विधान मंडल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vidhan sabha tatha vidhan parishad milakar vidhan mndal kahalate hain. bharatiy snvidhan ke anusar rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon ka gathan is prakar kiya jata hai

  • (1) pratyek rajy ke lie ek vidhan-mndal hoga, jo rajyapal aur-
  • (2) jahan kisi rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke do sadan hain, vahan ek ka nam vidhan parishad aur doosare ka nam vidhan sabha hoga aur jahan keval ek sadan hai, vahan usaka nam vidhan sabha hoga.
169. rajyon men vidhan parishadon ka utsadan ya srijan-
  • (1) anuchchhed 168 men kisi bat ke hote hue bhi snsad vidhi dvara kisi vidhan parishad vale rajy men vidhan parishad ke utsadan ke lie ya aise rajy men, jisamen vidhan parishad nahin hai, vidhan parishad ke srijan ke lie upabndh kar sakegi, yadi us rajy ki vidhan sabha ne is ashay ka snkalp vidhan sabha ki kul sadasy snkhya ke bahumat dvara tatha upasthit aur mat dene vale sadasyon ki snkhya ke kam se kam do-tihaee bahumat dvara parit kar diya hai.
  • (2) khnd (1) men vinirdisht kisi vidhi men is snvidhan ke snshodhan ke lie aise upabndh antarvisht honge, jo us vidhi ke upabndhon ko prabhavi karane ke lie avashyak hon tatha aise anupoorak, anushngik aur parinamik upabndh bhi antarvisht ho sakenge, jinhen snsad avashyak samajhe.
  • (3) poorvokt prakar ki koee vidhi anuchchhed 368 ke prayojanon ke lie is snvidhan ka snshodhan nahin samajhi jaegi.
170. vidhan sabhaon ki snrachana-
  • (1) anuchchhed 333 ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, pratyek rajy ki vidhan sabha us rajy men pradeshik nirvachan-kshetron se pratyaksh nirvachan dvara chune hue panch sau se anadhik aur sath se anyoon sadasyon se milakar banegi.
  • (2) khnd (1) ke prayojanon ke lie, pratyek rajy ko pradeshik nirvachan-kshetron men aisi riti se vibhajit kiya jaega ki pratyek nirvachan-kshetr ki janasnkhya ka usako abntit sthanon ki snkhya se anupat samast rajy men yathasadhy ek hi ho.[9]
spashtikaran[10]-

is khnd men "janasnkhya" pad se aisi antim poorvavarti janaganana men abhinishchit ki gee janasnkhya abhipret hai, jisake susngat ankade prakashit ho ge hain, parntu is spashtikaran men antim poorvavarti janaganana ke prati jisake susngat ankade prakashit ho ge hain, nirdesh ka, jab tak san 2026[11] ke pashchath ki gee pahali janaganana ke susngat ankade prakashit nahin ho jate hain, yah arth lagaya jaega ki vah 2001[12] [13] ki janaganana ke pratinirdesh hai.

  • (3) pratyek janaganana ki samapti par pratyek rajy ki vidhan sabha men sthanon ki kul snkhya aur pratyek rajy ke pradeshik nirvachan kshetron men vibhajan ka aise pradhikari dvara aur aisi riti se pun:samayojan kiya jaega jo snsad vidhi dvara avadharit kare, parntu aise pun: samayojan se vidhan sabha men pratinidhitv pad par tab tak koee prabhav nahin padega, jab tak us samay vidyaman vidhan sabha ka vighatan nahin ho jata hai, [14]parntu yah aur ki aisa pun: samayojan us tarikh se prabhavi hoga, jo rashtrapati adesh dvara vinirdisht kare aur aise pun: samayojan ke prabhavi hone tak vidhan sabha ke lie koee nirvachan un pradeshik nirvachan-kshetron ke adhar par ho sakega, jo aise pun: samayojan ke pahale vidyaman hain, parntu yah aur bhi ki jab tak san 2026[15] ke pashchath ki gee pahali janaganana ke susngat ankade prakashit nahin ho jate hain, tab tak is khnd ke adhin,-

(i) pratyek rajy ki vidhan sabha men 1971 ki janaganana ke adhar par pun: samayojit sthanon ki kul snkhya ka, aur
(ii) aise rajy ke pradeshik nirvachan-kshetron men vibhajan ka, jo 2001[16] ki janaganana ke adhar par pun: samayojit kie jaen, pun: samayojan avashyak nahin hoga.[17]

171. vidhan parishadon ki snrachana-
  • (1) vidhan parishad vale rajy ki vidhan parishad ke sadasyon ki kul snkhya us rajy ki vidhan sabha ke sadasyon ki kul snkhya ke ek-tihaee[18] se adhik nahin hogi, parntu kisi rajy ki vidhan parishad ke sadasyon ki kul snkhya kisi bhi dasha men chalis se kam nahin hogi.
  • (2) jab tak snsad vidhi dvara anyatha upabndh n kare, tab tak kisi rajy ki vidhan parishad ki snrachana khnd (3) men upabndhit riti se hogi.
  • (3) kisi rajy ki vidhan parishad ke sadasyon ki kul snkhya ka-
    • (k) yathashaky nikatatam ek-tihaee bhag us rajy ki nagarapalikaon, zila bordon aur any aise sthaniy pradhikariyon ke, jo snsad vidhi dvara vinirdisht kare, sadasyon se milakar banane vale nirvachak-mndalon dvara nirvachit hoga.
    • (kh) yathashaky nikatatam barahavan bhag us rajy men nivas karane vale aise vyaktiyon se milakar banane vale nirvachak-mndalon dvara nirvachit hoga, jo bharat ke rajyakshetr men kisi vishvavidyalay ke kam se kam tin varsh se snatak hain ya jinake pas kam se kam tin varsh se aisi arhataen hain, jo snsad dvara banaee gee kisi vidhi ya usake adhin aise kisi vishvavidyalay ke snatak ki arhataon ke samatuly vihit ki gee hon.
    • (g) yathashaky nikatatam barahavan bhag aise vyaktiyon se milakar banane vale nirvachak-mndalon dvara nirvachit hoga, jo rajy ke bhitar madhyamik pathashalaon se animn star ki aisi shiksha snsthaon men, jo snsad dvara banaee gee kisi vidhi dvara ya usake adhin vihit ki jaen, padhane ke kam men kam se kam tin varsh se lage hue hain.
    • (gh) yathashaky nikatatam ek-tihaee bhag rajy ki vidhan sabha ke sadasyon dvara aise vyaktiyon men se nirvachit hoga, jo vidhan sabha ke sadasy nahin hain.
    • (n) shesh sadasy rajyapal dvara khnd (5) ke upabndhon ke anusar namanirdeshit kie jaenge.
  • (4) khnd (3) ke upakhnd (k), upakhnd (kh) aur upakhnd (g) ke adhin nirvachit hone vale sadasy aise pradeshik nirvachan-kshetron men chune jaenge, jo snsad dvara banaee gee vidhi dvara ya usake adhin vihit kie jaen tatha ukt upakhndon ke aur ukt khnd ke upakhnd (gh) ke adhin nirvachan anupatik pratinidhitv paddhati ke anusar ekal snkramaniy mat dvara honge.
  • (5) rajyapal dvara khnd (3) ke upakhnd (n) ke adhin namanirdeshit kie jane vale sadasy aise vyakti honge, jinhen nimnalikhit vishayon ke snbndh men vishesh gyan ya vyavaharik anubhav hai, arthat sahity, vigyan, kala, sahakari andolan aur samaj seva.
172. rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon ki avadhi-
  • (1) pratyek rajy ki pratyek vidhan sabha, yadi pahale hi vighatit nahin kar di jati hai to, apane pratham adhiveshan ke lie niyat tarikh se panch varsh[19] tak bani rahegi, isase adhik nahin aur panch varsh[20] ki ukt avadhi ki samapti ka parinam vidhan sabha ka vighatan hoga, parntu ukt avadhi ko, jab apat ki udghoshana pravartan men hai, tab snsad vidhi dvara aisi avadhi ke lie badha sakegi, jo ek bar men ek varsh se adhik nahin hogi aur udghoshana ke pravartan men n rah jane ke pashchath kisi bhi dasha men usaka vistar chhah mas ki avadhi se adhik nahin hoga.
  • (2) rajy ki vidhan parishad ka vighatan nahin hoga, kintu usake sadasyon men se yathasnbhav nikatatam ek-tihaee sadasy snsad dvara vidhi dvara is nimitt banae ge upabndhon ke anusar, pratyek dvitiy varsh ki samapti par yathashaky shighr nivritt ho jaenge.
173. rajy ke vidhan-mndal ki sadasyata ke lie arhata-

koee vyakti kisi rajy men vidhan-mndal ke kisi sthan ko bharane ke lie chune jane ke lie arhit tabhi hoga jab-

  • (k) vah bharat ka nagarik hai aur nirvachan ayog dvara is nimitt pradhikrit kisi vyakti ke samaksh tisari anusoochi men is prayojan ke lie die ge praroop ke anusar shapath leta hai ya pratigyan karata hai aur us par apane hastakshar karata hai.[21]
  • (kh) vah vidhan sabha ke sthan ke lie kam se kam pachchis varsh ki ayu ka aur vidhan parishad ke sthan ke lie kam se kam tis varsh ki ayu ka hai.
  • (g) usake pas aisi any arhataen hain, jo is nimitt snsad dvara banaee gee kisi vidhi dvara ya usake adhin vihit ki jaen.
174. rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke satr, satravasan aur vighatan[22]-
  • (1) rajyapal samay-samay par rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya pratyek sadan ko aise samay aur sthan par, jo vah thik samajhe, adhiveshan ke lie ahoot karega, kintu usake ek satr ki antim baithak aur agami satr ki pratham baithak ke lie niyat tarikh ke bich chhah mas ka antar nahin hoga.
  • (2) rajyapal samay-samay par-
    • (k) sadan ka ya kisi sadan ka satravasan kar sakega.
    • (kh) vidhan sabha ka vighatan kar sakega.
175. sadan ya sadanon men abhibhashan ka aur unako sndesh bhejane ka rajyapal ka adhikar-
  • (1) rajyapal vidhan sabha men ya vidhan parishad vale rajy ki dasha men us rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi ek sadan men ya ek sath samavet donon sadanon men, abhibhashan kar sakega aur is prayojan ke lie sadasyon ki upasthiti ki apeksha kar sakega.
  • (2) rajyapal, rajy ke vidhan-mndal men us samay lnbit kisi vidheyak ke snbndh men sndesh ya koee any sndesh, us rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya sadanon ko bhej sakega aur jis sadan ko koee sndesh is prakar bheja gaya hai, vah sadan us sndesh dvara vichar karane ke lie apekshit vishay par suvidhanusar shighrata se vichar karega.
176. rajyapal ka vishesh abhibhashan-
  • (1) rajyapal, vidhan sabha ke lie pratyek sadharan nirvachan ke pashchath pratham satr ke arnbh men aur pratyek varsh ke pratham satr ke arnbh men[23] vidhan sabha men ya vidhan parishad vale rajy ki dasha men ek sath samavet donon sadanon men abhibhashan karega aur vidhan-mndal ko usake ahvan ke karan bataega.
  • (2) sadan ya pratyek sadan ki prakriya ka viniyaman karane vale niyamon dvara aise abhibhashan men nirdisht vishyon ki charcha ke lie samay niyat karane ke lie (***)[24] upabndh kiya jaega.
177. sadanon ke bare men mntriyon aur mahadhivakta ke adhikar-

pratyek mntri aur rajy ke mahadhivakta ko yah adhikar hoga ki vah us rajy ki vidhan sabha men ya vidhan parishad vale rajy ki dasha men donon sadanon men bole aur unaki karyavahiyon men anyatha bhag le aur vidhan-mndal ki kisi samiti men, jisamen usaka nam sadasy ke roonp men diya gaya hai, bole aur usaki karyavahiyon men anyatha bhag le, kintu is anuchchhed ke adhar par vah mat dene ka hakadar nahin hoga.

rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke adhikari

178. vidhan sabha ka adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh-

pratyek rajy ki vidhan sabha, yathashaky shighr apane do sadasyon ko apana adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh chunegi aur jab-jab adhyaksh ya upadhyaksh ka pad rikt hota hai, tab-tab vidhan sabha kisi any sadasy ko, yathasthiti, adhyaksh ya upadhyaksh chunegi.

179. adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh ka pad rikt hona, padatyag aur pad se hataya jana-

vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh ya upadhyaksh ke roonp men pad dharan karane vala sadasy-

  • (k) yadi vidhan sabha ka sadasy nahin rahata hai to apana pad rikt kar dega.
  • (kh) kisi bhi samay, yadi vah sadasy adhyaksh hai to upadhyaksh ko snbodhit aur yadi vah sadasy upadhyaksh hai to adhyaksh ko snbodhit apane hastakshar sahit lekh dvara apana pad tyag sakega.
  • (g) vidhan sabha ke tatkalin samast sadasyon ke bahumat se parit snkalp dvara apane pad se hataya ja sakega, parntu khnd (g) ke prayojan ke lie koee snkalp tab tak prastavit nahin kiya jaega, jab tak ki us snkalp ko prastavit karane ke ashay ki kam se kam chaudah din ki soochana n de di gee ho, parntu yah aur ki jab kabhi vidhan sabha ka vighatan kiya jata hai to vighatan ke pashchath hone vale vidhan sabha ke pratham adhiveshan ke thik pahale tak adhyaksh apane pad ko rikt nahin karega.
180. adhyaksh ke pad ke kartavyon ka palan karane ya adhyaksh ke roonp men kary karane ki upadhyaksh ya any vyakti ki shakti-
  • (1) jab adhyaksh ka pad rikt hai to upadhyaksh ya yadi upadhyaksh ka pad bhi rikt hai to vidhan sabha ka aisa sadasy, jisako rajyapal is prayojan ke lie niyukt kare, us pad ke kartavyon ka palan karega.
  • (2) vidhan sabha ki kisi baithak se adhyaksh ki anupasthiti men upadhyaksh ya yadi vah bhi anupasthit hai to aisa vyakti, jo vidhan sabha ki prakriya ke niyamon dvara avadharit kiya jae ya yadi aisa koee vyakti upasthit nahin hai to aisa any vyakti, jo vidhan sabha dvara avadharit kiya jae, adhyaksh ke roonp men kary karega.
181. jab adhyaksh ya upadhyaksh ko pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vicharadhin hai, tab usaka pithasin n hona-
  • (1) vidhan sabha ki kisi baithak men, jab adhyaksh ko usake pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vicharadhin hai, tab adhyaksh ya jab upadhyaksh ko usake pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vicharadhin hai, tab upadhyaksh, upasthit rahane par bhi, pithasin nahin hoga aur anuchchhed 180 ke khnd (2) ke upabndh aisi pratyek baithak ke snbndh men vaise hi lagoo honge, jaise vah us baithak ke snbndh men lagoo hote hain, jisase, yathasthiti, adhyaksh ya upadhyaksh anupasthit hai.
  • (2) jab adhyaksh ko usake pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vidhan sabha men vicharadhin hai, tab usako vidhan sabha men bolane aur usaki karyavahiyon men anyatha bhag lene ka adhikar hoga aur vah anuchchhed 189 men kisi bat ke hote hue bhi, aise snkalp par ya aisi karyavahiyon ke dauran kisi any vishay par prathamat: hi mat dene ka hakadar hoga, kintu mat barabar hone ki dasha men mat dene ka hakadar nahin hoga.
182. vidhan parishad ka sabhapati aur upasabhapati-

vidhan parishad vale pratyek rajy ki vidhan parishad, yathashighr, apane do sadasyon ko apana sabhapati aur upasabhapati chunegi aur jab-jab sabhapati ya upasabhapati ka pad rikt hota hai, tab-tab parishad kisi any sadasy ko, yathasthiti, sabhapati ya upasabhapati chunegi.

183. sabhapati aur upasabhapati ka pad rikt hona, padatyag aur pad se hataya jana-

vidhan parishad ke sabhapati ya upasabhapati ke roonp men pad dharan karane vala sadasy-

  • (k) yadi vidhan parishad ka sadasy nahin rahata hai to apana pad rikt kar dega.
  • (kh) kisi bhi samay, yadi vah sadasy sabhapati hai to upasabhapati ko snbodhit aur yadi vah sadasy upasabhapati hai to sabhapati ko snbodhit apane hastakshar sahit lekh dvara apana pad tyag sakega.
  • (g) vidhan parishad ke tatkalin samast sadasyon ke bahumat se parit snkalp dvara apane pad se hataya ja sakega, parntu khnd (g) ke prayojan ke lie koee snkalp tab tak prastavit nahin kiya jaega, jab tak ki us snkalp ko prastavit karane ke ashay ki kam se kam chaudah din ki soochana n de di gee ho.
184. sabhapati ke pad ke kartavyon ka palan karane ya sabhapati ke roonp men kary karane ki upasabhapati ya any vyakti ki shakti-
  • (1) jab sabhapati ka pad rikt hai, tab upasabhapati, yadi upasabhapati ka pad bhi rikt hai to vidhan parishad ka aisa sadasy, jisako rajyapal is prayojan ke lie niyukt kare, us pad ke kartavyon ka palan karega.
  • (2) vidhan parishad ki kisi baithak se sabhapati ki anupasthiti men upasabhapati, ya yadi vah bhi anupasthit hai to aisa vyakti, jo vidhan parishad ki prakriya ke niyamon dvara avadharit kiya jae, ya yadi aisa koee vyakti upasthit nahin hai to aisa any vyakti, jo vidhan parishad dvara avadharit kiya jae, sabhapati ke roonp men kary karega.
185. jab sabhapati ya upasabhapati ko pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vicharadhin hai, tab usaka pithasin n hona-
  • (1) vidhan parishad ki kisi baithak men, jab sabhapati ko usake pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vicharadhin hai, tab sabhapati ya jab upasabhapati ko usake pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vicharadhin hai, tab upasabhapati, upasthit rahane par bhi pithasin nahin hoga aur anuchchhed 184 ke khnd (2) ke upabndh aisi pratyek baithak ke snbndh men vaise hi lagoo honge, jaise ve us baithak ke snbndh men lagoo hote hain, jisase yathasthiti, sabhapati ya upasabhapati anupasthit hai.
  • (2) jab sabhapati ko usake pad se hatane ka koee snkalp vidhan parishad men vicharadhin hai, tab usako vidhan parishad men bolane aur usaki karyavahiyon men anyatha bhag lene ka adhikar hoga aur vah anuchchhed 189 men kisi bat ke hote hue bhi, aise snkalp par ya aisi karyavahiyon ke dauran kisi any vishay par prathamat: hi mat dene ka hakadar hoga, kintu mat barabar hone ki dasha men mat dene ka hakadar nahin hoga.
186. adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh tatha sabhapati aur upasabhapati ke vetan aur bhatte-

vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh ko tatha vidhan parishad ke sabhapati aur upasabhapati ko, aise vetan aur bhatton ka, jo rajy ka vidhan-mndal, vidhi dvara, niyat kare aur jab tak is nimitt is prakar upabndh nahin kiya jata hai, tab tak aise vetan aur bhatton ka jo doosari anusoochi men vinirdisht hain, snday kiya jaega.

187. rajy ke vidhan-mndal ka sachivalay-
  • (1) rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ka ya pratyek sadan ka prithakh sachiviy karmacharivrind hoga, parntu vidhan parishad vale rajy ke vidhan-mndal ki dasha men, is khnd ki kisi bat ka yah arth nahin lagaya jaega ki vah aise vidhan-mndal ke donon sadanon ke lie sammilit padon ke srijan ko nivarit karati hai.
  • (2) rajy ka vidhan-mndal, vidhi dvara, rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya sadanon ke sachiviy karmacharivrind men bharti ka aur niyukt vyaktiyon ki seva ki sharton ka viniyaman kar sakega.
  • (3) jab tak rajy ka vidhan-mndal khnd (2) ke adhin upabndh nahin karata hai, tab tak rajyapal, yathasthiti, vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh ya vidhan parishad ke sabhapati se paramarsh karane ke pashchath vidhan sabha ke ya vidhan parishad ke sachiviy karmacharivrind men bharti ke aur niyukt vyaktiyon ki seva ki sharton ke viniyaman ke lie niyam bana sakega aur is prakar banae ge niyam ukt khnd ke adhin banaee gee kisi vidhi ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, prabhavi honge.

kary snchalan

188. sadasyon dvara shapath ya pratigyan-

rajy ki vidhan sabha ya vidhan parishad ka pratyek sadasy apana sthan grahan karane se pahale, rajyapal ya usake dvara is nimitt niyukt vyakti ke samaksh, tisari anusoochi men is prayojan ke lie die ge praroonp ke anusar, shapath lega ya pratigyan karega aur us par apane hastakshar karega.

189. sadanon men matadan, riktiyon ke hote hue bhi sadanon ki kary karane ki shakti aur ganapoorti-
  • (1) is snvidhan men yatha anyatha upabndhit ke sivay, kisi rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ki baithak men sabhi prashnon ka avadharan, adhyaksh ya sabhapati ko athava us roonp men kary karane vale vyakti ko chhodakar, upasthit aur mat dene vale sadasyon ke bahumat se kiya jaega. adhyaksh ya sabhapati, athava us roonp men kary karane vala vyakti prathamat: mat nahin dega, kintu mat barabar hone ki dasha men usaka nirnayak mat hoga aur vah usaka prayog karega.
  • (2) rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ki sadasyata men koee rikti hone par bhi, us sadan ko kary karane ki shakti hogi aur yadi bad men yah pata chalata hai ki koee vyakti, jo aisa karane ka hakadar nahin tha, karyavahiyon men upasthit raha hai ya usane mat diya hai ya anyatha bhag liya hai to bhi rajy ke vidhan-mndal ki karyavahi vidhimany hogi.
  • (3) jab tak rajy ka vidhan-mndal vidhi dvara anyatha upabndh n kare, tab tak rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ka adhiveshan gathit karane ke lie ganapoorti das sadasy ya sadan ke sadasyon ki kul snkhya ka dasavan bhag, isamen se jo bhi adhik ho, hogi.
  • (4) yadi rajy ki vidhan sabha ya vidhan parishad ke adhiveshan men kisi samay ganapoorti nahin hai to adhyaksh ya sabhapati athava us roonp men kary karane vale vyakti ka yah kartavy hoga ki vah sadan ko sthagit kar de ya adhiveshan ko tab tak ke lie nilnbit kar de, jab tak ganapoorti nahin ho jati hai.

sadasyon ki nirarhataen

190. sthanon ka rikt hona-
  • (1) koee vyakti rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke donon sadanon ka sadasy nahin hoga aur jo vyakti donon sadanon ka sadasy chun liya jata hai, usake ek ya doosare sadan ke sthan ko rikt karane ke lie us rajy ka vidhan-mndal vidhi dvara upabndh karega.
  • (2) koee vyakti pahali anusoochi men vinirdisht do ya adhik rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon ka sadasy nahin hoga aur yadi koee vyakti do ya adhik aise rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon ka sadasy chun liya jata hai to aisi avadhi ki samapti ke pashchath jo rashtrapati dvara banae ge niyamon[25] men vinirdisht ki jae, aise sabhi rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon men aise vyakti ka sthan rikt ho jaega, yadi usane ek rajy ko chhodakar any rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon men apane sthan ko pahale hi nahin tyag diya hai.
  • (3) yadi rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ka sadasy-
    • (k) anuchchhed 191 ke khnd (2)[26] men varnit kisi nirarhata se grast ho jata hai, ya
    • (kh) yathasthiti, adhyaksh ya sabhapati ko snbodhit apane hastakshar sahit lekh dvara apane sthan ka tyag kar deta hai aur usaka tyagapatr, yathasthiti, adhyaksh ya sabhapati dvara svikar kar liya jata hai[27] to aisa hone par usaka sthan rikt ho jaega, parntu upakhnd (kh) men nirdisht tyagapatr ki dasha men, yadi prapt janakari se ya anyatha aur aisi janch karane ke pashchath, jo vah thik samajhe, yathasthiti, adhyaksh ya sabhapati ka yah samadhan ho jata hai ki aisa tyagapatr svaichchhik ya asali nahin hai to vah aise tyagapatr ko svikar nahin karega.[28]
  • (4) yadi kisi rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ka sadasy sath din ki avadhi tak sadan ki anugya ke bina usake sabhi adhiveshanon se anupasthit rahata hai to sadan usake sthan ko rikt ghoshit kar sakega, parntu sath din ki ukt avadhi ki snganana karane men kisi aisi avadhi ko hisab men nahin liya jaega, jisake dauran sadan satravasit ya nirntar char se adhik dinon ke lie sthagit rahata hai.
191. sadasyata ke lie nirarhataen-
  • (1) koee vyakti kisi rajy ki vidhan sabha ya vidhan parishad ka sadasy chune jane ke lie aur sadasy hone ke lie nirarhit hoga-
    • (k) yadi vah bharat sarakar ke ya pahali anusoochi men vinirdisht kisi rajy ki sarakar ke adhin, aise pad ko chhodakar jisako dharan karane vale ka nirarhit n hona rajy ke vidhan-mndal ne vidhi dvara ghoshit kiya hai, koee labh ka pad dharan karata hai.
    • (kh) yadi vah vikritachitt hai aur saksham nyayalay ki aisi ghoshana vidyaman hai.
    • (g) yadi vah anunmochit divaliya hai.
    • (gh) yadi vah bharat ka nagarik nahin hai ya usane kisi videshi rajy ki nagarikata svechchha se arjit kar li hai ya vah kisi videshi rajy ke prati nishtha ya anushakti ko abhisvikar kie hue hai.
    • (n) yadi vah snsad dvara banaee gee kisi vidhi dvara ya usake adhin is prakar nirarhit kar diya jata hai.


spashtikaran - is khnd ke prayojanon ke lie[29] koee vyakti keval is karan bharat sarakar ke ya pahali anusoochi men vinirdisht kisi rajy ki sarakar ke adhin labh ka pad dharan karane vala nahin samajha jaega ki vah sngh ka ya aise rajy ka mntri hai.

  • (2) koee vyakti kisi rajy ki vidhan sabha ya vidhan parishad ka sadasy hone ke lie nirarhit hoga, yadi vah dasavin anusoochi ke adhin is prakar nirarhit ho jata hai.[30]
192. sadasyon ki nirarhataon se snbndhit prashnon par vinishchay-
  • (1) yadi yah prashn uthata hai ki kisi rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ka koee sadasy anuchchhed 191 ke khnd (1) men varnit kisi nirarhata se grast ho gaya hai ya nahin to vah prashn rajyapal ko vinishchay ke lie nirdeshit kiya jaega aur usaka vinishchay antim hoga.
  • (2) aise kisi prashn par vinishchay karane se pahale rajyapal nirvachan ayog ki ray lega aur aisi ray ke anusar kary karega.[31]
193. anuchchhed 188 ke adhin shapath lene ya pratigya karane se pahale ya arhit n hote hue ya nirarhit kie jane par baithane aur mat dene ke lie shasti-

yadi kisi rajy ki vidhan sabha ya vidhan parishad men koee vyakti anuchchhed 188 ki apekshaon ka anupalan karane se pahale, ya yah janate hue ki main usaki sadasyata ke lie arhit nahin hoon ya nirarhit kar diya gaya hoon ya snsad ya rajy ke vidhan-mndal dvara banaee gee kisi vidhi ke upabndhon dvara aisa karane se pratishiddh kar diya gaya hoon, sadasy ke roonp men baithata hai ya mat deta hai to vah pratyek din ke lie jab vah is prakar baithata hai ya mat deta hai, panch sau runpe ki shasti ka bhagi hoga, jo rajy ko dey rin ke roonp men vasool ki jaegi.

rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon aur unake sadasyon ki shaktiyan, visheshadhikar aur unmuktiyan

194. vidhan-mndalon ke sadanon ki tatha unake sadasyon aur samitiyon ki shaktiyan, visheshadhikar, adi-
  • (1) is snvidhan ke upabndhon ke aur vidhan-mndal ki prakriya ka viniyaman karane vale niyamon aur sthayi adeshon ke adhin rahate hue, pratyek rajy ke vidhan-mndal men vakh-svatntry hoga.
  • (2) rajy ke vidhan-mndal men ya usaki kisi samiti men vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadasy dvara kahi gee kisi bat ya die ge kisi mat ke snbndh men usake virunddh kisi nyayalay men koee karyavahi nahin ki jaegi aur kisi vyakti ke viruddh aise vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ke pradhikar dvara ya usake adhin kisi prativedan patr, maton ya karyavahiyon ke prakashan ke snbndh men is prakar ki koee karyavahi nahin ki jaegi.
  • (3) any baton men rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ki aur aise vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ke sadasyon aur samitiyon ki shaktiyan, visheshadhikar aur unmuktiyan aisi hongi, jo vah vidhan-mndal, samay-samay par, vidhi dvara parinishchit karen aur jab tak ve is prakar parinishchit nahin ki jati hain, tab tak vahi hongi, jo snvidhan (chavalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1978 ki dhara 26 ke pravritt hone se thik pahale us sadan ki aur usake sadasyon aur samitiyon ki thin.[32]
  • (4) jin vyaktiyon ko is snvidhan ke adhar par rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan ya usaki kisi samiti men bolane ka aur usaki karyavahiyon men anyatha bhag lene ka adhikar hai, unake snbndh men khnd (1), khnd (2) aur khnd (3) ke upabndh usi prakar lagoo honge, jis prakar ve us vidhan-mndal ke sadasyon ke snbndh men lagoo hote hain.
195. sadasyon ke vetan aur bhatte-

rajy ki vidhan sabha aur vidhan parishad ke sadasy aise vetan aur bhatte, jinhen us rajy ka vidhan-mndal, samay-samay pad, vidhi dvara, avadharit kare aur jab tak is snbndh men is prakar upabndh nahin kiya jata hai, tab tak aise vetan aur bhatte, aisi daron se aur aisi sharton par, jo tatsthani prant ki vidhan sabha ke sadasyon ko is snvidhan ke prarnbh se thik pahale lagoo thin, prapt karane ke hakadar honge.

