पश्चिम बंगाल की संस्कृति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bngali bhojan
Bangali Food

bngaliyon ne hamesha se hi sahity, kala, sngit aur rngamnch (natak) ko snrakshan diya hai. bangla sahity ka avirbhav 12vin sadi se pahale hua. hindoo dharm ke ek snghan bhavanatmak svaroop, chaitany andolan, ko madhyakalin snt chaitany (1485-1533) ne prerit kiya, jisane 19vin sadi ke arambh tak bangla kavita ke paravarti vikas ko akar diya. isake bad pashchim ke sath hue sampark ne ek drut bahumukhi srijanatmak yug ki shuruat ki. adhunak yug men any sahityakaron ke sath nobel puraskar vijeta kavi rabindranath thakur (1861-1941) hue, jinaka yogadan aj bhi bharatiy sahityik paridrishy par chhaya hua hai.

manornjan

rngamnch yahan lokapriy hai tatha ne kalakaron ke sath-sath peshevar kalakaron dvara mnch-prastuti uchch koti ki hoti hai. jatra khule rngamnch par hone vala pamparik karyakram hai, jisaki kathavastu ab spasht roop se pauranik evn aitihasik vishayon se samakalin vishay-vastu men parivartit ho rahi hai aur yah gramin aur shahari, donon shaharon men lokapriy hai. kathakata ek dharmik jap hai aur lokagiton par adharit gramin manornjan ka ek paramparik svaroop hai.

filmodyog susthapit manornjan ka ek adhunik lokapriy sadhan hai. bangla filmon ne bharatiy kathavastuon ki utkrisht prastuti ke lie rashtriy evn antarrashtriy puraskar hasil kie hain. satyajit ray, tapan sinha, mrinal sen aur aparna sen jaise nirdeshakon ke kary ka vishisht mahatv hai.

th‍yohar

durga pooja sabase mahath‍vapoorn th‍yohar hai isake atirikt kali pooja, sarasvati pooja, dipavali. basnt pnchami, lakshh‍mi pooja, holi, shivaratri, janh‍mashh‍tami, eed, krisamas adi tyohar bhi manaye jate hain. bngal men ayojit hone vale melon men gngasagar mela, kendoli mela, jalapesh mela, rash mela tatha paush mela pramukh hain.

kolakata ki snskriti

upaniveshavadi angrezon ke dvara bhavy yooropiy rajadhani ke roop men abhikalpit kolakata ab bharat ke sabase adhik nirdhan aur sarvadhik janasnkhya vale kshetron men se ek hai. yah atyadhik vividhataon aur antarvirodhon ke shahar ke roop men vikasit hua hai. kolakata ko apani alag pahachan pane ke lie tivr yooropiy prabhav ko atmasat karana tha aur aupaniveshik virasat ki simaon se bahar ana tha. is prakriya men shahar ne poorv aur pashchim ka ek snyog bana liya, jise 19vin shatabdi ke kulin bngaliyon ke jivan karyon men abhivyakti mili. is varg ke sabase vishisht vyaktitv the, kavi aur rahasyavadi ravindranath taigor. bharatiy shaharon men sabase bada aur sabase adhik jivant yah shahar ajey lagane vali arthik, samajik v rajanitik samasyaon ke bich phala-phoola hai. yahan ke nagarikon ne atyadhik jivntata dikhaee hai, jo kala v snskriti men unaki abhiruchi aur ek star ki bauddhik ojasvita men pradarshit hoti hai. yahan ki rajanitik jagarukata desh men anyatr durlabh hai. kolakata ke pustak melon, kala pradarshaniyon aur sngit sabhaon men jaisi bhid hoti hai, vaisi bharat ke kisi any shahar men nahin hoti. divaron par vad-vivad ka achchha-khasa adan-pradan hota hai, jisake karan kolakata ko ishtaharon ka shahar kaha jane laga hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah