शिव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg shiv ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- shiv (bahuvikalpi)
shiv
Shiva

shiv hindoo dharm grnth puranon ke anusar bhagavan shiv hi samast srishti ke adi karan hain. unhin se brahma, vishnu sahit samast srishti ka udbhav hota hain.

  • snkshep men yah katha is prakar hai- pralayakal ke pashchath srishti ke arambh men bhagavan narayan ki nabhi se ek kamal prakat hua aur us kamal se brahma prakat hue. brahma ji apane karan ka pata lagane ke liye kamalanal ke sahare niche utare. vahan unhonne sheshashayi bhagavan narayan ko yoganidra men lin dekha. unhonne bhagavan narayan ko jagakar poochha- 'ap kaun hain?' narayan ne kaha ki main lokon ka utpattisthal aur layasthal purushottam hoon. brahma ne kaha- 'kintu srishti ki rachana karane vala to main hoon.' brahmaji ke aisa kahane par bhagavan vishnu ne unhen apane sharir men vyapt sampoorn brahmand ka darshan karaya. is par brahma ji ne kaha- 'isaka tatpary hai ki is snsar ke strashta main aur ap donon hain.'
  • bhagavan vishnu ne kaha- 'brahmaji! ap bhram men hain. sabake param karan parameshvar eeshan bhagavan shiv ko ap nahin dekh rahe hain. ap apani yogadrishti se unhen dekhane ka prayatn kijiye. ham sabake adi karan bhagavan sadashiv apako dikhayi denge. jab brahma ji ne yogadrishti se dekha to unhen trishool dharan kiye param tejasvi nilavarn ki ek moorti dikhayi di. unhonne narayan se poochha- 'ye kaun hain? narayan ne bataya ye hi devadhidev bhagavan mahadev hain. ye hi sabako utpann karane ke uparant sabaka bharan-poshan karate hain aur ant men sab inhin men lin ho jate hain. inaka n koee adi hai n ant. yahi sampoorn jagat men vyapt hain.' is prakar brahma ji ne bhagavan vishnu ki kripa se sadashiv ka darshan kiya.
nataraj shiv kansy pratima
  • bhagavan shiv ka parivar bahut bada hai. ekadash rudraniyan, chaunsath yoginiyan tatha bhairavadi inake sahachar aur sahachari hain.
  • mata parvati ki sakhiyon men vijaya adi prasiddh hain.
  • ganapati-parivar men unaki siddhi, buddhi namak do patniyan tatha kshem aur labh do putr hain. unaka vahan mooshak hai.
  • bhagavan kartikey ki patni devasena tatha vahan mayoor hai.
  • bhagavati parvati ka vahan sinh hai tatha bhagavan shiv svayn dharmavatar nandi par aroodh hote hain.
  • yadyapi bhagavan shiv sarvatr vyapt hain, tathapi kashi aur kailas- ye do unake mukhy nivas sthan kahe gaye hain.
  • bhagavan shiv devataon ke upasy to hain hi, sath hi unhonne anek asuron- andhak, dundubhi, mahish, tripur, ravan, nivat-kavach adi ko bhi atul aishvary pradan kiya.
  • kuber adi lokapalon ko unaki kripa se yakshon ka svamitv prapt hua. sabhi devaganon tatha rishi-muniyon ko du:khi dekhakar unhonne kalakoot vish ka pan kiya. isi se ve nilakanth kahalaye. is prakar bhagavan shiv ki mahima aur nam anant hain.
shiv, parvati, ganesh aur kartikey
Shiv, Parvati, Ganesh and Kartik
  • unake anek roopon men uma-maheshvar, arddhanarishvar, pashupati, krittivasa, dakshinamoorti tatha yogishvar adi ati prasiddh hain.
  • mahabharat, adiparv ke anusar panchal naresh drupad ki putri draupadi poorvajanm men ek rishi kanya thi. usane shreshth pati pane ki kamana se bhagavan shiv ki tapasya ki thi. shnkar ne prasann hokar use var dene ki ichchha ki. usane shnkar se panch bar kaha ki vah sarvagunasnpann pati chahati hai. shnkaraji ne kaha ki agale janm men usake panch bharatavnshi pati honge, kyonki usane pati pane ki kamana panch bar doharayi thi.[1]
  • bhagavan shiv ki eeshan, tatpurush, vamadev, aghor tatha adyojat panch vishisht moortiyan aur sharv, bhav, rudr, ugr, bhim, pashupati, eeshan aur mahadev- ye ashtamoortiyan prasiddh hain.
  • somanath, mallikarjun, mahakaleshvar, onkareshvar, kedareshvar, bhimashnkar, vishveshvar, trynbak, vaidyanath, nagesh, rameshvar tatha ghushmeshvar– ye prasiddh barah jyotirling hain.
  • bhagavan shiv ke mantr-upasana men pnchakshar nam: shivay tatha mahamrityunjay vishesh prasiddh hai.
  • isake atirikt bhagavan shiv ki parthiv-pooja ka bhi vishesh mahattv hai.
  • shiv hindoo dharm ke pramukh devataon men se hain . ved men inaka nam rudr hai. yah vyakti ki chetana ke arntayami hain . inaki arddhangini (shakti) ka nam parvati aur inake putr skand aur ganesh hain.
  • shiv yogi ke roop men mane jate hain aur unaki pooja ling ke roop men hoti hai .
  • bhagavan shiv saumy evn raudraroop donon ke lie jane jate hain .
  • srishti ki utpatti, sthiti evn snhar ke adhipati hain. tridevon men bhagavan shiv snhar ke devata mane jate hain . shiv ka arth kalyanakari mana gaya hai, lekin ve unaka lay aur pralay donon par saman adhikar hai.
  • bhakt poojan men shiv ji ki arati ki jati hai.
  • shiv ji ke any bhakton men triharini bhi the aur shiv ji triharini ko apane putron se bhi adhik pyar karate the.

shivatandavastotramh

arddhanarishvar
Ardhnarishwar

jatatavi-galajjal-pravah-pavit-sthale
galeav-lamby-lambitan-bhujang-tung-malikamh
damaddamaddamaddam-nninadav-ddamarvayn
chakar-chandtandavn-tanotu-nah shivah shivamh .. 1..
jata-kata-hasn-bhram bhramanni-limp-nirjhari-
-vilolavi-chivallari-virajaman-moordhani
dhagaddhagaddhag-jjval-llalat-patt-pavake
kishorachandrashekhare ratiah pratikshann mam .. 2..

dhara-dharendr-nndini vilas-bandhu-bandhur
sphur-ddigant-santati pramod-man-manase
kripa-kataksh-dhorani-niruddh-durdharapadi
kvachi-ddigambare-mano vinodametu vastuni .. 3..

jata-bhujang-pingal-sphuratphana-mani prabha
kadamb-kunkum-drav pralipt-digv-dhoomukhe
madandh-sindhur-sphurattv-guttari-yame-dure
mano vinodamadbhutn-bibhartu-bhootabhartari .. 4..

sahasr lochan prabhrity-shesh-lekh-shekhar
prasoon-dhooli-dhorani-vidhoo-saranghri-pithabhooah
bhujangaraj-malaya-nibaddh-jatajootak:
shriyai-chiray-jayatan chakor-bandhu-shekharah .. 5..

lalat-chatvar-jvaladdhananjay-sphulingabha-
nipit-panch-sayakn-namanni-limp-nayakamh
sudha-mayookh-lekhaya-virajaman-shekharn
mahakapali-sampade-shiro-jatal-mastunah .. 6..

karal-bhal-pattika-dhagaddhagaddhag-jjval
ddhananj-yahutikrit-prachandapanch-sayake
dhara-dharendr-nandini-kuchagrachitr-patrak
-prakalp-naikashilpini-trilochane-ratirmam … 7..

navin-megh-mandali-niruddh-durdhar-sphurath
kuhoo-nishi-thini-tamah prabandh-baddh-kandharah
nilimp-nirjhari-dharast-notu kritti-sindhurah
kala-nidhan-bandhurah shriyn jagaddhurndharah .. 8..

praphull-nilapankaj-prapanch-kalimaprabha-
-valambi-kanth-kandali-ruchiprabaddh-kandharamh .
smarachchhidn purachchhidn bhavachchhidn makhachchhidn
gajachchhidandhakachhidn tamntak-chchhidn bhaje .. 9..

akharv sarv-mang-lakala-kadnbamanjari
ras-pravah-madhuri vijrinbhana-madhuvratamh
smarantakn purantakn bhavantakn makhantakn
gajant-kandh-kantakn tamantakantakn bhaje .. 10..

jayatv-dabhr-vibhr-m-bhramadbhujang-mashvas-
dvinirgamatkram-sphuratkaral-bhal-havyavath
dhimiddhimiddhimidhvananmridang-tung-mangal
dhvani-kram-pravartit prachandatandavah shivah .. 11..

drish-dvichitr-talpayorbhujang-maukti-kasrajorh
-garishtharatnaloshthayoah suhridvi-pakshapakshayoah
trishnar-vind-chakshushoah praja-mahi-mahendrayoah
samapravritikah kada sadashivn bhaje .. 12..

kada nilimp-nirjharinikunj-kotare vasanh
vimukt-durmatiah sada shirahsth-manjalin vahanh .
vimukt-lol-lochano lalam-bhalalagnakah
shiveti mantr-muchcharanh kada sukhi bhavamyahamh .. 13..

idamh hi nity-mev-muktamuttamottamn stavn
pathansmaranbruvannaro vishuddhi-meti-sntatamh
hare gurau subhakti-mashu yati nanyatha gatin
vimohann hi dehinan sushankarasy chintanamh .. 14..

poojavasanasamaye dashavaktragitn yah
shnbhupoojanaparn pathati pradoshe
tasy sthiran rathagajendraturangayuktan
lakshmin sadaiv sumukhin pradadati shnbhuah .. 15..

bhagavan shiv ke any nam
sarvgy marajith rudr shambhoo eesh pashupati shoolin maheshvar
bhagavath eeshan shnkar chandrashekhar sharv bhootesh pinaki khandaparashu
mrid mrityunjay krittivasas girish pramathadhip ugr kapardinh shrikanth
shitakinth kapalabhrit vamadev mahadev viroopaksh trilochan krishanuretash dhoorjati
nilalohit har smarahar bharg tryambak tripurantak gngadhar andhakaripu
kratudhvnsin vrishadhvaj vyomakesh bhav bhim sthanu umapati girish
yatinath
shiv ke vibhinn drishy

inhen bhi dekhen: shiv chalisa, shivaratri evn shiv ke avatar


vithika

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat, adiparv, adhyay 166, 168.

snbndhit lekh