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चिदंबरम मंदिर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chidnbaram mndir
chidnbaram mndir
varnan yah mndir nataraj ke roop men bhagavan shiv ko samarpit hai. mndir men kee kansy pratimaen hain, jo sambhavatah 10vin-12vin sadi ke chol kal ki hain.
sthan chidnbaram, tamilanadu
devi-devata shiv aur parvati
vastukala dravid vastukala shaili
bhaugolik sthiti 11°23′58″ uttar, 79°41′36″ poorv
marg sthiti puducheri se dakshin ki or 78 kilomitar ki doori par aur chennee shahar se lagabhag 245 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai.
any janakari hindoo sahity ke anusar chidnbaram mndir un panch pavitr shiv mndiron men se ek hai, jo prakritik ke panch mahatvapoorn tatvon ka pratinidhitv karata hai.

chidnbaram mndir ya nataraj mndir tamilanadu rajy ke chidnbaram shahar men sthit hai. yah mndir nataraj ke roop men bhagavan shiv ko samarpit hai. mndir men kee kansy pratimaen hain, jo sambhavatah 10vin-12vin sadi ke chol kal ki hain. chidnbaram ke is mndir men pravesh ke lie bhavy gopuram bane hain, jo nau mnjile hain. isaka sabhagrih 1,000 se adhik stambhon par tika hai. in gopuron par moortiyon tatha anek prakar ki chitrakari ka ankan hai. inake niche 40 phut oonche, 5 phut mote tanbe ki patti se jude hue patthar ke chaukhate hain. mndir ke shikhar ke kalash sone ke hain.

shiv ka alaukik roop

chidnbaram mndir dakshin bharat ke purane mndiron men se ek hai, jo ek hindoo mndir hai. yah tamilanadu ki rajadhani chennee se 245 kilomit door chennee-tnjavur marg par sthit hai. is mndir ke bare men kaha jata hai ki bhagavan shiv ne annd nrity ki prastuti yahin ki thi, isalie is jagah ko 'annd tandav' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yah mndir bhagavan shiv ko samarpit hai. mndir ke mahatv ka andaja isi bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki yah bharat ke panch pavitr shiv mndiron men se ek hai. mndir shahar ke madhy men sthit hai. isaki vishalata ka andaja isi bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki yah 40 ekad kshetr men phaila hua hai. yah mndir bhagavan shiv ke ek any roop nataraj aur govindaraj perumal ko samarpit hai, jo ati prachin aur aitihasik mndir hai. is mndir ke bare men log yahi kahate hain ki desh men bahut kam mndir aise hain, jahan shiv v vaishnav donon devata ek hi sthan par pratishthit hain. mndir men kul nau dvar aur char pagode ya gopuram hain.[1]

‘tandav nrity’ karati hain moortiyan

dakshin bharat ki chidnbaram mndir ki moortiyan ‘tandav nrity’ karati hai. vishv ke sahity evn kala ke itihas men aisa koee bhi udaharan prapt nahin hai, jisamen shabd ko adhar manakar usake arth ki abhivynjana pratima kala ke roopon men ki gee hai. natyashastr par adharit kala men chidnbaram mndir men utkirnit nataraj ki shatadhik nrity ki bhngimaon ka nirman sahity evn kala ki drishti se advitiy evn kala ki drishti se advitiy evn apratim hai. dravid mndir vastu shaili men nirmit chidnbaram ka nataraj mndir dakshin bharat ke mndiron men advitiy evn apratim hain. satavin shatabdi se lekar 16vin sadi tak chidnbaram mndir ke vikas men pandy, chol, vijayanagar ke nareshon, sthaniy mahajanon tatha janagan ka mahatvapoorn yogadan raha, jinhonne mndir ke stnbhon aur divaron par nataraj ki nrity mudra ki pratimaon ko natyashastriy adhar par utkirn karaya. chidnbaram mndir men nataraj ki tandav nrity ki 108 mudraen ko bharat ke natyashastr men varnit bhngimaon ka moortaroop hain.[2]
chidnbaram mndir

mndir ki visheshata

nataraj shiv ki moorti mndir ki ek anoothi visheshata hai. nataraj abhooshanon se lade hue hain, jinaki chhavi anupam hai. yah moorti bhagavan shiv ko bharatanatyam nrity ke devata ke roop men prastut karati hai. bataya jata hai ki yah un kuchh mndiron men se ek hai, jahan shiv ko prachin lingam ke sthan par manavaroopi moorti ke roop men pratishthit kiya gaya hai. mndir men panch angan hain. shiv ke nataraj svaroop ke nrity ka svami hone ke karan bharatanatyam ke kalakaron men bhi is jagah ka kuchh khas mahatv hai. mndir ki banavat is tarah hai ki isake har patthar aur khnbhe par bharatanatyam nrity ki mudraen ankit hain. mndir ke kendr aur ambalam ke samane bhagavan shivakam sundari (parvati) ke sath sthapit hain. mndir ki any khasiyaton men shumar hai chidnbaram mndir ka rahasy. is rahasy ko janane ke lie apako ek tay rashi yahan deni padati hai. mndir ki dekh-rekh aur pooja-path parnparik pujari karate hain. halanki sara prabndhan shraddhaluon dvara chadhave aur dan ke roop men die ge dhan se hi hota hai. mndir shiv kshetram ke roop men bhi prasiddh hai.

govindaraj mndir

govindaraj aur pndarigavalli ka mndir bhi chidnbaram mndir ke isi bhavan men sthit hai, jo shiv ke bilkul nikat sthapit hai. mndir men ek bahut hi khoobasoorat talab aur nrity parisar bhi hai. yahan har sal nrity mahotsav ka ayojan kiya jata hai, jisamen desh bhar se kalakar hissa lete hain.

panch sabhaon vala haaul

panch sabhaon vala haaul bhi yahan dekhane layak hai, jo devi-devataoen ke snsar men vicharan karane ke lie badhy kar deta hai. yahan bhagavan nataraj apane sahachari ke sath rahate the. dakshini manyata ke anusar, bhagavan devi kali ke sath yahin nrity kiya karate the. mndir ke charon or jal sarovar bhakton ko shitalata ka ehasas karata hai.[1]

mahattvapoorn baten

  • devadhidev mahadev (bhagavan shiv) ko sarvochch devata ke roop men poojane vale upasakon ke lie tamilanadu ka chidnbaram/nataraj mndir astha aur saundary ke pramukh kendron men se ek hai.
  • yah mndir bhagavan shiv ko samarpit ek hindoo mndir hai jo mndiron ki nagari chidnbaram ke madhy men, puducheri se dakshin ki or 78 kilomitar ki doori par aur chennee shahar se lagabhag 245 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai.
  • hindoo sahity ke anusar chidnbaram mndir un panch pavitr shiv mndiron men se ek hai, jo prakritik ke panch mahatvapoorn tatvon ka pratinidhitv karata hai. chidnbaram mndir akash ka pratinidhitv karata hai. vahin andhr pradesh men kalahasti mndir- vayu, thiruvanaeekaval jambukesvara- jal, kanchi ekambaresvara- prithvi aur thiruvannamalaee arunachalesvara- agni ko pratinidhitv pradan karate hain.
  • lagabhag 50 ekad men phaila yah rahasyamayi mndir dravid vastukala shaili ko darshata hai. isaki snrachana apane ap men akarshak aur vishisht hai. mndir ki antarik saj-sajja aur shilpakari ke alava vishal gunbadon ne ise bhavy svaroop pradan kiya hai.
  • is mndir ki ek anoothi visheshata abhooshanon se yukt nataraj ki chhavi ke roop men bhagavan shiv ko bharatanatyam nrity ke devata ke roop men prastut kiya gaya hai. yah mndir bharat ke un ginechune mndiron men se ek hain jahan shiv ko prachin lingam ke sthan par manavaroopi moorti ke roop men pratishthit kiya gaya hai.[3]

kinvadnti

chidnbaram mndir

aisa dava kiya gaya hai ki mool roop se yah mndir bhagavan shri govind rajasvami ka nivas tha aur bhagavan shiv apani sahachari ke sath unase snpark karane ae the, jisase ki vah yugal jode ke madhy nrity pratispardha ke nirnayak ban jaen. bhagavan govind rajasvami is bat par sahamat ho ge aur aur shiv aur parvati donon ke madhy barabari par nrity pratispardha chalati rahi. darasal, isi dauran bhagavan shiv vijayi hone ki yukti janane ke lie shri govind rajasvami ke pas ge aur unhonne snket diya ki vah apane ek pair se uthaee huee mudra men nrity kar sakate hain. mahilaon ke lie, natyashastr ke anusar, yah mudra varjit thi, isilie jab antatah bhagavan shiv is mudra men a ge, to parvati ne parajay svikar kar li aur isilie is sthan par bhagavan shiv ki moorti nrity mudra men hai.[1]

kaise pahunchen

havaee seva

chidnbaram jane ke lie chennee najadiki eyaraport hai. yahan se bas ya tren ke jarie chidnbaram pahuncha ja sakata hai.

rel marg

chidnbaram chennee-tnjavur marg par chennee se 235 kimi door hai. relave steshan bhi chidnbaram nam se hi hai.

sadak marg

aauto-riksha, taiksi aur bas ke jarie chennee se 4 se 5 ghnte men chidnbaram pahuncha ja sakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 chadnbaram mndir : shiv ka mngalamay aur alaukik roop (hindi) chauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitambar, 2014.
  2. ‘tandav nrity’ karati hain chidnbaram mndir ki moortiyan (hindi) amar ujala. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitambar, 2014.
  3. yahan manavaroopi moorti ke roop men pratishthit hain bhagavan shiv (hindi) atal sndesh. abhigaman tithi: 22 sitambar, 2014.

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