शिवालिक पहाड़ियाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shivalik pahadiyan bharat ke sikkim rajy men tissa nadi se pashchim-pashchimottar ki or, nepal se pashchimottar bharat ki or aur uttari pakistan ki or 1600 kimi se adhik ki doori tak vistrit men sthit hai.

  • shivalik pahadiyan ko upahimalayi shreni, shivalik parvatashreni ya bahy himalay bhi kaha jata hai.
  • kee sthanon par ye pahadiyan 16 kimi chaudi hain aur inaki ausat oonchaee 900 se 1200 mitar hai. ye pahadiyan sindhu aur gnga nadiyon (dakshin) ke maidanon se achanak uthati hain aur pramukh himalay (uttar) shreni ke samanantar hain. ye pahadiyan himalay se ghatiyon dvara vibhajit hain.
  • mana jata hai ki shivalik men asam himalay ke dakshini giripith shamil hain. jo poorv ki or 640 kimi dakshin bhootan ke par se brahmaputr nadi tak vistrit hain.
  • shivalik kahalane vali parvatashreni ka nam snskrit shabd se vyutpann hai, jisaka arth hai, shiv se snbndhit. pahale keval isi shreni ko is nam se jana jata tha, isase haridvar men gnga nadi se pashchimottar ki or vyas nadi tak phaile hue giripith shamil hain. is bhag men har jagah jhadidar jngal pae jate the, jo ab saf kie ja chuke hain.
  • pahadiyan aparadan ka shikar ho rahi hain. nishchit samayavadhi men ane vali badh ret aur gad ko bahakar nirntar parivartit hoti dharaon men le jati hai, jinhen 'chos' kaha jata hai. ye varsha ke bad ke samay ko chhodakar aksar sookhe rahate hain. pahadiyon ka nepal vala bhag chudiya shreni kahalata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh