फ़ुटबॉल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(फुटबॉल se punarnirdeshit)
futabaaul
bharatiy futabalar baeechung bhootiya
vivaran futabaaul ek samoohik khel hai jise gyarah-gyarah khiladiyon ke do dalon ke bich khela jata hai. futabaaul ko samanyat: ek ayatakar ghas ya kritrim ghas ke maidan par khela jata hai jisake donon chhoron par ek ek golapost hota hai.
upanam padakanduk, saaukar
sarvochch niyntran nikay fedareshan intaraneshanel di futabaaul esosieshan (fifa)
pahali bar khela gaya 19 disambar , 1863, inglaind
vargikaran samoohik khel, gend ka khel
dal ke sadasy 11
upakaran futabaaul
sthal bada maidan
vishvakap pratiyogita sanh 1930 se pratyek 4 varsh men ek bar ayojit hoti hai.
olampik sanh 1900 se olampik khelon men shamil hai.
any janakari khel 45-45 minat ki do saman avadhiyon men khela jata hai. pahale 45 minat ke khel ke bad 10 minat ka madhyantar hota hai.

esosieshan futabaaul (angrezi: Association Football) duniya ke sabase lokapriy khelon me se ek hai. yah ek samoohik khel hai aur ise gyarah khiladiyon ke do dalon ke bich khela jata hai. futabaaul ko samanyat: ek ayatakar ghas ya kritrim ghas ke maidan par khela jata hai jisake donon chhoron par ek ek golapost hota hai. is khel ko saaukar bhi kaha jata hai. khiladiyon dvara virodhi dal ke golapost men chalaki se gend ko dalana hi is khel ka uddeshy hai. khel men golarakshak hi ek matr aisa khiladi hota hai jise gend ko rokane ke lie apana hath istemal karane ki anumati hoti hai; dal ke baki khiladi amataur par gend ko marane (kik) ke liye apane pair ka istemal karate hain tatha kabhi kabhi hava men gend ko rokane ke lie ve apane dhad ya phir sir ka istemal karate hain. jo dal khel ke ant ya samay samapti tak jyada gol karata hai, vo vijayi rahata hai. khel ke ant yani samay samapti tak yadi skor barabar rahe to us mukabale ko barabar ya dra ghoshit karana, ya khel ko atirikt samay me le jana aur/ya penalti shoot aut ke dvara har jit ka phaisala karana sab pratiyogita ke svaroop par nirbhar karata hai.

khel ka maidan

akar

phutabal ka maidan ayatakar hota hai. isaki lambaee 100 gaz se kam aur 130 gaz se adhik n hogi. isaki chaudaee 50 gaz se kam aur 100 gaz se adhik n hogi. antarrashtriy maichon men isaki lambaee 110 gaz se 120 gaz tatha chaudaee 70 gaz se 80 gaz hogi.

rekhankan

khel ka maidan spasht rekhaon dvara ankit hona chahie. lambi rekhaen sparsh rekhaen ya paksh rekhaen kahalati hain aur chhoti rekhaon ko gol rekhaen kaha jata hai. maidan ke pratyek kone par 5 phut oonche khambhe par jhndi (karnar phlaig) lagaee jaegi. yah kendriy rekha par kam se kam ek gaz p honi chahie. maidan ke madhy men vritt lagaya jata hai jika arddh vyas 10 gaz hoga.

kaaurnar kshetr

pratyek karnar kshetr post men khel ke kshetr ke andar ek gaz ke ardvavyas ka chauthaee vritt khincha jaega.

gol kshetr

khel ke maidan men donon siron par do rekhane khinchi jaegi jo gol rekha par kamb hongi. ye maidan men 6 gaz doori tak phaili rahengi aur gol rekha ke samanantar ek rekha se mila di jaengi. in rekhaon tatha gol rekhaon dvara ghire madhy kshetr ko gol kshetr kahate hai.

painalti kshetr

khel ke maidan ke donon soron par pratyek gol-post se 18 gaz ki doori par gol rekha ke samakon par do rekhaen khinchi jaengi. ye maidan 18 gaz ki doori tak phaili hongi. inhen gol-rekha ke samanantar ek rekha khinch kar milaya jaega. in rekhaon tatha gol rekhaon se ghire hue kshetr ko painalti kshetr kaha jaega.

gol

gol rekha ka madhy men se 8 gaz ya 24 phut ki doori par do pol (dnde) gade jaege. isake siron ko ek kras bar dvara milaya jaega jisaka nichala sira bhoomi se 8 phut ooncha hoga. gol poston tatha kras bar ki chaudaee aur gaharaee 5 phut inch se adhik nahin hogi.

smaraniy tathy
phutabal ke maidan ka akar ayatakar
maidan ki lambaee 100 gaz se 130 gaz
chaudaee 50 gaz se 100 gaz
antarrashtriy maichon men maidan ka nam adhikatam- 110 mitar x 75 mitar (120 gaz x 80 gaz)

nyoonatam- 100 mitar x 64 mitar (100 gaz x 70 gaz)

gend ki paridhi 27" se 28"
gend ka vazan 14 auns se 16 auns ke madhy
phutabal tim men khiladiyon ki snkhya 11 (gyarah), 5 khiladi atirikt hote hai.
ek maich men kitane khiladi badale ja sakate hain 2 (do)
phutabal maich men khel ki avadhi 45-45 minat ke do charan (raund)
phutabal maich men madhyantar (intaraval) ka samay 5 minat ya 10 minat ka bhi ho sakata hai.
maich khilane vale adhikari 3 (1 raiphari tatha 2 laeenazamain)

gend

gend ka akar gol hota hai. yah chamade ya kisi any svikrit vastu ki bani honi chahie. isaki paridhi 27" se 28" tak honi chahiye. isaka bhar 14 auns se 16 auns tak hona chahiye. raiphari ki agya ke bina khel ke dauran gend badali nahin ja sakati.

khiladi ka saman

khiladi pray: jarsi ya kamiz, nikkar, juraben tatha boot pahan sakata hai. gol-kipar ki kamiz ya jarsi ka rng baki khiladiyon se bhinn hona chahiye. boot pahanane avashyak hain. koee bhi khiladi aisi vastu nahin pahan sakata jo any khiladiyon ke lie hanikarak ho.

khiladiyon ki snkhya

phutabal ka khel do timon ke bich hota hai. pratyek tim men gyarah-gyarah tatha atirikt 5 khiladi hote hain. ek maich men kisi tim ko do se adhik khiladiyon ko badalane ki agya nahin hoti. badate hue khiladi pun: us maich men bhag lene ka adhikar nahin diya jata.

adhikari

ek raiphari, do laeenamain ek taim kipar. raiphari khel ke niyamon ka palan karavata hai aur kisi bhi jhagade vale prashn ka nirnay karata hai. khel men kya hua aur parinam kya nikala, is par usaka nirnay antim hota hai.

khel ki avadhi

khel 45-45 minat ki do saman avadhiyon men khela jata hai. pahale 45 minat ke khel ke bad 10 minat ka madhyantar hota hai.

khel ka arambh

khel ke prarambh men taaus dvara kik marane aur saeed (paksh) chunane ka nirnay kiya jata hai. taaus jitane vali tim ko kik lagane ya saeed chunane ki choot hoti hai.

gend khel se bahar

gend khel se bahar mani jaegi:-

  1. jab gend bhoomi par ya hava men gol-rekha ya sparsh-rekha poori tarah par kar jae.
  2. jab raiphari khel ko rok de.

skor (phalankan) ya gol

jab gend niyamanasar gol-poston ke bich kras bar ke niche aur gol-rekha ke par chali jae to gol mana jata hai. jo bhi tim adhik gol banati use hi vijayi mana jata hai. yadi koee gol nahin hota ya barabar snkhya men gol hote hain to khel barabar mana jata hai. parntu yadi lig vidhi se toornamaint ho raha ho to barabar rahane par donon timon ko ek-ek ank diya jata hai.

af saeed

koee bhi khiladi apane madhy men aph saeed nahin hota. aph saeed us samay hoti hai jab vah virodhi tim ke madhy men ho aur usake pichhe do virodhi khiladi n ho.

  1. usaki apeksha virodhi khiladi apani gol rekha ke nikat n hon.
  2. vah maidan ke apane arddh-kshetr men n ho.
  3. gend antim bar virodhi ko n lagi ho ya usake dvara kheli n gee ho.
  4. use gol-kik, karnar kik, thro- in dvara gend sidhi n mili ho ya raiphari ne n phenka ho.

dand

is niyam ka ullnghan karane par virodhi khiladi ko us sthan se phri-kik di jaegi, jahan par niyam ka ullnghan hua ho.

phri-kik

phri-kik do prakar ki hoti hai- pratyaksh phri-kik (Direct kick) tatha apratyaksh phri-kik (Indirect kick). pratyaksh phri-kik vah hai jahan se sidha gol kiya ja sakata hai. jab tak ki gend kisi aur khiladi ko chhoo n jae. jab koee khiladi pratyaksh ya apratyaksh phri-kik lagata hai to any khiladi gend se kam se kam das gaz ki doori par hone chahiye. ve apane paridhi path aur painalti kshetr ko par karate hi gend phauran khelenge. yadi gend painalti kshetr se pare sidhe khel men kik nahin lagaee gee to kik pun: lagaee jaegi. phri-kik lagane vala khiladi gend ko doosari bar us samay tak nahin chhoo sakata jab tak ise kisi any khiladi ne n chhoo liya ho.

dand

is niyam ka ullnghan karane par rakshak tim ko ullnghan vale sthan se apratyaksh phri-kik lagane ko milegi.

painalti kik

painalti kik painalti nishan se lagaee jaegi. painalti-kik lagane ke samay kik marane bala (praharak) tatha gol-rakshak hi painalti kshetr men honge. baki ke khiladi painalti kshetr se bahar aur painalti ke nishan se kam se kam 10 gaz door honge. gend ko kik lagane tak gol-rakshak gol rekha par sthit khada rahega. kik marane vala gend ko doosari bar chhoo nahin sakata jab tak ki use gol kipar chhoo nahin leta.

dand

is niyam ke ullnghan par-

  1. yadi rakshak tim dvara ullnghan hota hai aur yadi gol n hua ho to kik doosari bar li jaegi.
  2. yadi akramak tim dvara ullnghan hota hai to gol ho jane par bhi dobara kik li jaegi.
  3. yadi painalti-kik lene vale khiladi se ullnghan hota hai to virodhi khiladi ullnghan vale sthan se apratyaksh phri-kik lagaega.

thro-in

chndrashekhar naiyar futabaaul stediyam, tiruanntapuram

jab gend bhoomi par ya hava men parshv rekhaon se bahar chali jati hai to virodhi tim ka ek khiladi us sthan se jahan se gend par huee hoti hai, khada hokar gend maidan ke andar phenkata hai. gend andar phenkane vala khiladi maidan ki or munh karake donon panvon ka koee bhag sparsh rekha ya sparsh rekha se bahar zamin par rakh kar khada ho hata hai. vah hathon men gend pakad kar sir ke oopar se ghuma kar andar maidan men phenkega. vah us samay tak gend ko nahin chhoo sakata jab tak kisi doosare khiladi ne ise n chhoo liya ho.

dand

  1. yadi thro-in uchit dhng se n ho to virodhi tim ka khiladi thro-in karega.
  2. yadi thro-in karane vala khiladi gend ko kisi doosare khiladi dvara chhooe jane se pahale hi svayn chhoo leta hai to virodhi tim ko ek apratyaksh phri-kik lagane ko di jaegi.

