यू. थांट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yoo. thant
yoo. thant
poora nam yoo. thant
janm 22 janavari, 1909
janm bhoomi pntanav, barma
mrityu 25 navambar, 1974
mrityu sthan nyooyaaurk, snyukt rajy amarika
mrityu karan phephadon ka kensar
abhibhavak pita- po hanit, mata- nan thong
pati/patni thin tin
nagarikata barmi
prasiddhi snyukt rashtr mahasachiv
kary kal 30 navambar, 1961 se 31 disambar, 1971
snbndhit lekh snyukt rashtr, snyukt rashtr mahasabha, snyukt rashtr suraksha parishad
dharm bauddh dharm
any janakari em. es. subbulakshmi jo ki bharat ke sarvochch nagarik samman 'bharat ratn' se sammanit hone vali pahali bharatiy sngitakar thin, unhen aktoobar, 1966 men snyukt rashtr ke tatkalin mahasachiv yoo. thant ne snyukt rashtr mahasabha men prastuti dene ke lie amntrit kiya tha.

yoo. thant (angrezi: U Thant, janm- 22 janavari, 1909; mrityu- 25 navambar, 1974) barma ke rajanayik the. ve snyukt rashtr ke tisare mahasachiv the. sitnbar, 1961 men jab snyukt rashtr ke doosare mahasachiv daig haimaraskjonld ka nidhan ho gaya, tab yoo. thant mahasachiv niyukt hue the. snyukt rashtr mahasachiv ke roop men apane karyakal ke dauran unaki sabase ullekhaniy upalabdhiyon men se ek thi- 'kyoobaee misail snkat ke dauran jaaun eph kainedi aur nikita krushchev ke bich varta karana', isase ek bahut badi tabahi hone se bach gee thi. thant bauddh dharm ke anuyaee the.

parichay

yoo. thant ka janm 22 janavari san 1909 ko barma ke pntanav men hua tha. unaki prarnbhik shiksha pntanav ke neshanal haeeskool se huee. tatpashchath unhonne rngoon vishvavidyalay se itihas vishay ke sath uchch shiksha prapt ki. ve ek chaval vyapari ke parivar men paida hue the. yoo. thant apane char bhaiyon men sabase bade the. british shasan kal ke dauran unake pita po hanit ne kolakata se uchch shiksha prapt karane ke bad "di san rngoon" namak samachar patr ko ek manak ke roop me sthapit kiya. jab thant 14 varsh ke the, tab unake pita ki mrityu ho gayi. virasat ke vivadon ke karan kathin aur viparit arthik snkaton men unaki man nan thong ne unaki aur any tin bachchon ki paravarish ki. unake sath-sath unake tinon bhaee yoo khnt, yoo thaung aur tin maung bhi age chalakar rajaneta aur prakhar vidvanh bane.

vyavasayik shuruat tatha lekhan

vishvavidyalayi shiksha prapt karane ke bad thant pntanav laut ae aur neshanal haeeskool men adhyapan ka kary prarambh kiya. pachchis sal ki umr men ye usi vidyalay ke pradhanadhyapak bane. isi dauran ve bhavi pradhanamntri yoo nu ke snpark men ae aur unake karibi dost ban ge. thant ne thailava ke nam se kee bade patr v patrikaon men niyamit roop se alekh aur stnbh likhe. kee pustaken likhin, jisamen se ek pustak "lig aauph neshns" ka unhonne anuvad bhi kiya.

prashasanik uttaradayitv

svatantrata ke pashchath jab yoo nu barma ke pradhanamntri bane, tab unhonne 1948 men yoo. thant ko rngoon ane ka nimntran diya aur ek mahatvapoorn dayitv dete huye prasaran nideshak ka uttaradayitv saunpa. agale varsh men ve soochana evn prasaran mntralay (barma) men sachiv ke pad par niyukt huye. 1951 se 1957 tak thant pradhanamntri ke sachiv rahe. is dauran ve yoo nu ke lie bhashan likhane, unaki videsh yatra ki vyavastha karane aur videshi paryatakon ke sath baithak adi ki vyavastha snbhalate rahe. is poori avadhi ke dauran ve yoo nu ke karibi vishvasapatr aur salahakar the.

snyukt rashtr ke mahasachiv

3 navambar, 1961 ko yoo. thant ne snyukt rashtr mahasachiv ka pad grahan kiya, jab ve sarvasammati se snyukt rashtr mahasabha aur snyukt rashtr suraksha parishad ki sipharish par snyukt rashtr suraksha parishad ke prastav 168, snkalp 168 ke antargat daig haimaraskjonld ke sthan par mahasachiv niyukt kie ge. 30 navambar, 1962 ko unhen snyukt rashtr mahasabha ke dvara prastav parit karake pun: 30 navambar, 1966 ko samapt hone vali avadhi ke bad hetu mahasachiv niyukt kiya gaya. is pad par ve 31 disambar, 1971 tak rahe. 1965 men unhen antarrashtriy sadbhav ke lie 'javaharalal neharoo puraskar' pradan kiya gaya tha.

mrityu

25 navambar, 1974 ko nyooyaaurk men phephadon ke kainsar se yoo. thant ki mrityu ho gayi. ullekhaniy hai ki 2 march, 1962 ko yoo nu ki sarakar ke takhtapalat ke bad ni bin ne barma shasan ko sambhala. isilie tatkalik rashtrapati ni bin yoo. thant se eershya karate the. unhonne thant ki mrityu ke bad adesh jari kiya tha ki yoo. thant ko kisi bhi sarakari bhagidari ya samaroh ke bina hi daphan kiya jaye. yahi karan tha ki jab nyooyark sthit snyukt rashtr mukhyalay se unake mrit sharir ko rngoon le jaya gaya, tab rngoon havaee adde par tatkalin upashikshamntri ke alava any koee sarakari adhikari ya barma sarakar ke uchch padasth vyakti maujood nahin the. bad men us upashikshamntri ko tatkalik barma sarakar ne barkhast kar diya tha. kaha jata hai ki antarrashtriy kad dekar barmi janata ne unhen jo sarvochch samman diya, vah kisi bhi bade samman se kahin jyada bada hai. ve aj bhi barmi janata ke dilon men base huye hai.

sngrahalay

myanmar sarakar ne snyukt rashtr ke poorv mahasachiv yoo. thant ke yangoon sthit avas ko sngrahalay men tabdil kar diya hai. yoo. thant ki putri ay ay thant ke netritv men ek dal sngrahalay ki dekharekh karata hai. yah sngrahalay, yoo thant instityoot dvara snchalit kie ja rahe shaikshik karyakramon ki janakari pradan karata hai. yahan snyukt rashtr ke tisare mahasachiv rahe yoo. thant ki tasviron aur unake dastavejon ko bhi pradarshit kiya gaya hai. antarrashtriy mnch par yoo. thant ko ek sarvadhik adaraniy neta mana jata raha hai. unhonne myanmar aur vishv star par shanti prakriyaon men badi bhoomika nibhaee thi.[1]

subbulakshmi ko samman

em. es. subbulakshmi jo ki bharat ke sarvochch nagarik samman 'bharat ratn' se sammanit hone vali pahali bharatiy sngitakar thin, unhen aktoobar, 1966 men snyukt rashtr ke tatkalin mahasachiv yoo. thant ne snyukt rashtr mahasabha men prastuti dene ke lie amntrit kiya tha. subbulakshmi vahan prastuti dene vali pahali bharatiy kalakar thin.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yoo. thant ka avas sngrahalay men tabdil (hindi) nayaindia.com. abhigaman tithi: 03 disambar, 2016.
  2. em es subbulakshmi par dak tikat jari karega yooen (hindi) hindi.yourstory.com. abhigaman tithi: 03 disambar, 2016.

snbndhit lekh

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