अवतार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

avatar
bhagavat puran
vivaran hindoo dharm ki manyataon ke anusar eeshvar ka prithvi par avataran (janm lena) athava utarana hi 'avatar' kahalata hai.
avatar ka arth avatar (dhatu 'tri' evn upasarg 'av') shabd ka arth hai- utarana arthath oopar se niche ana. yah shabd devon ke lie prayukt hua hai, jo manushy athava pashu ke roop men is prithvi par avatirn hote hain aur tab tak rahate hain jab tak ki vah uddeshy, jise ve lekar yahan ate hain, poorn nahin ho jata.
avatar snkhya vibhinn granthon men avataron ki snkhya bhinn-bhinn hai. kahin ath, kahin das, kahin solah aur kahin chaubis avatar bataye ge hain, kintu vishnu ke das avatar bahumany hain. kalki avatar jise dasavan sthan prapt hai, vah bhavishy men hone vala hai.
dashavatar matsy, koorm, varah, nrisinh, vaman, parashuram, ram, krishn, buddh aur kalki
sndarbh grnth rigved, shatapath brahman, bhagavat puran, markandey puran, shiv puran
snbndhit lekh avataravad, vishnu ke avatar, shiv ke avatar
any janakari mahabharat men jitane bhi pramukh patr the ve sabhi devata, gndharv, yaksh, rudr, vasu, apsara, rakshas tatha rishiyon ke anshavatar the.

avatar (angrezi: Avatar OR Incarnation) ka hindoo dharm men bada mahattv hai. hindoo dharm ki manyataon ke anusar eeshvar ka prithvi par avataran (janm lena) athava utarana hi 'avatar' kahalata hai. hinduon ka vishvas hai ki eeshvar yadyapi sarvavyapi, sarvada sarvatr vartaman hai, tathapi samay-samay par avashyakatanusar prithvi par vishisht roopon men svayn apani yogamaya se utpann hota hai. puranon adi men avataravad ka vistrit tatha vyapakata ke sath varnan kiya gaya hai. snsar ke bhinn-bhinn deshon tatha dharmon men avataravad dharmik niyam ke saman adar aur shraddha ki drishti se dekha jata hai. poorvi aur pashchimi dharmon men yah samanyat: many tathy ke roop men svikar bhi kiya gaya hai. bauddh dharm ke mahayan pnth men avatar ki kalpana dridh mool hai. parasi dharm men anek siddhant hinduon aur visheshat: vaidik aryon ke saman hain, parntu yahan avatar ki kalpana upalabdh nahin hai.

avatar ka arth

avatar (dhatu 'tri' evn upasarg 'av') shabd ka arth hai- utarana arthath oopar se niche ana, aur yah shabd devon ke lie prayukt hua hai, jo manushy roop men ya pashu ke roop men is prithvi par ate (avatirn hote) hain aur tab tak rahate hain jab tak ki vah uddeshy, jise ve lekar yahan ate hain, poorn nahin ho jata. punarjanm eesaee dharm ke maulik siddhanton men ek hai kintu us siddhant evn bharat ke siddhant men antar hai. eesaee dharm men punarjanm ek hi hai, kintu bharatiy siddhant[1] ke anusar eeshvar ka janm kee bar ho chuka hai aur bhavishy men kee bar ho sakata hai.[2]doosare shabdon men devataon ke prakat hone ki tithiyon ko avatar kahate hain. inhen jayanti bhi kahate hain.[3]

avataravad

avataravad ko hindoo dharm men bahut hi mahattvapoorn mana gaya hai. atynt prachin kal se vartaman kal tak yah us dharm ke adharabhoot maulik siddhanton men anyatam hai. 'avatar' ka arth hai- "bhagavan ka apani svatntray shakti ke dvara bhautik jagath men moortaroop se avirbhav hona, prakat hona." avatar tatv ka dyotak prachinatam shabd 'pradurbhav' hai. shrimadbhagavat men 'vyakti' shabd isi arth men prayukt hua hai.[7] vaishnav dharm men avatar ka tathy vishesh roop se mahatvashali mana jata hai, kyonki vishnu ke par, vyooh, vibhav, antaryami tatha archa namak pncharoop dharan ka siddhant pancharatr ka maulik tatv hai. isilie vaishnav anuyayi bhagavan ke in nana roopon ki upasana apani ruchi tatha priti ke anusar adhikatar karate hain. shaiv mat men bhagavan shiv ki nana lilaon ka varnan milata hai, parntu bhagavan shiv tatha parvati ke mool roop ki upasana hi is mat men sarvatr prachalit hai.

pauranik ullekh

hindoo dharmik grnthon puranon adi men avataravad ka vistrit tatha vyapak varnan milata hai. is karan is tatv ki udbhavana puranon ki den manana kisi bhi tarah nyay nahin hai. vedon men hamen avataravad ka maulik tatha prachinatam adhar upalabdh hota hai. vedon ke anusar prajapati ne jivon ki raksha ke lie tatha srishti ke kalyan ke lie nana roopon ko dharan kiya. 'shatapath brahman'[8] men matsyaroop dharan ka snket milata hai, koorm ka shatapath[9] tatha jaiminiy brahman[10] men, varah ka taittiriy snhita[11] tatha shatapath[12] men nrisinh ka taittiriy aranyak men tatha vaman ka taittiriy snhita[13] men shabdat: tatha rigved men vishnuon men arthat: snket milata hai. rigved men trivikram vishnu ko tin dagon dvara samagr vishv ke napane ka bahush: shrey diya gaya hai.[14] age chalakar prajapati ke sthan par jab vishnu men is prakar avataron ke roop, lila tatha ghatana vaichitray ka varnan ved ke oopar hi bahush: ashrit hai.

avatar ki manyata

inamen mukhy gaun, poorn aur ansh roopon ke aur bhi anek bhed hain. avatar ka hetu eeshvar ki ichchha hai. dushkriton ke vinash aur sadhuon ke paritran ke lie avatar hota hai.[15] shatapath brahman men kaha gaya hai ki kachchhap ka roop dharan kar prajapati ne shishu ko janm diya. taittiriy brahman ke matanusar prajapati ne shookar ke roop men mahasagar ke antastal se prithvi ko oopar uthaya. kintu bahumat men kachchhap evn varah donon roop vishnu ke hain. yahan ham pratham bar avataravad ka darshan pate hain, jo samay pakar ek sarvasvikrit siddhant ban gaya. sambhavat: kachchhap evn varah hi prarambhik devaroop the, jinaki pooja bahumat dvara ki jati thi (jisamen brahmanakul bhi sammilit the). vishesh roop se matsy, kachchhap, varah evn nrisinh ye char avatar bhagavan vishnu ke prarambhik roop ke pratik hain. panchaven avatar vamanaroop men vishnu ne vishv ko tin pagon men hi nap liya tha. isaki prashnsa rigved evn brahmanon men hai, yadyapi vaman nam nahin liya gaya hai. bhagavan vishnu ke ashchary se bhare hue kary svabhavik roop men nahin kintu avataron ke roop men hi hue hain. ve roop dharmik vishvas men mahanh vishnu se prithakh nahin samajhe gaye.

bhagavan vishnu ke das avatar
pratham- matsy avatar dvitiy- koorm avatar tritiy- varah avatar chaturth- nrisinh avatar pncham- vaman avatar shashtam- parashuram saptam- ram ashtam- krishn navam- buddh dasham- kalki avatar
Matsya-Avatar.jpg
Kurma-Avatar.jpg
Varaha-Avatar-1.jpg
Narsingh-Bhagwan.jpg
Vamana.jpg
Parashurama.jpg
Lord-Rama.jpg
Krishna-03.jpg
Buddha1.jpg
Kalki.jpg

any avatar

any avatar hain- ram jamadagny, ram dasharathi, krishn evn buddh. ye vibhinn prakar evn samay ke hain tatha bharatiy dharmon men vaishnav parampara ka udghosh karate hain. age chalakar ram aur krishn ki pooja vaishnavon ki do shakhaon ke roop men many hueen. buddh ko vishnu ka avatar manana vaishnav dharm ki vyapti evn udarata ka pratik hai.

avatar snkhya

vibhinn granthon men avataron ki snkhya bhinn-bhinn hai. kahin ath, kahin das, kahin solah aur kahin chaubis avatar bataye ge hain, kintu das avatar bahumany hain. kalki avatar jise dasavan sthan prapt hai, vah bhavishy men hone vala hai. puranon men jin chaubis avataron ka varnan hai, unaki ganana is prakar se hai- narayan (virat purush), brahma, sanak-sanandan-sanatkumar-sanatan, nar-narayan, kapil, dattashrey, suyash, hayagriv, rishabh, prithu, matsy, koorm, hns, dhanvatari, vaman, parashuram, mohini, nrisinh, vedavyas, ram, balaram, krishn, buddh, kalki. kisi vishesh kendr dvara sarvavyapak paramatma ki shakti ke roop ke prakat hone ka nam avatar hai. avatar shabd dvara avataran arthath niche utarane ka bhav spasht hota hai, jisaka tatpary is sthal par bhavamoolak hai. paramatma ki vishesh shakti ka maya se sambandhit hona evn sambaddh hokar prakat hona hi avataran kaha ja sakata hai. kahin se kahin a jane athava utarane ka nam avatar nahin hota.

gayatri ke 24 avatar

'markandey puran' men shakti avatar ki katha is prakar hai ki sab devataon se unaka tej ekatrit kiya gaya aur un sabaki sammilit shakti ka sngrah- samuchchay ady- shakti ke roop men prakat hua. is kathanak se spasht hai ki svaroop ek rahane par bhi usake antargat vibhinn ghatakon ka sammilan- samavesh hai. gayatri ke 24 aksharon ki vibhinn shakti dharaon ko dekhate hue yahi kaha sakata hai ki us mahasamudr men anek mahanadiyon ne apana anudan samarpit- visarjit kiya hai. phalatah un sabaki visheshataen bhi is madhy kendr men vidyaman hain. 24 aksharon ko anekanek shaktidharaon ka ekikaran kah sakate hain. yah dharaen kitane hi star ki hain, kitani hi dishaon se aee hain. kitani hi visheshataon se yukt hain. un vargon ka ullekh avataron- devataon, divy- shaktiyon, rishiyon ke roop men hua hai. shaktiyon men se kuchh bhautiki hain, kuchh atmiki. inake namakaran unaki visheshataon ke anuroop hue hain. shastr men in bhed- prabhed ka suvistrit varnan hai.
chaubis avataron ki ganana kee prakar se ki gee hai. puranon men unake jo nam ginaye gaye hain, unamen ekaroopata nahin hai .. das avataron ke sambandh men prayah jis prakar ki sah-manyata hai, vaisi 24 avataron ke sambandh men nahin hai. kintu gayatri ke aksharon ke anusar unaki snkhya sabhi sthalon par 24 hi hai. unamen se adhik pratipadanon ke adhar par jinhen 24 avatar thaharaya gaya hai.

(1) narayan (virath) (2) hns (3) ygypurush (4) matsy (5) koorm (6) varah (7) vaman (8) nrisinh (9) parashuram (10) narad (11) dhanvantari (12) sanatkumar
(13) dattatrey (14) kapil (15) rishabhadev (16) hayagriv (17) mohini (18) hari (19) prathu (20) ram (21) krishn (22) vyas (23) buddh (24) nishkalnk- prgyavatar

bhagavanh ke sabhi avatar srishti sntulan ke lie hue hain. dharm ki sthapana aur adharm ka nirakaran unaka pramukh uddeshy raha hai. in sabhi avataron ki lilaen bhinn- bhinn hain. unake kriya- kalap, pratipadan, upadesh, nirdharan bhi prithakh- prithakh hain. kintu lakshy ek hi hain- vyakti ki paristhiti aur samaj ki paristhiti men utkrishtata ka abhivardhan evn nikrishtata ka nivaran. inhin uddeshyon ki poorti ke lie bhagavanh samay- samay par avatarit hote rahe hain. inhin uddeshyon ki gayatri ke 24 aksharon men sannihit preranaon ke sath poori tarah sngati baith jati hai. prakarantar se yah bhi kaha ja sakata hai ki bhagavanh ke 24 avatar, gayatri mntr men pratipadit 24 tathyon- adarshon ko vyavaharik jivan men utarane ki vidhi- vyavastha ka lokashikshan karane ke lie prakat hue hain. katha hai ki dattatrey ki jigyasaon ka jab kahin samadhan n ho saka, to ve prajapati ke pas pahunche aur sadhgyan de sakane vale samarth guru ko upalabdh kara dene ka anurodh kiya. prajapati ne gayatri mntr ka snket kiya. dattatrey vapis laute to unhonne samany praniyon aur ghatanaon se adhyatm tattvgyan ki shiksha- prerana grahan ki. katha ke anusar yahi 24 snket unake 24 guru ban gaye. is alnkarik katha varnan men gayatri ke 24 akshar hi dattatrey ke param samadhan karak sadguru hain.[16]

praman

is avataravad ke sambandh men sarvapratham ved hi pramany roop men samane ate hain. yatha-

prajapatishcharati garbheantarajayamano bahudha vijayate.

(paramatma sthool garbh men utpann hote hain, koee vastavik janm n lete hue bhi ve anek roopon men utpann hote hain.)
rigved bhi avataravad prastut karata hai, yatha-

roopn roopn pratiroopo babhoov tadasy roopn pratichakshanay. indro mayabhi: pururoop eeyate yukta hyasy haray: shata dash.

(bhagavan bhakton ki prarthananusar prakhyat hone ke lie maya ke snyog se anek roop dharan karate hain. unake shat-shataroop hain.)

avatar ke roop

is prakar nikhil shastrasvikrit avatar eeshvar ke hote hain, jo ki apani kuchh kalaon se paripoorn hote hain, jinhen anshik avatar evn poornavatar ki sngya di jati hai. poorn paramatma shodashakala sampann mana jata hai. paramatma ki shodash kalashakti jad-chetanatmak samast snsar men vyapt hai. ek jiv jitani matra men apani yoni ke anusar hota hai, utani hi matra men paramatma ki kala jivashray ke madhyam se vikasit hoti hai. at: ek yonij jiv any yoni ke jiv se unnat isalie hai ki usamen any yonij jivon se bhagavatakala ka vikas adhik matra men hota hai. chetan srishti men udabhijj srishti eeshvar ki pratham rachana hai, isilie annamayakoshapradhan udabhijj yoni men paramatma ki shodash kalaon men se ek kala ka vikas rahata hai. isamen shrutiyan bhi sahamat hain, yatha-

shodashanan kalanameka kalaatishishtabhooth saanne-nopasamahita prajvalith.

(paramatma ki solah kalaon men ek kala ann men milakar annamash kosh ke dvara prakat huee.)

kalaen

at: spasht hai, udabhijj yoni dvara paramatma ki ek kala ka vikas hota hai. isi kram men paravarti jivayoni svedaj men eeshvar ki do kala, andaj men tin aur jarayuj ke antargat pashu yoni men char kalaon ka vikas hota hai. isake anantar jarayuj manushyayoni men panch kalaon ka vikas hota hai. kintu yah sadharan manushy tak hi simit hai. jin manushyon men panch se adhik ath kala tak ka vikas hota hai, ve sadharan manushyakoti men n akar vibhooti koti men hi pariganit hote hain. kyonki panch kalaon se manushy ki sadharan shakti ka hi vikas hota hai, aur isase adhik chh: se lekar ath kalaon ka vikas hone par vishesh shakti ka vikas mana jata hai, jise vibhooti koti men rakha gaya hai.
avatar

kala vikas

is prakar ek kala se lekar ath kala tak shakti ka vikas laukik roop men hota hai. navam kala se lekar shodash kala tak ka vikas alaukik vikas hai, jise jivakoti nahin apitu avatarakoti kahate hain. at: jin kendron dvara paramatma ki shakti navam kala se lekar shodash kala tak vikasit hoti hai, ve sabhi kendr jiv n kahalakar avatar kahe jate hain. inamen navam kala se pandrahavon kala tak ka vikas anshavatar kahalata hai evn shodash kalakendr poorn avatar ka kendr hai. isi kala vikas ke taratamy se chetan jivon men anek visheshataen dekhane men ati hain. yatha panch koshon men se annamay kosh ka udabhijj yoni men apoorv roop se prakat hona ek kala vikas ka hi pratiphal hai. at: oshadhi, vanaspati, vriksh tatha lataon men jo jivon ki pranadhayak evn pushti pradayak shakti hai, yah sab ek kala ke vikas ka hi parinam hai. inhen bhi dekhen: solah kala evn chaunsath kalaen

indriy satta

svadej, andaj, pashu aur manushy tatha devataon tak ki tripti annamay-kosh vale udabhijjon dvara hi hoti hai aur isi ek kala ke vikas ke parinam svaroop unaki indriyon ki kriyaen drishtigochar hoti hain. yatha mahabharat (shanti parv) men kathan hai-

ooshmato mlayate varn tvakphaln pushpamev ch.
mlayate shiryate chapi sparshastenatr vidyate..

(grishmakal men garmi ke karan vrikshon ke varn, tvacha, phal, pushpadi malin tatha shirn ho jate hain. at: vanaspati men sparshandriy ki satta pramanit hoti hai.)

prakriti praman

isi prakar pravat, vayu dev, agni, vajr adi ke shabd se vrikshon ke phal-pushp nasht ho jate hain. isase unaki shravanendriy ki satta satyapit ki jati hai. lata vrikshon ko adhar bana leti hai evn unase lipat jati hai. yah krity bina darshanendriy ke sambhav nahin hai. at: vanaspatiyan darshanendriy shaktisampann mani gee hain. achchhi-buri gandh tatha nana prakar ki dhoopon ki gandh se vriksh nirog tatha pushpit phalit hone lagate hain. isase vrikshon men ghanendriy ki bhi satta samajhi jati hai. isi prakar ve ras apani tahaniyon dvara oopar khinchate hain, isase unaki rasanendriy ki satta mani jati hai. udabhijjon men sukh-dukh ke anubhav karane ki shakti bhi dekhane men ati hai. at: nishchith hai ki ye chetan shakti-sampann hain. is sambandh men manu ka bhi yahi abhimat hain- (vriksh anek prakar ke tamobhavon dvara avrit rahate hue bhi bhitar hi bhitar sukh-dukh ka anubhav karate hain.) adhik dinon tak yadi kisi vriksh ke niche hare vrikshon ko lakar chira jae to vah vriksh kuchh dinon ke anantar sookh jata hai. isase vrikshon ke sukh-dukhanubhav spasht hain. vrikshon ka shvasochchhvas vaigyanik jagath men pratyaksh many hi hai. ve din-rat ko aauksijan tatha karban gais ka kram se tyag-grahan karate hain. isi prakar afrika adi ke pashu-pakshi-kit-bhakshi lataen vriksh prakhyat hi hain. at: ye sabhi kriyaen bhagavan ki ek kala matr ki prapti se vanaspati yoni men dekhi jati hain.

vibhinn kosh

isake anantar svedaj yoni men do kalaon ka vikas mana jata hai, jisase is yoni men annamay aur pranamay koshon ka vikas dekhane men ata hai. is prakar pranamay kosh ke hi karan svedaj gamanagaman vyapar men saphal hote hain. andaj yoni men tin kalaon ke karan annamay, pranamay tatha manomay koshon ka vikas hota hai. is yoni men manomay kosh ke vikas ke parinamasvaroop inamen prem adi anek pravrittiyan drishtigochar hoti hain. isi prakar jarayuj yoni ke antargat char kalaon ke vidyaman rahane ke karan inamen annamay, pranamay, manomay koshon ke sath hi sath vigyanamay kosh ka bhi vikas hota hai. utkrisht pashuon men to buddhi ka bhi vikas dekhane men ata hai, jisase ve anek karm manushyavath karate hain. yatha ashv, shvan, gaj adi pashu svamibhakt hote hain, evn samay ane par unake pranarakshak ke roop men bhi dekhe jate hain.

karm ki svatantrata

jarayuj yoni ke hi dvitiy prabhed manushyayoni men char se adhik ek anandamay kosh ka bhi vikas hai. pnchakoshon ke vikas ke karan hi manushy men karm ki svatantrata hoti hai. manushy yadi chahe to purusharth dvara panchon koshon ka vikas kar poorn gyanasampann manav bhi ho sakata hai. isi prakar karmonnati dvara manushy jitana-jitana unnat hota jata hai, usamen eeshvariy kalaon ka vikas bhi utana hi hota jata hai. is kala vikas men aishvaryamay shakti ka sambandh adhik hai, agyey brahmashakti ka nahin. vishnu bhagavan ke sath hi bhagavadavatar ka pradhan sambandh rahata hai. kyonki vishnu hi is srishti ke rakshak evn palak hain. yadyapi srishti, sthiti evn snhar ke asadharan karyon ki nishpannata ke lie brahma, vishnu aur mahesh tinon devon ke avatar hua karate hain, par jahan tak raksha ka prashn hai, isake lie vishnu ke hi avatar mane jate hain.