vidhayi prakriya

196. vidheyakon ke purnasthapan aur parit kie jane ke snbndh men upabndh-
  • (1) dhan vidheyakon aur any vitt vidheyakon ke snbndh men anuchchhed 198 aur anuchchhed 207 ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, koee vidheyak vidhan parishad vale rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi bhi sadan men arnbh ho sakega.
  • (2) anuchchhed 197 aur anuchchhed 198 ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, koee vidheyak vidhan parishad vale rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadanon dvara tab tak parit kiya gaya nahin samajha jaega, jab tak snshodhan ke bina ya keval aise snshodhanon sahit, jin par donon sadan sahamat ho ge hain, us par donon sadan sahamat nahin ho jate hain.
  • (3) kisi rajy ke vidhanamndal men lnbit vidheyak usake sadan ya sadanon ke satravasan ke karan vyapagat nahin hoga.
  • (4) kisi rajy ki vidhan parishad men lnbit vidheyak, jisako vidhan sabha ne parit nahin kiya hai, vidhan sabha ke vighatan par vyapagat nahin hoga.
  • (5) koee vidheyak, jo kisi rajy ki vidhan sabha men lnbit hai ya jo vidhan sabha dvara parit kar diya gaya hai aur vidhan parishad men lnbit hai, vidhan sabha ke vighatan par vyapagat ho jaega.
197. dhan vidheyakon se bhinn vidheyakon ke bare men vidhan parishad ki shaktiyon par nirbndhan-
  • (1) yadi vidhan parishad vale rajy ki vidhan sabha dvara kisi vidheyak ke parit kie jane aur vidhan parishad ko pareshit kie jane ke pashchath-
    • (k) vidhan parishad dvara vidheyak asvikar kar diya jata hai, ya
    • (kh) vidhan parishad ke samaksh vidheyak rakhe jane ki tarikh se, usake dvara vidheyak parit kie bina, tin mas se adhik bit ge hain, ya
    • (g) vidhan parishad dvara vidheyak aise snshodhanon sahit parit kiya jata hai, jinase vidhan sabha sahamat nahin hoti hai, to vidhan sabha vidheyak ko, apani prakriya ka viniyaman karane vale niyamon ke adhin rahate hue, usi ya kisi pashchatavarti satr men aise snshodhanon sahit ya usake bina, yadi koee hon, jo vidhan parishad ne kie hain, sujhae hain ya jinase vidhan parishad sahamat hai, pun:parit kar sakegi aur tab is prakar parit vidheyak ko vidhan parishad ko pareshit kar sakegi.
  • (2) yadi vidhan sabha dvara vidheyak is prakar dubara parit kar die jane aur vidhan parishad ko pareshit kie jane ke pashchath-
    • (k) vidhan parishad dvara vidheyak asvikar kar diya jata hai, ya
    • (kh) vidhan parishad ke samaksh vidheyak rakhe jane ki tarikh se, usake dvara vidheyak parit kie bina, ek mas se adhik bit gaya hai, ya
    • (g) vidhan parishad dvara vidheyak aise snshodhanon sahit parit kiya jata hai, jinase vidhan sabha sahamat nahin hoti hai, to vidheyak rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadanon dvara aise snshodhanon sahit, yadi koee hon, jo vidhan parishad ne kie hain ya sujhae hain aur jinase vidhan sabha sahamat hai, us roonp men parit kiya gaya samajha jaega, jisamen vah vidhan sabha dvara dubara parit kiya gaya tha.
  • (3) is anuchchhed ki koee bat dhan vidheyak ko lagoo nahin hogi.
198. dhan vidheyakon ke snbndh men vishesh prakriya-
  • (1) dhan vidheyak vidhan parishad men pur:sthapit nahin kiya jaega.
  • (2) dhan vidheyak vidhan parishad vale rajy ki vidhan sabha dvara parit kie jane ke pashchath vidhan parishad ko usaki sipharishon ke lie pareshit kiya jaega aur vidhan parishad vidheyak ki prapti ki tarikh se chaudah din ki avadhi ke bhitar vidheyak ko apani sipharishon sahit vidhan sabha ko lauta degi aur aisa hone par vidhan sabha, vidhan parishad ki sabhi ya kinhin sipharishon ko svikar ya asvikar kar sakegi.
  • (3) yadi vidhan sabha, vidhan parishad ki kisi sipharish ko svikar kar leti hai to dhan vidheyak vidhan parishad dvara sipharish kie ge aur vidhan sabha dvara svikar kie ge snshodhanon sahit donon sadanon dvara parit kiya gaya samajha jaega.
  • (4) yadi vidhan sabha, vidhan parishad ki kisi bhi sipharish ko svikar nahin karati hai to dhan vidheyak vidhan parishad dvara sipharish kie ge kisi snshodhan ke bina, donon sadanon dvara us roonp men parit kiya gaya samajha jaega, jisamen vah vidhan sabha dvara parit kiya gaya tha.
  • (5) yadi vidhan sabha dvara parit aur vidhan parishad ko usaki sipharishon ke lie pareshit dhan vidheyak ukt chaudah din ki avadhi ke bhitar vidhan sabha ko nahin lautaya jata hai to ukt avadhi ki samapti par vah donon sadanon dvara us roonp men parit kiya gaya samajha jaega, jisamen vah vidhan sabha dvara parit kiya gaya tha.
199. "dhan vidheyak" ki paribhasha-
  • (1) is adhyay ke prayojanon ke lie, koee vidheyak dhan vidheyak samajha jaega, yadi usamen keval nimnalikhit sabhi ya kinhin vishayon se snbndhit upabndh hain, arthath-
    • (k) kisi kar ka adhiropan, utsadan, parihar, parivartan ya viniyaman.
    • (kh) rajy dvara dhan udhar lene ka ya koee pratyabhooti dene ka viniyaman athava rajy dvara apane oonpar li gee ya li jane vali kinhin vittiy badhyataon se snbndhit vidhi ka snshodhan.
    • (g) rajy ki snchit nidhi ya akasmikata nidhi ki abhiraksha, aisi kisi nidhi men dhan jama karana ya usamen se dhan nikalana.
    • (gh) rajy ki snchit nidhi men se dhan ka viniyog.
    • (n) kisi vyay ko rajy ki snchit nidhi par bharit vyay ghoshit karana ya aise kisi vyay ki rakam ko badhana.
    • (ch) rajy ki snchit nidhi ya rajy ke lok lekhe maddhe dhan prapt karana athava aise dhan ki abhiraksha ya usaka nirgaman; ya
    • (chh) upakhnd (k) se upakhnd (ch) men vinirdisht kisi vishay ka anushngik koee vishay.
  • (2) koee vidheyak keval is karan dhan vidheyak nahin samajha jaega ki vah jurmanon any dhaniy shastiyon ke adhiropan ka athava anugyptiyon ke lie phison ki ya ki gee sevaon ke lie phison ki mang ka ya unake snday ka upabndh karata hai athava is karan dhan vidheyak nahin samajha jaega ki vah kisi sthaniy pradhikari ya nikay dvara sthaniy prayojanon ke lie kisi kar ke adhiropan, utsadan, parihar, parivartan ya viniyaman ka upabndh karata hai.
  • (3) yadi yah prashn uthata hai ki vidhan parishad vale kisi rajy ke vidhan-mndal men pur:sthapit koee vidheyak dhan vidheyak hai ya nahin to us par us rajy ki vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh ka vinishchay antim hoga.
  • (4) jab dhan vidheyak anuchchhed 198 ke adhin vidhan parishad ko pareshit kiya jata hai aur jab vah anuchchhed 200 ke adhin anumati ke lie rajyapal ke samaksh prastut kiya jata hai, tab pratyek dhan vidheyak par vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh ke hastakshar sahit yah praman prishthankit kiya jaega ki vah dhan vidheyak hai.
200. vidheyakon par anumati-

jab koee vidheyak rajy ki vidhan sabha dvara ya vidhan parishad vale rajy men vidhan-mndal ke donon sadanon dvara parit kar diya gaya hai, tab vah rajyapal ke samaksh prastut kiya jaega aur rajyapal ghoshit karega ki vah vidheyak par anumati deta hai ya anumati rok leta hai athava vah vidheyak ko rashtrapati ke vichar ke lie arakshit rakhata hai, parntu rajyapal anumati ke lie apane samaksh vidheyak prastut kie jane ke pashchath yathashighr us vidheyak ko, yadi vah dhan vidheyak nahin hai to, sadan ya sadanon ko is sndesh ke sath lauta sakega ki sadan ya donon sadan vidheyak par ya usake kinhin vinirdisht upabndhon par punarvichar karen aur vishishtataya kinhin aise snshodhanon ke pur:sthapan ki vanchhaniyata par vichar karen, jinaki usane apane sndesh men sipharish ki hai aur jab vidheyak is prakar lauta diya jata hai, tab sadan ya donon sadan vidheyak par tadanusar punarvichar karenge aur yadi vidheyak sadan ya sadanon dvara snshodhan sahit ya usake bina phir se parit kar diya jata hai aur rajyapal ke samaksh anumati ke lie prastut kiya jata hai to rajyapal us par anumati nahin rokega, parntu yah aur ki jis vidheyak se, usake vidhi ban jane par, rajyapal ki ray men uchch nyayalay ki shaktiyon ka aisa alpikaran hoga ki vah sthan, jisaki poorti ke lie vah nyayalay is snvidhan dvara parikalpit hai, snkatapann ho jaega, us vidheyak par rajyapal anumati nahin dega, kintu use rashtrapati ke vichar ke lie arakshit rakhega.

201. vichar ke lie arakshit vidheyak-

jab koee vidheyak rajyapal dvara rashtrapati ke vichar ke lie arakshit rakh liya jata hai tab rashtrapati ghoshit karega ki vah vidheyak par anumati deta hai ya anumati rok leta hai, parntu jahan vidheyak dhan vidheyak nahin hai, vahan rashtrapati rajyapal ko yah nidesh de sakega ki vah vidheyak ko, yathasthiti, rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya sadanon ko aise sndesh ke sath, jo anuchchhed 200 ke pahale parntuk men varnit hai, lauta de aur jab koee vidheyak is prakar lauta diya jata hai, tab aisa sndesh milane ki tarikh se chh: mas ki avadhi ke bhitar sadan ya sadanon dvara us par tadanusar punarvichar kiya jaega aur yadi vah sadan ya sadanon dvara snshodhan sahit ya usake bina phir se parit kar diya jata hai to use rashtrapati ke samaksh usake vichar ke lie phir se prastut kiya jaega.

vittiy vishayon ke snbndh men prakriya

202. varshik vittiy vivaran-
  • (1) rajyapal pratyek vittiy varsh ke snbndh men rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya sadanon ke samaksh us rajy ki us varsh ke lie prakkalit praptiyon aur vyay ka vivaran rakhavaega, jise is bhag "varshik vittiy vivaran" kaha gaya hai.
  • (2) varshik vittiy vivaran men die hue vyay ke prakkalanon men-
    • (k) is snvidhan men rajy ki snchit nidhi par bharit vyay ke roonp men varnit vyay ki poorti ke lie apekshit rashiyan aur
    • (kh) rajy ki snchit nidhi men se kie jane ke lie prasthapit any vyay ki poorti ke lie apekshit rashiyan, prithak-prithakh dikhaee jaengi aur rajasv lekhe hone vale vyay ka any vyay se bhed kiya jaega.
  • (3) nimnalikhit vyay pratyek rajy ki snchit nidhi par bharit vyay hoga, arthat-
    • (k) rajyapal ki upalabdhiyan aur bhatte tatha usake pad se snbndhit any vyay.
    • (kh) vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh ke tatha vidhan parishad vale rajy ki dasha men vidhan parishad ke sabhapati aur upasabhapati ke bhi vetan aur bhatte.
    • (g) aise rin bhar, jinaka dayitv rajy par hai, jinake antargat byaj, nikshep nidhi bhar aur mochan bhar tatha udhar lene aur rin seva aur rin mochan se snbndhit any vyay hain.
    • (gh) kisi uchch nyayalay ke nyayadhishon ke vetanon aur bhatton ke snbndh men vyay.
    • (n) kisi nyayalay ya madhyasthamh adhikaran ke nirnay, dikri ya pnchat ki tushti ke lie apekshit rashiyan.
    • (ch) koee any vyay, jo is snvidhan dvara ya rajy ke vidhan-mndal dvara, vidhi dvara, is prakar bharit ghoshit kiya jata hai.
203. vidhan-mndal men prakkalanon ke snbndh men prakriya-
  • (1) prakkalanon men se jitane prakkalan rajy ki snchit nidhi par bharit vyay se snbndhit hain, ve vidhan sabha men matadan ke lie nahin rakhe jaenge, kintu is khnd ki kisi bat ka yah arth nahin lagaya jaega ki vah vidhan-mndal men un prakkalanon men se kisi prakkalan par charcha ko nivarit karati hai.
  • (2) ukt prakkalanon men se jitane prakkalan any vyay se snbndhit hain, ve vidhan sabha ke samaksh anudanon ki mangon ke roonp men rakhe jaenge aur vidhan sabha ko shakti hogi ki vah kisi mang ko anumati de ya anumati dene se inkar kar de athava kisi mang ko, usamen vinirdisht rakam ko kam karake, anumati de.
  • (3) kisi anudan ki mang rajyapal ki sipharish par hi ki jaegi, anyatha nahin.
204. viniyog vidheyak-
  • (1) vidhan sabha dvara anuchchhed 203 ke adhin anudan kie jane ke pashchath yathashaky shighr, rajy ki snchit nidhi men se-
    • (k) vidhan sabha dvara is prakar kie ge anudanon ki, aur
    • (kh) rajy ki snchit nidhi par bharit, kintu sadan ya sadanon ke samaksh pahale rakhe ge vivaran men darshit rakam se kisi bhi dasha men anadhik vyay ki, poorti ke lie apekshit sabhi dhanarashiyon ke viniyog ka upabndh karane ke lie vidheyak pur:sthapit kiya jaega.
  • (2) is prakar kie ge kisi anudan ki rakam men parivartan karane ya anudan ke lakshy ko badalane athava rajy ki snchit nidhi par bharit vyay ki rakam men parivartan karane ka prabhav rakhane vala koee snshodhan, aise kisi vidheyak men rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan men ya kisi sadan men prasthapit nahin kiya jaega aur pithasin vyakti ka is bare men vinishchay antim hoga ki koee snshodhan is khnd ke adhin agrahy hai ya nahin.
  • (3) anuchchhed 205 aur anuchchhed 206 ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, rajy ki snchit nidhi men se is anuchchhed ke upabndhon ke anusar parit vidhi dvara kie ge viniyog ke adhin hi koee dhan nikala jaega, anyatha nahin.
205. anupoorak, atirikt ya adhik anudan-
  • (1) yadi-
    • (k) anuchchhed 204 ke upabndhon ke anusar banaee gee kisi vidhi dvara kisi vishisht seva par chaloo vittiy varsh ke lie vyay kie jane ke lie pradhikrit koee rakam us varsh ke prayojanon ke lie aparyapt paee jati hai ya us varsh ke varshik vittiy vivaran men anudhyat n ki gee kisi nee seva par anupoorak ya atirikt vyay ki chaloo vittiy varsh ke dauran avashyakata paida ho gee hai, ya
    • (kh) kisi vittiy varsh ke dauran kisi seva par us varsh aur us seva ke lie anudan ki gee rakam se adhik koee dhan vyay ho gaya hai, to rajyapal, yathasthiti, rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya sadanon ke samaksh us vyay ki prakkalit rakam ko darshit karane vala doosara vivaran rakhavaega ya rajy ki vidhan sabha men aise adhiky ke lie mang prastut karavaega.
  • (2) aise kisi vivaran aur vyay ya mang ke snbndh men tatha rajy ki snchit nidhi men se aise vyay ya aisi mang se snbndhit anudan ki poorti ke lie dhan ka viniyog pradhikrit karane ke lie banaee jane vali kisi vidhi ke snbndh men bhi, anuchchhed 202, anuchchhed 203 aur anuchchhed 204 ke upabndh vaise hi prabhavi honge jaise ve varshik vittiy vivaran aur usamen varnit vyay ke snbndh men ya kisi anudan ki kisi mang ke snbndh men aur rajy ki snchit nidhi men se aise vyay ya anudan ki poorti ke lie dhan ka viniyog pradhikrit karane ke lie banaee jane vali vidhi ke snbndh men prabhavi hain.
206. lekhanudan, pratyayanudan aur apavadanudan-
  • (1) is adhyay ke poorvagami upabndhon men kisi bat ke hote hue bhi, kisi rajy ki vidhan sabha ko-
    • (k) kisi vittiy varsh ke bhag ke lie prakkalit vyay ke snbndh men koee anudan, us anudan ke lie matadan karane ke lie anuchchhed 203 men vihit prakriya ke poora hone tak aur us vyay ke snbndh men anuchchhed 204 ke upabndhon ke anusar vidhi ke parit hone tak, agrim dene ki;
    • (kh) jab kisi seva ki mahatta ya usake anishchit roonp ke karan mang aise byaure ke sath varnit nahin ki ja sakati hai jo varshik vittiy vivaran men samanyataya diya jata hai, tab rajy ke snpatti sroton par apratyashit mang ki poorti ke lie anudan karane ki;
    • (g) kisi vittiy varsh ki chaloo seva ka jo anudan bhag nahin hai, aisa koee apavadanudan karane ki, shakti hogi aur jin prayojanon ke lie ukt anudan kie ge hain, unake lie rajy ki snchit nidhi men se dhan nikalana vidhi dvara pradhikrit karane ki rajy ke vidhan-mndal ko shakti hogi.
  • (2) khnd (1) ke adhin kie jane vale kisi anudan aur us khnd ke adhin banaee jane vali kisi vidhi ke snbndh men anuchchhed 203 aur anuchchhed 204 ke upabndh vaise hi prabhavi honge, jaise ve varshik vittiy vivaran men varnit kisi vyay ke bare men koee anudan karane ke snbndh men aur rajy ki snchit nidhi men se aise vyay ki poorti ke lie dhan ka viniyog pradhikrit karane ke lie banaee jane vali vidhi ke snbndh men prabhavi hain.
207. vitt vidheyakon ke bare men vishesh upabndh-
  • (1) anuchchhed 199 ke khnd (1) ke upakhnd (k) se upakhnd (ch) men vinirdisht kisi vishay ke lie upabndh karane vala vidheyak ya snshodhan rajyapal ki sipharish se hi pur:sthapit ya prastavit kiya jaega, anyatha nahin aur aisa upabndh karane vala vidheyak vidhan parishad men pur:sthapit nahin kiya jaega, parntu kisi kar ke ghatane ya utsadan ke lie upabndh karane vale kisi snshodhan ke prastav ke lie is khnd ke adhin sipharish ki apeksha nahin hogi.
  • (2) koee vidheyak ya snshodhan ukt vishayon men se kisi vishay ke lie upabndh karane vala keval is karan nahin samajha jaega ki vah jurmanon ya any dhaniy shastiyon ke adhiropan ka athava anugyptiyon ke lie phison ki ya ki gee sevaon ke lie phison ki mang ka ya unake snday ka upabndh karata hai athava is karan nahin samajha jaega ki vah kisi sthaniy pradhikari ya nikay dvara sthaniy prayojanon ke lie kisi kar ke adhiropan, utsadan, parihar, parivartan ya viniyaman ka upabndh karata hai.
  • (3) jis vidheyak ko adhiniyamit aur pravartit kie jane par rajy ki snchit nidhi men se vyay karana padega, vah vidheyak rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke kisi sadan dvara tab tak parit nahin kiya jaega, jab tak aise vidheyak par vichar karane ke lie us sadan se rajyapal ne sipharish nahin ki hai.

sadharanataya prakriya

208. prakriya ke niyam-
  • (1) is snvidhan ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, rajy ke vidhan-mndal ka koee sadan apani prakriya aur apane kary snchalan ke viniyaman ke lie niyam bana sakega.
  • (2) jab tak khnd (1) ke adhin niyam nahin banae jate hain, tab tak is snvidhan ke prarnbh se thik pahale tatsthani prant ke vidhan-mndal ke snbndh men jo prakriya ke niyam aur sthayi adesh pravritt the, ve aise upantaranon aur anukoolanon ke adhin rahate hue us rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke snbndh men prabhavi honge, jinhen, yathasthiti, vidhan sabha ka adhyaksh ya vidhan parishad ka sabhapati unamen kare.
  • (3) rajyapal, vidhan parishad vale rajy men vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh aur vidhan parishad ke sabhapati se paramarsh karane ke pashchat, donon sadanon men paraspar snchar se snbndhit prakriya ke niyam bana sakega.
209. rajy ke vidhan-mndal men vittiy kary snbndhi prakriya ka vidhi dvara viniyaman-

kisi rajy ka vidhan-mndal, vittiy kary ko samay ke bhitar poora karane ke prayojan ke lie kisi vittiy vishay se snbndhit ya rajy ki snchit nidhi men se dhan ka viniyog karane ke lie kisi vidheyak se snbndhit, rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya sadanon ki prakriya aur kary snchalan ka viniyaman vidhi dvara kar sakega tatha yadi aur jahan tak is prakar banaee gee kisi vidhi ka koee upabndh anuchchhed 208 ke khnd (1) ke adhin rajy ke vidhan-mndal ke sadan ya kisi sadan dvara banae ge niyam se ya us anuchchhed ke khnd (2) ke adhin rajy vidhan-mndal ke snbndh men prabhavi kisi niyam ya sthayi adesh se asngat hai to aur vahan tak aisa upabndh abhibhavi hoga.

210. vidhan-mndal men prayog ki jane vali bhasha-
  • (1) bhag 17 men kisi bat ke hote hue bhi, kintu anuchchhed 348 ke upabndhon ke adhin rahate hue, rajy ke vidhan-mndal men kary rajy ki rajabhasha ya rajabhashaon men ya hindi men ya angreji men kiya jaega, parntu, yathasthiti, vidhan sabha ka adhyaksh ya vidhan parishad ka sabhapati athava us roonp men kary karane vala vyakti kisi sadasy ko, jo poorvokt bhashaon men se kisi bhasha men apani paryapt a vyiktabh nahin kar sakata hai, apani matribhasha men sadan ko snbodhit karane ki anugya de sakega.
  • (2) jab tak rajy ka vidhan-mndal vidhi dvara anyatha upabndh n kare, tab tak is snvidhan ke prarnbh se pndrah varsh ki avadhi ki samapti ke pashchath yah anuchchhed aise prabhavi hoga, mano ya "angreji men shabdon" ka usamen se lop kar diya gaya ho.


parntu[33] himachal pradesh, manipur, meghalay aur tripura rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon[34] ke snbndh men yah khnd is prakar prabhavi hoga mano isamen ane vale "pndrah varsh" shabdon ke sthan par "pachchis varsh" shabd rakh die ge hon, parntu[35] yah aur ki arunachal pradesh, gova aur mijoram rajyon ke vidhan-mndalon ke snbndh men yah khnd is prakar prabhavi hoga mano isamen ane vale "pndrah varsh" shabdon ke sthan par "chalis varsh" shabd rakh die ge hon.[36]-[37]

211. vidhan-mndal men charcha par nirbndhan-

uchchatam nyayalay ya kisi uchch nyayalay ke kisi nyayadhish ke apane kartavyon ke nirvahan men kie ge, acharan ke vishay men rajy ke vidhan-mndal men koee charcha nahin hogi.

212. nyayalayon dvara vidhan-mndal ki karyavahiyon ki janch n kiya jana-
  • (1)rajy ke vidhan-mndal ki kisi karyavahi ki vidhimanyata ko prakriya ki kisi abhikathit aniyamitata ke adhar par prashnagat nahin kiya jaega.
  • (2) rajy ke vidhan-mndal ka koee adhikari ya sadasy, jisamen is snvidhan dvara ya isake adhin us vidhan-mndal men prakriya ya kary snchalan ka viniyaman karane ki athava vyavastha banae rakhane ki shaktiyan nihit hain, un shaktiyon ke apane dvara prayog ke vishay men kisi nyayalay ki adhikarita ke adhin nahin hoga.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. "andhr pradesh" shabdon ka andhr pradesh vidhan parishad (utsadan) adhiniyam, 1985 (1985 ka 34) ki dhara 4 dvara (1-6-1985 se) lop kiya gaya.
  2. munbee punargathan adhiniyam, 1960 (1960 ka 11) ki dhara 20 dvara (1-5-1960 se)" munbee" shabd ka lop kiya gaya.
  3. is upakhrnd men "madhy pradesh" shabdon ke ant:sthapan ke lie snvidhan (satavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1956 ki dhara 8(2) ke adhin koee tarikh niyat nahin ki gee hai.
  4. tamilanadu vidhan parishad (utsadan) adhiniyam, 1986 (1986 ka 40) ki dhara 4 dvara (1-11-1986 se) "tamilanadu" shabd ka lop kiya gaya.
  5. mubnee punargathan adhiniyam, 1960 (1960 ka 11) ki dhara 20 dvara (1-5-1960 se ) ant:sthapit.
  6. maisoor rajy (nam-parivartan) adhiniyam, 1973 (1973 ka 31) ki dhara 4 dvara (1-11-1973 se) "maisoor" ke sthan par pratisthapit, jise snvidhan (satavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1956 ki dhara 8(1) dvara ant:sthapit kiya gaya tha.
  7. pnjab vidhan parishad (utsadan) adhiniyam, 1969 (1969 ka 46) ki dhara 4 dvara (7-1-1970 se) "pnjab" shabd ka lop kiya gaya.
  8. pashchimi bngal vidhan parishad (utsadan) adhiniyam, 1969 (1969 ka 20) ki dhara 4 dvara (1-8-1969 se) "uttar pradesh aur pashchimi bngal" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  9. snvidhan (satavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1956 ki dhara 9 dvara anuchchhed 170 ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  10. snvidhan (bayalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1976 ki dhara 29 dvara (3-1-1977 se) spashtikaran ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  11. snvidhan (chaurasivan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 2001 ki dhara 5 dvara pratisthapit.
  12. snvidhan (chaurasivan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 2001 ki dhara 5 dvara pratisthapit.
  13. snvidhan (satasivan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 2003 ki dhara 4 dvara pratisthapit.
  14. snvidhan (bayalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1976 ki dhara 29 dvara (3-1-1977 se) ant:sthapit.
  15. snvidhan (chaurasivan snshodhan) adhiniyam 2001 ki dhara 5 dvara kramash: ankon aur shabdon ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  16. snvidhan (satasivan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 2003 ki dhara 4 dvara pratisthapit.
  17. snvidhan (chaurasivan snshodhan) adhiniyam 2001 ki dhara 5 dvara kramash: ankon aur shabdon ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  18. snvidhan (satavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1956 ki dhara 10 dvara "ek chauthaee" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  19. snvidhan (chavalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1978 ki dhara 24 dvara (6-9-1979 se) "chhah varsh" ke sthan par pratisthapit. snvidhan (bayalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1976 ki dhara 30 dvara (3-1-1977 se) mool shabdon "panch varsh" ke sthan par "chhah varsh" pratisthapit kie ge the.
  20. snvidhan (chavalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1978 ki dhara 24 dvara (6-9-1979 se) "chhah varsh" ke sthan par pratisthapit. snvidhan (bayalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1976 ki dhara 30 dvara (3-1-1977 se) mool shabdon "panch varsh" ke sthan par "chhah varsh" pratisthapit kie ge the.
  21. snvidhan (solahavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1963 ki dhara 4 dvara khnd (k) ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  22. snvidhan (pahala snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1951 ki dhara 8 dvara anuchchhed 174 ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  23. snvidhan (pahala snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1951 ki dhara 9 dvara "pratyek satr" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  24. snvidhan (pahala snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1951 ki dhara 9 dvara "tatha sadan ke any kary par is charcha ko agrata dene ke lie" shabdon ka lop kiya gaya.
  25. dekhie vidhi mntralay ki adhisoochana sn.eph. 46/50-si, dinank 26 janavari, 1950, bharat ka rajapatr, asadharan, prishth 678 men prakashit samasamayik sadasyata pratishedh niyam, 1950.
  26. snvidhan (bavanavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1985 ki dhara 4 dvara (1-3-1985 se) "anuchchhed 191 ke khnd (1)" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  27. snvidhan (taintisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1974 ki dhara 3 dvara upakhnd (kh) ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  28. snvidhan (taintisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1974 ki dhara 3 dvara ant:sthapit.
  29. snvidhan (bavanavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1985 ki dhara 5 dvara (1-3-1985 se) "(2) is anuchchhed ke prayojanon ke lie" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  30. snvidhan (bavanavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1985 ki dhara 5 dvara (1-3-1985 se) ant:sthapit.
  31. anuchchhed 192, snvidhan (bayalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1976 ki dhara 33 dvara (3-1-1977 se) aur tatpashchath snvidhan (chavalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1978 ki dhara 25 dvara (20-6-1979 se) snshodhit hokar uparokt roonp men aya.
  32. snvidhan (chavalisavan snshodhan) adhiniyam, 1978 ki dhara 26 dvara (20-6-1979 se) kuchh shabdon ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  33. himachal pradesh rajy adhiniyam, 1970 (1970 ka 53) ki dhara 46 dvara (25-1-1971 se) ant:sthapit.
  34. poorvottar kshetr (punargathan) adhiniyam, 1971 (1971 ka 81) ki dhara 71 dvara (21-1-1972 se) "himachal pradesh rajy ke vidhan-mndal" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  35. mijoram rajy adhiniyam, 1986 (1986 ka 34) ki dhara 39 dvara (20-2-1987 se) ant:sthapit.
  36. arunachal pradesh rajy adhiniyam, 1986 (1986 ka 69) ki dhara 42 dvara (20-2-1987 se) "mijoram rajy ke vidhan-mndal" ke sthan par pratisthapit.
  37. gova, daman aur div punargathan adhiniyam, 1987 (1987 ka 18) ki dhara 63 dvara (30-5-1987 se) "arunachal pradesh aur mijoram" ke sthan par pratisthapit.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah