रजनी कोठारी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajani kothari
rajani kothari
poora nam rajani kothari
janm 1928 ee.
mrityu 19 janavari, 2015
mrityu sthan dilli
abhibhavak phauja lal kothari (pita)
pati/patni hnsa kothari
sntan putr- milon aur ashish
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shikshak, lekhak, rajinitik vicharak
mukhy rachanaen paaulitiks in indiya (1970) kast in indiyan paaulitiks (1973), rithinking demokresi (2005) adi
bhasha angrezi
puraskar-upadhi rait laivalihud puraskar (1985)
vishesh yogadan 'lokayan' aur 'vikasashil samaj adhyayan pith' (si.es.di.es.) ki sthapana
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari rajani kothari 'pipuls yooniyan aauf sivil libartij' ke rashtriy adhyaksh bhi rahe. kothari ji ne apani pratibha ka istemal dalit-pichhadi rajaniti ko sootrabaddh karane aur antarrashtriy star par bhoomandalikaran ki taqaton ke khilaf bauddhik nakebndi karane ke lie kiya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

rajani kothari (angrezi: Rajni Kothari, janm- 1928 ee. mrityu: 19 janavari, 2015) bharat ke prasiddh shikshavid, lekhak, rajanitik siddhantakar tatha rajaniti vigyani the. inhonne varsh 1963 men 'si.es.di.es.' (vikasashil samaj adhyayan pith) ki sthapana ki thi. yah dilli sthit samaj vigyan tatha manaviki se sambndhit anusndhan snsthan hai. kothari ji 'pipuls yooniyan aauf sivil libartij' ke rashtriy adhyaksh bhi rahe. apane rachanakal ke tisare daur men unhonne adhunikata ke vaicharik dhanche ko kharij kiye bina vaikalpik rajaniti ka sndhan karane ka prayas kiya tha. 'lokayan' namak snsthan ki sthapana rajani kothari dvara varsh 1980 men ki gee thi. kothari ji ne apani pratibha ka istemal dalit-pichhadi rajaniti ko sootrabaddh karane aur antarrashtriy star par bhoomandalikaran ki taqaton ke khilaf bauddhik nakebndi karane ke lie kiya.

janm tatha shiksha

rajani kothari ka janm 1928 men ek samriddh gujarati vyaparik gharane men hua tha. unake pita barma men hiron ka vyapar kiya karate the. unaki shuruati shiksha-diksha ayngaron dvara chalae jane vale rngoon ke ek skool men huee. parivar men bauddhikata ki koee parampara n hone ke bavajood rajani kothari ke pita ne unhen sushikshit karane men koee kasar n chhodi. unaka bachapan barma ke apekshakrit khule samaj men bita. ghar ki chhaton par hone vale samoohik nrityon, mngol aur bauddh snskriti ke mile-jule lubhavane roop, dakshin bharatiy chettiyaron, gujarati baniyon, voharaon, khojaon aur musalaman vyapariyon ke mishrit bharatiy samuday ke bich guzare gaye shuruati varshon ne unhen ek udar manas pradan kiya.

bharatiy marksavad ke vyakhyata

'lndan skool aauf ikaaunaaumiks' se uchch shiksha prapt karane ke bad rajani kothari ne kuchh din badodara men klasikal arthashastr padhaya. is dauran ve bharatiy marksavad ke prarambhik vyakhyata aur bad men raidikal manavatavad ke pramukh pravakta manavendranath ray se bhi prabhavit hue. apane jivan ke antim daur men patni hnsa kothari aur bade bete smitu kothari ke nidhan se ahat profesar kothari dilli sthit avas men apana samay guzarate hain.

rajanitik chintan

apane rajanitik chintan ki shuruat men rajani kothari ne bharatiy samaj aur rajaniti ke tathyagat vishleshan ko prathamikata di. khas bat yah hai ki is prakriya men ve pratyakshavadi ravaiye se prabhavit nahin hue. yah daur vah tha, jab sath ke dashak men neharoo yug apane patakshep ki taraf dekh raha tha. yah ek snkramanakalin samay tha, jisamen lokatntr ke kshay aur nash ki bhavishyavaniyan ho rahi thin.  isi mahaul men kothari ji ne bharatiy lokatntr ke maaudal ki vishishtata ki shinakht karane men pramukh bhoomika nibhayi. us samay adhikatar samaj-vigyani bharatiy anubhav ko pashchimi lokatntron ke anubhav ki roshani men dekhane ki koshish kar rahe the.

lekhan kary

isi samay rajani kothari samajashastri shyama charan dube ke protsahan par 'rashtriy samudayik vikas snsthan' se jud gaye. unhonne apane fild vark ke dauran poore desh ka saghan daura kiya. ve aise ilakon men bhi gaye, jahan jana amataur se kafi mushkil mana jata tha. is anubhav ne unhen badalate hue ya badalane ke lie taiyar bharat ke darshan karaye. tabhi ek sukhad snyog ke tahat unhen 'bhavanagar' (gujarat) men kangres ke ek adhiveshan ko dekhane ka mauka mila. unhin dinon tatkalin 'ikaaunaaumik vikali' (aj ka eepidablyoo) ke chhah ankon men unaki ek lekhamala chhapi, jisaka shirshak tha- ‘bharatiy rajaniti ka roop aur sar’. in lekhon ne unake qadam rajanitishastr ki duniya men jama diye. inamen kramashah kendr-rajy snbndh, pnchayati raj, sarakar ke snsadiy roop, afasarashahi, daliy pranali aur ant men lokatntr ke bhavishy par gahan charcha ki gayi thi. is lekhamala men jis saiddhantik dhanche ka istemal kiya gaya tha, usi ne age chal kar kothari ke vishad vanmay ki adharashila rakhi. in lekhon ki prakriti vivadatmak thi. unhonne ek trikonatmak kasauti pesh ki, jisaka ek kon tha lokatntr ke many siddhanton ka, doosara kon tha pashchimi duniya ke lokatantrik anubhavon ka aur tisara kon tha bharatiy anubhav ki vishishtata ka. isase pahale rajanitishastr men snsthagat aur snvidhanagat adhyayan hi hua karate the. rajaniti ke vikasakram ko dekhane ki yah ek anoothi nigah thi.

srijanashilata

indira gandhi ne jab satta men vapasi ki to rajani kothari ne apani rachanaon men duniya ke paimane par 'uttar' banam 'dakshin', yani 'vikasit' banam 'avikasit' ka dvndv rekhankit karate hue rajy aur chunavi rajaniti ke pare jane ki tajavizen vikasit karane ki koshish shuroo ki. isi mukam par unhonne gair-parti rajaniti ke siddhantikaran men apana yogadan kiya. kothari ki srijanashilata ka yah doosara daur khasa lamba sabit hua. unhonne pashchim ke sabhyatamoolak pratimanon ko chunauti dene vale gandhi ke vicharon ka sahara liya aur ek naya yootopiya pesh karane ki koshish ki. apane isi daur men rajani kothari ne mahaz buddhijivi rahane ke bajay samajik-rajanitik karyakarta ki bhoomika bhi grahan ki. unhonne apane sahayogi vidvanh dhiroobhaee sheth dvara sthapit 'lokayan' namak adhyayan karyakram men bhagidari ki, jisaka makasad gair-parti rajanitik snrachanaon ko samaj-vigyan ki duniya se jodana tha.

vaikalpik rajaniti ka sndhan

apane rachanakal ke tisare daur men rajani kothari ne adhunikata ke vaicharik dhanche ko kharij kiye bina vaikalpik rajaniti ka sndhan karane ka prayas kiya. darasal, unaka yah charan alochanatmak hone ke sath-sath atmalochanatmak bhi tha. unhonne atit ke apane kee prayason ko kadi nigah se dekha aur paya ki gair-parti rajaniti vastav men vaikalpik rajaniti ke roop men vikasit nahin ho pa rahi hai. udaratavad, marksavad, gandhivad aur naye samajik andolanon ki parighatana bharatiy lokatntr ke badalate hue chehare ki vyakhya karane men asamarth hai. is mukam par kothari ni ne apani shastriy pratibha ka istemal dalit-pichhadi rajaniti ko sootrabaddh karane aur antarrashtriy star par bhoomandalikaran ki takaton ke khilaf bauddhik nakebndi karane ke lie kiya.

naye raidikalizam ki khoj

rajani kothari

bharatiy rajanitishastr ke anoothe achary rajani kothari ne agar zindagi ke shuruati daur men apane pita phauja lal kothari ki bat man li hoti to ve vidvanh banane ke bajay unhin ki tarah hiron-javaharaton ke shirsh vyapari hote. lekin, kothari ne aisa nahin kiya, aur pita ke dehant ke bad apane hisse men ayi sampatti ka kuchh bhag bech kar yoorop chale gaye jahan gyan ki khoj men ve jarmani se lndan tak gaye aur ant men lndan skool aauph ikaaunaaumiks aind paaulitikal sains se padhaee karane ke bad bharat laute. yah rajani kothari hi the jinhonne sath ke dashak ki shuruat men chhapi apani pahali lekhamala aur pahali pustak 'paaulitiks in indiya' se raj, samaj aur rajaniti ke adhyayan ke sthapit ayamon ka khandan karate hue rajanitikaran ke zariye bharat jaise paramparik samaj ke adhunikikaran ki thisis di. unhonne do atynt mahastravapoorn rachanaen aur kin jinamen ek thi 'bharat ki kangres pranali' aur doosari thi 'jatiyon ka rajanitikaran'. kangres ko bharatiy samaj ki vishishtataon se anukoolit ek 'sistam' ke roop men dekh kar kothari ne jahan yah pradarshit kiya ki kangres ke itane dirghakalin varchasv ka adhar kya hai, vahan neharoo ke avasan ke bad sath ke dashak ke antim varshon men unhonne tark diya ki ab kangres pranali yon apani chaudharahat kayam nahin rakh paegi. kothari ne apani sabase prabhavi thisis jatiyon ke rajanitikaran ke roop men di.
parampara ke adhunikikaran ki apani buniyadi samajh par bharosa karate hue kothari ne adbhut pratibha aur kaushal ke sath dikhaya ki jatiyan adhunik rajaniti men bhagidari karane ke dauran kis tarah badal jati hain. unake karmakandiy svaroop ka kshay hota hai aur ve sekular roop grahan karati chali jati hain. is tarah rajaniti par jativad havi nahin hota, balki jatiyon ka rajanitikaran ho jata hai. chunavi adhyayanon aur apane phildavark ke sath-sath jati-pratha ke akadamiy adhyayan ke dauran kothari jati ki snrachana ki ek aisi khoobi dekh pane men saphal rahe jis par us samay tak logon ka dhyan nahin gaya tha. unhen laga ki koee jati sirph sajatiy vivah, karmakandiy chhuachhoot aur riti-rivajon ke zariye doosari jati se doori bana kar hi nahin rakhati, balki kuchh aur bhi karati hai. jatiyan tarah-tarah ki dalabndiyon, jatiy vibhedon, vibhinn tabakon men gathabndhan-punargathabndhan aur samajik pragati ki lagatar koshishon men bhi bhagidari karati hain. jati ke karmakandiy roop ke mu़kabale yah usaka sekular roop hai. bharat hi nahin, bhoomndaliy paimane par samajik nyay ki khoj karate hue rajani kothari ka snkalp tha vikalp ki khoj karana. bharat ke sthapit rajanitik abhijanon ke kshamatavihin ho jane ke bad unhen lagata tha ki rajaniti se judi asny janata rajy aur usake niyamakon par bharosa karane ke bajay apana bhavishy apane hath men lene vali hai. udaratavadi lokatntr nahin, rajani kothari ka yootopiya pratyaksh lokatntr ka maaudal ki or jhuk raha tha aur rajanitishastr ki duniya ek aur vicharojak sootrikaran ki ahaten sunane vali thi. agar bhrashtachar virodhi andolan ke uchhal ke dinon men kothari lagatar asvasth rahane ke karan apekshakrit nishkriyata ke shikar n ho gaye hote, to ve nishchit roop se ek naye raidikalizam ke roop men samane ate.[1]

samachar

19 janavari, 2015 somavar

rajanitik vicharak rajani kothari ka nidhan

rajanitik vicharak rajani kothari ka 19 janavari, 2015 ko somavar subah nidhan ho gaya. vo 85 varsh ke the. ve vikasashil samaj adhyayan pith (siesadies) ke snsthapak the. 1963 men unhonne siesadies ki sthapana ki. yah dilli men sthit samaj vigyan aur manaviki se sambandhit anusndhan ka snsthan hai. isake sath-sath unhonne 1980 men 'lokayan' nam ke snsthan ki bhi sthapana ki. kothari ne gair-daliy rajaniti ke siddhanton ko bhi samane rakha. kothari ek bade rachanakar rahe. 1969 men unaki pahali pustak 'paaulitiks in indiya' prakashit huee. ye pustak bharatiy rajaniti ko samajhane ka tarkapoorn maaudal pesh karati hai.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dube, abhay kumar. rajani kothari: naye raidikalizam ki khoj (hindi) ebipi nyooz. abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2015.

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