चमड़ा उद्योग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
chamada karakhana ke vibhinn drishy
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chamada udyog bharat ke rozagar ke sarvadhik avasar pradan karane vale udyogon men se ek hai. khasakar kamazor tabake ko rozagar v utthan ke raste par lane ke lie is udyog ka bada yogadan hai. chamada udyog men mahilaon ko bhi khoob mauka milata hai.

  • bharat ke lagabhag har ganv men is udyog ka koee n koee kam sampann kiya jata hai.
  • joote, chamade ke vastr, chamade ke baig, ghode ki jin, jal bharane ke mashak, jal nikalane ke charas v any saman banane vali ikaiyon se lakhon logon ko rozagar mil raha hai. yahi nahin joota niryatak knpaniyan v chamade ka saman banane vali knpaniyon men bhi is udyog ke janakaron ko mauka milata hai.
  • chamada udyog men kachchi khal aur chamada nikalane ke sath sath use utpad yogy banane v dhulaee ka kam bhi ata hai.
  • uttar pradesh ka kanapur nagar isake lie vishesh prasiddh hain.
  • bade ya chhote pashuon ki saf ki huee khal ko rasayanik prakriya dvara 'kamakar' chamada banaya jata hai. bina kamaee khal sadane lagati hai.
  • snsar ka lagabhag 90 pratishat chamada bade pashuon, jaise gojatiy pashuon evn bhed tatha bakaron ki khalon se banata hai, kintu ghoda, sooar, kngaroo, hiran, sarisrip, samudri ghoda aur jalavyaghr ki khalen bhi nyoonadhik roop men kam men ati hain.
  • khal utpadan-ankadon ko dekhane se gyat hota hai ki san 1955 men khal-utpadak deshon men bharat ka badi khalen paida karane men dvitiy tatha bakari aur memanon ki khalen paida karane men sarvapratham, sthan tha.
  • charmapak rasayanik parivartan hai jisake phalasvaroop chamada banata hai. prachinatam kal men isake liye keval vanaspati varg ke padarth prayukt hote the, kintu adhunik audyogiki ne charmapak ke liye anek rasayanik dravyon ka avishkar kiya hai. adhikatam chamada krom vidhi se banata hai, kintu kuchh chamade abhi tak vanaspatik charmapak dvara taiyar kie jate hain.
khal ke prakar

khal men do prakar ki suspasht paraten hoti hain, jinaki utpatti tatha vinyas bhinn hota hai:

  1. epithilial koshikaon ki bani patali oopari tah, epidarmis[1]
  2. isake niche vali sapekshat: atyadhik moti tah, darmis ya koriyam


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. isake chhote-chhote avanayanon men balagart or bal sthit rahate hain.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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