सीमेंट उद्योग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

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siment ka karakhana, tamilanadu

siment udyog kachcha mal adharit udyog hai. siment ko bhavan nirman ki pramukh samagri ke roop men manyata prapt hai. utpadan evn vitaran pratiroop ki drishti se bharat ka tamilanadu rajy sarvadhik siment utpadak rajy hai. yahan ke pramukh karakhane talaiyooth, shnkaridurg, dalamiyapuramh, tirunelveli, tulukapatti, alngulam, pulayur, madhukkaree rajamalayam adi hai.

karakhanon ki sthapana

  • vishv men sabase pahale adhunik dhng ki siment ka nirman 1824 men briten ke 'portalaind' namak sthan par kiya gaya tha. jisake nam par aj bhi isen 'portalaind siment' kaha jata hai.
  • bharat men adhunik dhng ki siment banane ka pahala karakhana 1904 men chennee men lagaya gaya, jo asaphal raha.
  • 1912-13 ki avadhi men 'indiyan siment kn. li.' dvara gujarat ke porabandar namak sthan par karakhane ki sthapana ki gayi, jisase aktoobar 1914 men utpadan prarambh hua.
  • pratham vishv yuddh kal men hi 'kilik niksan kn.' dvara rajasthan ke lakhera-boondi tatha khataoo kn. dvara madhy pradesh ke katani namak sthan par siment karakhane sthapit kiye gaye.
  • 1934 men desh men siment ka utpadan badhane ke lie esosieted siment kn. li. ki sthapana ki gayi.
  • 1950-51 men bharat men jahan matr 21 karakhanon men siment ka utpadan kiya jata tha vahin vartaman men inaki snkhya badhakar 144 ho gayi hai.

siment nirman

siment ke nirman ke lie bhari matra men kachche mal ka prayog kiya jata hai, jisamen choona, patthar, jipsam tatha koyala pramukh hai. inaki dhulaee par ane vale adhik kharch ko bachane ke lie siment karakhane prayah kachche mal ke kshetron ke samip hi sthapit kiye jate hain. vartaman samay men lauh ispat udyog ki bhattiyon se nikalane vale kachare (slaig) ka bhi siment nirman men prayong kiya jane laga hai. bharat men prati vyakti siment ka upabhog any vikasit deshon ki apeksha bahut kam hai. 1985 men jahan bharat men 40 kigra. prati vyakti upabhog kiya jata tha, vahin japan men 631 kigra., svitajaralaind men 546 kigra. poorv soviyat sngh men 383 kigra. tatha beljiyam men 763 kigra., prati vyakti upabhog hota tha. 2006-07 men desh men kul 1547 lakh mitrik tan siment ka utpadan hua.

siment karakhane

  1. tamilanadu- talaiyooth, tirunalavaili, alngulam, tirunelveli, tulukapatti, rajamalayam, shnkaridurg, pulayur, madhukkari adi.
  2. jharakhand- sindari, banjari, jaubas, khilari, japala, tatha kalyanapur.
  3. bihar- dalamiya nagar.
  4. madhy pradesh- kaimoor, katani, satana, niyor, gvaliyar, jabalapur, mndhar, damoh, itarasi adi.
  5. chhattisagadh- durg, banamor, rayapur, adi.
  6. gujarat- sikka (jamanagar), ahamadabad, dvarika, porabandar, sivaliya, ranabav, okhamandal.
  7. karnatak- bngalor, shahabad, bhadravati, bagalakot, kurakunta tatha bijapur.
  8. andhr pradesh- guntoor, kurnool, mngalagiri, machharela, basant nagar, mancheriyal, paniyam, krishna tatha vijayavada.
  9. rajasthan- lakheri, savaee madhopur, chittaudagadh, churoo, nimbaheda, vyavar, udayapur, medak.
  10. hariyana- soorajapur tatha dalamiya dadri.
  11. keral- kottayam.
  12. uttar pradesh- churk, chopan, kanapur tatha dala.
  13. udisa- rajagngapur, hirakund.
  14. maharashtr- chandrapur.
  15. jammoo kashmir- booyan.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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