vibhag
(g) peyajal apoorti vibhag
(27) vastr mntralay
(28) khady prasnskaran udyog mntralay
(29) navin evn navikaraniy oorja mntralay
(30) pot parivahan, sadak parivahan aur rajamarg mntralay
(k) pot parivahan vibhag
(kh) sadak parivahan aur rajamarg vibhag
(31) rel mntralay
(32) vidyut mntralay
(33) paryatan mntralay
(34) samajik nyay aur adhikarita mntralay
(35) jal snsadhan mntralay
(36) paramanu oorja vibhag
(37) antariksh vibhag
(38) sankhyiki aur karyakram karyanvayan mntralay
(39) janajati kary mntralay
(40) yuva karyakram aur khel mntralay
(41) mntrimandal sachivalay
(42) rashtrapati ka sachivalay
(43) pradhanamntri karyalay
(44) yojana ayog
(45) sookshm, laghu aur madhyam adyam mntralay
(46) uttar poorvi kshetr vikas mntralay
(47) snskriti mntralay
(48) nigam (karaporet) kary mntralay
(49) pravasi bharatiyon ke mamalon ko mntralay
(50) khan mntralay
(51) bhoo-vigyan mntralay
(52) alpasnkhyak kary mntralay
(53) pnchayati raj mntralay
(54) shahari vikas mntralay
(55) mahila aur bal vikas mntralay

sngh mntralay men anek vibhag hain, jinaki snkhya samayanusar parivartit hoti rahati hai. 15 agast, 1947 ee. ko sngh mntralayon ki snkhya 18 thi, jise 13 sitambar, 2008 ko badhakar 55 kar diya gaya.

mntriparishad ki padavadhi

mntriparishad tab tak apane pad par bana rahata hai, jab tak ki use lokasabha se bahumat prapt rahata hai tatha lokasabha ke naye chunav ke bad naye mntrimandal ka gathan nahin ho jata. mntriparishad ka koee bhi sadasy pradhanamntri ke sath matabhed hone ke karan tyagapatr de sakata hai ya pradhanamntri rashtrapati se sifarish kar use barkhast kar sakata hai. yadi koee mntri snsad ka sadasy nahin rah jata, to use tyagapatr dena padata hai. lekin koee mntri snsad ka sadasy n rahate hue bhi mntri ke pad par rah sakata hai, basharte vah 6 mahine ke bhitar snsad ke kisi sadan ka sadasy ban jae. yadi mntriparishad lokasabha men vishvas ka mat prapt karane men asaphal rahane ke bavajood tyagapatr nahin deta, to use rashtrapati barkhast kar sakata hai.

yoo. en. rav banam indira gandhi mamale men uchch nyayalay ne yah abhinirdharit kiya hai ki lokasabha ke vighatan ho jane par bhi mntrimandal samapt nahin hoga aur vah rashtrapati ko salah deta rahega. yadi rashtrapati mntrimandal ki salah ke bina kary karata hai to vah anuchchhed 53(1) ke viparit hoga. kendr men karyavahak sarakar ka upabndh nahin kiya gaya hai. at: jo mntrimandal pahale se hi kary kar raha hota hai, lokasabha ke vighatan ki sthiti men bhi vah poorn mntrimandal hota hai. isaka astitv tab tak bana rahata hai, jab tak ki nee lokasabha ke gathan ke pashchath nee mntriparishad karyabhar grahan nahin kar leti.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah