झांझ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(झाँझ se punarnirdeshit)
  • jhanjh prayah lohe ka bana hota hai.
  • lohe ke do gol tukade jisake madhy men ek chhed hota hai, jis par rassi ya kapada hath men pakadane ke lie lagaya jata hai.
  • ek-ek tukade ko ek-ek hath men pakadakar bajaya jata hai.

golakar samatal ya uttalakar dhatu ki tashtari jaisa tal vady, jise dhol bajane ki lakadi se ya isake jode ko ek-doosare se ragadate hue takarakar bajaya jata hai. isaka asiriya, izarail (1100 ee.poo.), misr aur any prachin sabhyataon men aksar anushthanik taur par istemal kiya jata tha. yah madhy kal men sudur poorv evn yoorop men 13vin sadi se pahale pahuncha. adhikatar eshiyaee jhanjh chaude kinare vale ubhar ya bina ubhar ke kshaitij tariqe se ade pakadakar teji se takarae jate hain ya chhote kinare vale (ya kinara rahit), khade tariqe se pakadakar dhime bajae jate hain. pashchimi vady vrindiy jhanjh, turki sainik baind se liya gaya hai, jo 18vin sadi ke yoorop men prachalit tha. jhanjhon ke istemal ki shuruat jozef haidan (vishesh roop se unaki militri sinphani, 1794), dablyoo. e. motzart aur ludavig vaaun vitovan ki rachanaon men huee. roomani sngit, jaise richard vaignar ki tenahaausar men inaka istemal natakiy charam ke rekhankan ke lie kiya jata hai, parnparik roop se sarvottam jhanjh turki se ate hain.
anishchit suraman vale adhunik jhanjh qarib 36-46 semi vyas vale kendr men ubhare (jahan pakadane ke lie phita bndha hota hai) aur kinare ki or thode se tirachhe mude hue hote hain, taki kinare hi apas men takaraen. inaki vistar-kshamata kamal ki hai. halanki inhen amataur par takaraya ya ragada jata hai, lekin inaka snchalan paidal dvara bhi kiya ja sakata hai ya inhen brash athava kathor ya mulayam sire vale chob ke prahar se bajaya ja sakata hai. jaiz aur nrity baind men any takaniken bhi prayukt hoti hain.
prachin jhanjh (udaharanasvaroop, klaaud dibasi dvara prayukt) chhote karatal jaise ungaliyon men pahanakar bajae jane vale jhanjh hai, jinaka ek nishchit suraman vala uchch svar hota hai; inaka istemal mool roop se nrity vady ke roop men prachin kal se madhy-poorv men ho raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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