mahabharat ke anshavatar

mahabharat men jitane bhi pramukh patr the ve sabhi devata, gndharv, yaksh, rudr, vasu, apsara, rakshas tatha rishiyon ke anshavatar the. bhagavan narayan ki agyanusar hi inhonne dharati par manushy roop men avatar liya tha. mahabharat ke adiparv men isaka vistrit varnan kiya gaya hai. usake anusar-

is prakar devata, asur, gndharv, apsara aur rakshas apane-apane ansh se manushy ke roop men utpann hue the.[17]

krishn ke vibhinn avatar

chaitany mahaprabhu ne sanatan gosvami ko shiksha dete samay bhagavan krishn ke avataron ka varnan kiya hai.[18] bhagavan ka vah roop, jo srishti karane ke hetu bhautik jagath men avatarit hota hai, avatar kahalata hai.[19] krishn ke avatar asnkhy hain aur unaki ganana kar pana snbhav nahin hai. jis prakar vishal jalashayon se lakhon chhote jharane nikalate hain, usi tarah se samast shaktiyon ke agar poorn purushottam bhagavan shri hari se asnkhy avatar prakat hote hain.[20]bhagavan krishn ke 6 tarah ke avatar hote hain:-

bhagavan krishn ke 6 tarah ke avatar[21]
1. purushavatar (3)
  1. karanabdhishayi vishnu (maha vishnu)
  2. garbhodakashayi vishnu
  3. kshirodakashayi vishnu.
2. lila avatar (25) chatu:san (sanak, sanatan, sanat kumar v sanandan), narad, varah, matsy, ygy, nar-narayan, kapil, dattatrey, hayagriv, hns, prashnigarbh, rishabh, prathoo, nrisinh, koorm, dhanvantari, mohini, vaman, parashuram, ram, vyas, balaram, krishn, buddh tatha kalki.
3. gun-avatar (3) jo bhautik gunon ka niyantran karate hain-
  1. brahma (rajogun)
  2. shiv (tamogun)
  3. vishnu (satogun)
4. manvantar-avatar (14) jo pratyek manu ke shasan men prakat hote hain. brahma ke ek din men 14 manu badalate hain. shrimadbhagavat[22] men manvantar-avataron ki soochi di gee hai- ygy, vibhu, satyasen, hari, vaikunth, ajit, vaman, sarvabhaum, rishabh, vishvaksenn, dharmasetu, sudhama, yogeshvar tatha brahdh bhanu. isamen se ygy tatha vaman ki ganana lilavataron men bhi ki jati hai.
5. yug-avatar (4)
  1. satayug men shukl (shvet)
  2. tretayug men rakt
  3. dvapar yug men shyam
  4. kaliyug men samanyata krishn (kala), kintu vishesh dashaon men pitavarn.
6. shaktyavesh avatar jab-jab bhagavan apani vividh shaktiyon ke ansh roop men kisi men vidhaman rahate hain, tab vah jiv shaktyavesh avatar kahalata hai.[23]
  1. vaikunth men sheshanag (bhagavan ki niji seva)
  2. anantadev (brahmand ke samast lokon ko dharan karane ki shakti)
  3. brahma (srishti-shakti)
  4. chatu:san ya charon kumar (gyan-shakti)
  5. narad muni (bhakti-shakti)
  6. maharaj prathoo (palan-shakti)
  7. parashuram (dushtadaman-shakti)

shiv ke avatar

vishnu ke 24 avatar hain, isi prakar shiv ke 28 avatar hain lekin unamen bhi jo pramukh hai usi ki charcha ki jati hai. jaise vishnu ke 10 pramukh avatar hain vaise hi shiv ke bhi 10 pramukh avatar hain.

shiv ke das pramukh avatar

kramank avatar snkshipt vivaran
1. mahakal shiv ke das pramukh avataron men pahala avatar mahakal ko mana jata hai. is avatar ki shakti man mahakali mani jati hain. ujjain men mahakal nam se jyotirling vikhyat hai.
2. tara shiv ke rudravatar men doosara avatar tar (tara) nam se prasiddh hai. is avatar ki shakti tara devi mani jati hain.
3. bal bhuvanesh devon ke dev mahadev ka tisara rudravatar hai bal bhuvanesh. is avatar ki shakti ko bala bhuvaneshi mana gaya hai.
4. shodash shrividyesh bhagavan shnkar ka chautha avatar hai shodash shrividyesh. is avatar ki shakti ko devi shodashi shrividya mana jata hai. ‘das maha-vidyaon’ men tisari maha-vidya bhagavati shodashi hai, atah inhen tritiya bhi kahate hain.
5. bhairav shiv ke panchaven rudravatar sabase prasiddh mane ge hain jinhen bhairav kaha jata hai. is avatar ki shakti bhairavi girija mani jati hain.
6. chhinnamastak chhatha rudr avatar chhinnamastak nam se prasiddh hai. is avatar ki shakti devi chhinnamasta mani jati hain. chhinamastika mndir prakhyat tantrik pith hai.
7. dyoomavan shiv ke das pramukh rudr avataron men satavan avatar dyoomavan nam se vikhyat hai. is avatar ki shakti ko devi dhoomavati mana jata hain.
8. bagalamukh shiv ka athavan rudr avatar bagalamukh nam se jana jata hai. is avatar ki shakti ko devi bagalamukhi mana jata hai.
9. matng shiv ke das rudravataron men nauvan avatar matng hai. is avatar ki shakti ko devi matngi mana jata hai.
10. kamal shiv ke das pramukh avataron men dasavan avatar kamal nam se vikhyat hai. is avatar ki shakti ko devi kamala mana jata hai.

shiv ke any gyarah avatar- kapali, pingal, bhim, virupaksh, vilohit, shasta, ajapad, apirbudhy, shambhoo, chand tatha bhav ka ullekh milata hai.

any anshavatar

in avataron ke atirikt shiv ke durvasa, hanuman, mahesh, rishabh, pippalad, vaishyanath, dvijeshvar, hnsaroop, avadhooteshvar, bhikshuvary, sureshvar, brahmachari, sunatanatark, dvij, ashvatthama, kirat aur nateshvar adi avataron ka ullekh bhi 'shiv puran' men hua hai.[24]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

(pustak ‘hindoo dharmakosh’) prishth snkhya-54

  1. gita 4|5|8 evn puranon men
  2. pustak- dharmashastr ka itihas-4, lekhak- pandurng vaman kane, prishth snkhya- 482, prakashan- uttar pradesh hindi snsthan lakhanoo
  3. nirnyasindhu (81-82), krityasarasamuchchay
  4. bhagavat puran 1.3.6-26; 28, 30, 39
  5. pustak- pauranik kosh, prishth snkhya-34
  6. kuchh granthon men aisa ullekh hai ki kalki avatar abhi prakat hone vala hai, kintu granth isaki jayanti ke lie shravan men shukl paksh ki shashthi tithi manate hain. varah puran, krityakalpataru jahan dashavataron ki pooja ka ullekh hai. -varahapuran (48|20-22), krityakalpataru (vratakhand 333, hemadri (vratakhand 1, 1049).
  7. 10.29.14
  8. 2.8.1.1
  9. 7.5.1.5.
  10. 3.272
  11. 7.5.1.1
  12. 14.1.2.11
  13. 2.1.3.1
  14. eko vimame tribhirith padebhi:-rigved 1.154.3
  15. bhagavadagita-4|8
  16. gayatri ke 24 avatar (hindi) akhil vishv gayatri parivar. abhigaman tithi: 17 agast, 2014.
  17. janie, mahabharat men kaun kisaka avatar tha... (hindi) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 17 agast, 2014.
  18. madhy lila adhyay 20
  19. madhy lila 20.263
  20. madhy lila 20.249
  21. bhagavan krishn ke vibhinn avatar (hindi) ISKCON desire tree. abhigaman tithi: 17 agast, 2014.
  22. shrimadbhagavat (8.1.5,13)
  23. madhy lila 20.373
  24. shiv ke 10 avatar (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 17 agast, 2014.

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