gol-kik

kisi akramak tim ke khiladi dvara khele jane par jab gend bhoomi ke sath ya hava men gol rekha ko par kar jae to rakshak tim ka khiladi ise gol kshetr se bahar kik karata hai. yadi vah gol kshetr se bahar nahin nikalati aur sidhe khel ke maidan men nahin pahunch pati to kik dubara lagaee jaegi. kik karane vala khiladi gend ko us samay tak pun: nahin chhoo sakata jab tak ise kisi doosare khiladi dvara chhoo n liya jae.

dand

yadi kik lagane vala khiladi gend ko kisi any khiladi dvara chhoone se pahale pun: chhoo le to virodhi tim ko usi sthan se ek apratyaksh phri-kik di jaegi jahan ki ullnghan hua hai.

karnar kik

jab rakshak tim ke kisi khiladi dvara khele jane par gend bhoomi par ya hava men gol rekha par kar kar jae to akramak tim ka khiladi nikatatam karnar-phlaig ke chauthaee vritt ke bhitar se gend ko kik lagaega. aisi kik se pratyaksh gol bhi kiya kiya ja sakata hai. jab tak karnar-kik n le jae, virodhi tim ke khiladi 10 gaz door rahenge. kik karane vala khiladi bhi us samay tak gend ko dubara nahin chhoo sakata jab tak kisi any khiladi ne use chhoo n liya ho.

dand

is niyam ke ullnghan par virodhi tim ko ullnghan vale sthan se apratyaksh phri-kik di jaegi.

phaool tatha trutiyan

  • yadi koee bhi khiladi nimnalikhit avgya ya aparadhon men se koee bhi jan-boojh kar karata hai to virodhi dal ko avgya aparadh vale sthan se pratyaksh phri-kik di jaegi.
  1. virodhi khiladi ko kik mare ya kik marane ki koshish kare.
  2. virodhi khiladi par kood ya dhakka ya mukka mare.
  3. virodhi khiladi par bhaynkar roop se akraman kare.
  4. virodhi khiladi par pichhe se akraman kare.
  5. virodhi khiladi ko pakade ya usake vastr pakad kar khinche.
  6. virodhi khiladi ko chot lagae ya lagane ki koshish kare.
  7. virodhi khiladi ke raste men badha baneya tangon ke prayog se use gira de ya girane ki koshish kare.
  8. virodhi khiladi ko hath ya bhuja ke kisi bhag se dhakka de.
  9. gend ko hath men pakadata hai?

yadi rakshak tim ka khiladi in aparadhon men se koee ek aparadh painalti kshetr men karata hai to akraman tim ko painalti-kik di jaegi.

  • yadi khiladi nimnalikhit aparadhon men se koee ek aparadh karata hai to virodhi tim ko aparadh vale sthan se apratyaksh phri-kik di jaegi:-
  1. jab gend ko khataranak dhng se khelata hai.
  2. jab gend kuchh door ho to doosare khiladi ko kandhe mare.
  3. gend khelate samay virodhi khiladi ko janaboojh kar rokata hai.
  4. gol-kipar par akraman karana, keval un sthitiyon ko chhod kar jab vah:-

(i) virodhi khiladi ko rok raha ho.
(ii) gend pakad raha ho.
(iii) gol kshetr se bahar nikal gaya ho.
5. (k) gol rakshak ke roop men gend bhoomi par bina tappa mare char kadam age ko jana.
(kh) gol rakshak ke roop men aisi chalaki men lag jana jisase khel men badha pade, samay nasht kare aur apane paksh ka anuchit labh pahunchane ki koshish kare.
(g) khiladi ko chetavani di jaegi aur virodhi tim ko apratyaksh phri-kik di jaegi jab koee khiladi:-
(i) khel ke niyamon ka lagatar ullnghan karata hai.
(ii) durvyavahar ka aparadhi hota hai.
(iii) shabdon ya prakriya dvara raiphari ke nirnay se matabhed prakat karata hai.
(gh) khiladi ko khel ke maidan se bahar nikal diya jaega yadi:-
(i) vah gali-galoch karata hai ya phaool karata hai.
(ii) chetavani-milane par bhi bura vyavahar karata hai.
(iii) vah gambhir phaool khelata hai ya durvyavahar karata hai.


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