रक्तस्राव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(angrezi: Haemorrhage) raktasrav shabd ka arth hai rudhir vahikaon se rakt ka bahar nikalana. jab tak rudhir vahikaon men darar, ya chhidr n ho, tab tak raktasrav ka hona snbhav nahin hai. chot ya rog ke karan hi rudhiravahikaon men darar ya chhidr hote hain. chot lagane par tatkal raktasrav hona prathamik raktasrav kahalata hai aur chot lagane ke kuchh kal pashchath‌ raktasrav hona gaun raktasrav kahalata hai. yadi rakt dhamani se bahar nikalata hai, to yah dhamaniy raktasrav kahalata hai. is raktasrav ka rng chamakila lal hota hai aur yah hriday ke spndan ke samakalik hota hai. shira se bahar nikalane vale rakt ka rng kalima lie lal hota hai aur ghav se bahata hai. keshika se sravit hone vale raktasrav ka rng uparyukt donon sravon ke rng ke bich ka hota hai aur tvacha par keval chhota sa lal dhabba pad jata hai. vaman, mootr tatha thook men mila hua rakt nikal sakata hai, ya nak se naksir phootane ke karan raktasrav hota hai. amashay ya pakvashay men vran ho jane par raktasrav hone lagata hai. svayn rudhiravahikaon ke rugn hone par evn uchch raktachap ke karan dhamaniyon men darar pad jati hai aur raktasrav hone lagata hai. mastishk ke ootakon se raktasrav hone par raktamoorchchha ho jati hai.

prakritik kshamata

svasth vyaktiyon men raktasrav rokane ki prakritik kshamata hoti hai. yadi aisa n ho to tvacha ke kat jane, athava chhil jane, par ghatak raktasrav hone lagata hai. jin vyaktiyon men raktasrav ko rokane ki prakritik kshamata nahin hoti ve paitrik raktasrav se pidit rahate hain.[1]

hani

raktasrav ki gati aur pariman par hi raktasrav se hone vali hani nirbhar rahati hai. mnd gati se adhik samay tak hone vale raktasrav ke karan raktakshinata namak rog ho jata hai. ekaek adhik pariman men hone vala raktasrav ghatak hota hai aur uchit chikitsa ke abhav men mrityu ho jati hai.

vishesh chikitsa

tvacha ke mamooli chhil jane, ya kat jane athava naksir phoot jane par vishesh chikitsa ki avashyakata nahin hoti, par any prakar ke raktasravon ke lie vishesh chikitsa ki avashyakata hoti hai. raktasrav ko rokane ke mukhy siddhant hain-

  • raktasrav ko rokane ka prayas karana
  • rakt ke pariman ko rudhiradhan dvara samany banana tatha rogi ko shant, sukhad evn vishvasapoorn sthiti men rakhana.

savadhaniyan

  • jab adhik raktasrav ho raha ho to us samay rogi ko bina takiya ke chit letana chahie tatha rogi ko garam rakhana chahie.
  • yadi rogi ko rakt vaman n ho raha ho, to use doodh pilana chahie.
  • raktasrav vale sthan par sidhe dabav dalakar rakt bnd kiya jata hai.
  • dhamaniy raktasravon ko rokane ke lie raktabndh ka upayog kiya jata hai.
  • shalyakarm ke samay raktavahikaon ko bandhakar raktasrav rokate hain, ya aise abhikarmakon ka upayog karate hain jo rakt ka gadha karate hain.
  • shiriy evn keshikiy raktasrav ko rokana sahaj kary hai kintu dhamaniy raktasrav ko rokane men kathinaee hoti hai.
  • dhamaniy raktasrav rokane ke lie tatkal daauktar dvara upachar karana chahie, anyatha vilnb ke karan adhik raktasrav ho jane par rogi ke mar jane ka bhay rahata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

hindi vishv kosh (khand 10) pej n., ajit narayan meharotra

  1. dekhen paitrik raktasrav

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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