उर्वरक उद्योग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

urvarak udyogon ke vikas ka shrey vartaman ke vaigyanik krishi ko jata hai. kyoki inake prayog se ek or to phasalon ka utpadan badha hai. doosari or bhoomi ki urvarata bhi sakaratmak roop se prabhavit huee hai. choonki krishi phasalen mitti ke khanij tatvon tatha naitrojan, phasphoras, gndhak, potaishiyam, maignishiyam, kailshiyam, evn lauh tatvon ko tivrata se grahan karati hai. atev mitti ki urvarata ko banaye rakhane ke lie urvarakon ka prayog kiya jata hai. yah svatntr bharat ka sabase navin udyog hain tatha bharat men harit kranti ki saphalata ka shrey is udyog ko bhi hai.

aitihasik roop se desh men supar phasphet urvarak ka pahala karakhana 1906 men tamilanadu ke ranipet namak sthan par sthapit kiya gaya tha. 1944 men karnatak ke bailegul namak sthan par 'maisoor kemikals end phartilaijars' ke nam se amoniya urvarak ka karakhana sthapit kiya gaya. 1947 men amoniyam salphet ka pahala karakhana keral ke alavaye namak sthan par khola gaya.

urvarak karakhane

bharat men sarvajanik evn niji dono kshetron men urvarak ka utpadan kiya jata hai. bharat ke pramukh sarvajanik kshetr ke nigam evn unake snrakshakatv men sthapit urvarak karakhane nimnalikhit hain-

bharatiy urvarak nigam

bharatiy urvarak nigam (phartilaijar karporeshan aauph indiya) ki sthapana 1951 men huee thi. yah bharat ka sabase bada sarvajanik kshetr ka nigam hai. isake antargat

  1. sindari (3 ikaiyan, sthapana- 1951 men , eshiya ka sabase bada urvarak snyatr)
  2. gorakhapur (uttar pradesh)
  3. ramagundam (andhr pradesh)
  4. talachar (udisa)
  5. trambe (mumbee) adi karakhane sthapit kiye gaye hain.
hindustan urvarak nigam
svatntrata prapti ke pashchath se bharat men urvarakon ka utpadan
ayat evn upabhog
varsh utpadan
(hazar tan)
ayat
(hazar tan)
upabhog
(hazar tan)
1960-61 150 419 292
1970-71 1059 629 2177
1980-81 3005 2759 5516
1990-91 9045 2758 12546
1995-96 11335 3955 13877
1996-97 11155 1975 14308
1997-98 13062 3174 16188
1998-99 13621 3145 16798
1999-2000 14289 4075 18069
2000-2001 14704 2090 16702
2001-2002 14628 2399 17360
2002-2003 14468 1674 16094
2003-2004 14265 2018 16798
2004-2005 15405 2753 18398
2005-2006 15575 5254 20340
2006-2007 16095 6080 21652 (anumanit)

is nigam ke adhin sthapit kiye gaye karakhane hai-

  1. barauni (bihar-2 ikaiyan)
  2. nagaroop (asam)
  3. haldiya (pashchim bngal)
bharatiy krishak urvarak sahakari nigam (iphako)

isaki sthapana 1967 men ki gayi thi. isake antargat sthapit ikaiyan hain- gujarat men kalol tatha kachchh evn uttar pradesh men anvala (bareli) tatha phoolapur (ilahabad).

kribhako ya krishak bharati ko-aauparetiv

san 1980 men isaki sthapana rashtriy star ki sahakari snstha ke roop men ki gayi thi. isake adhin gujarat ke hajira namak sthan par ek vishal urvarak snyantr sthapit kiya gaya hai.

neshanal phartilaijars li.

isake adhin sthapit kiye gaye karakhane nangal tatha bhatinda (pnjab), panipat (hariyana) tatha guna (madhy pradesh) men sthit hain, jabaki udyog mandal (alavaye), kochin pratham tatha dvitiy karakhanen phartilaijars end kemikals travanakor li. ke adhin hai.

rajyon ki drishti se

rajyon ki drishti se tamilanadu men nevali, ranipet, innaur, koyambatoor, kudaloo, tootikorin, avadi tatha manali men; gujarat men kandala, badodara, udhana, hajira bhavanagar men; andhr pradesh men vishakhapatanam, maulali (haidarabad), tadepalli, tanookoo, nidadavala, ramagundam men; jharakhand men sindari, jamashedapur, bokaro tatha dhanavad; bihar men dalamiya nagar tatha barauni men; uttar pradesh me kanapur, gorakhapur tatha ilahabad (phoolapur) men; udisa men raurakela, prayadvip talachar men; rajasthan men khetadi, saladipur (sikar) tatha kota men; maharashtr men mumbee, trambe, ambaranath tatha loni kalamor men; asam men namaroop tatha chandrapur men; pashchim bngal men barnapur, haldiya, risara tatha kharadah men; karnatak men mngalor, belagula tatha munirabad men evn dilli men urvarak karakhanen sthapit hain.

urvarak ka utpadan

bharat men aj bhi urvarak ka utpadan avashyakata se kam kiya jata hai. kul mang ke lagabhag 45 pratishat videshon se ayat karana padata hai jo snyukt rajy amarika, roos, japan tatha poorvi yoorop ke deshon se hota he. 2006-2007 men kul 16095 hazar tan urvarak ka utparan kiya gaya jabaki is dauran kul 6080 hazar tan urvarak ayat kiye gaye.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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