बिलियर्ड्स  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

biliyards
biliyards
vivaran biliyards ayatakar tebal par chhoti gendon ki ek nishchit snkhya v ek lambi chhdi se, jise kyoo kaha jata hai, khele jane vale vibhinn khelon men se ek hai.
sarvochch niyntran nikay biliyards aind snookar kntrol kaunsil
upakaran ek tebal, kyoo stiks v aur genden
snookar snookar inglish biliyards ke liye prayukt tebal par v usi akar ki gendon se khela jata hai. yah khel 22 gendon se khela jata hai: safed kyoo gend, 15 lal gend aur chhah rngin gend, jinaka pili ke 2, hari ke 3, bhoori ke 4, nili ke 5, gulabi ke 6 v kali ke 7 ke hisab se ank hote hain.
any janakari git sethi dvara maikal farera ke naqshe qadam par chalane se, 1980 v 1990 ke dashak ne nishchit hi bharatiy biliyards ka svarnim yug dekha.

biliyards (angrezi: Cue sports) ayatakar tebal par chhoti gendon ki ek nishchit snkhya v ek lambi chhdi se, jise kyoo kaha jata hai, khele jane vale vibhinn khelon men se ek hai. kairam ya french biliyards tin gendon se ek bina paauket vali tebal par khela jata hai. any pramukh khel chh: paauket vali tebalon par khele jate hain, jinamen har kone men ek-ek aur donon lambi bhujaon men ek-ek paauket hoti hai.

inglish biliyards

inglish biliyards, jo tin gendon se khela jata hai.

snookar

snookar inglish biliyards ke liye prayukt tebal par v usi akar ki gendon se khela jata hai. yah khel 22 gendon se khela jata hai: safed kyoo gend, 15 lal gend aur chhah rngin gend, jinaka pili ke 2, hari ke 3, bhoori ke 4, nili ke 5, gulabi ke 6 v kali ke 7 ke hisab se ank hote hain.

khel ke niyam

  • khiladi ko pahale ek lal gend ko paauket men dalakar phir kisi bhi rng ki gend dalane ka prayas karana chahiye, jisase use paauket men dali gee gend ke rng ke anusar ank milate rahen.
  • usake bad lal v rngin genden ek ke bad ek paauket men dali jati hain.
  • paauket men dale jane ke pashchath pratyek lal gend vahin rahati hai, jabaki any rngon ki genden, jab paauket men dal di jaen, to jab tak koee bhi lal gend tebal par bachi rahati hai, tab tak vapas apane nirdharit sthan par rakhi jati hain.
  • khel tab tak chalata hai, jab tak keval chhah rngon ki genden hi tebal par n rah jaen.
  • ant men chhah rngin gendon ko unake ankon ke mooly ke anusar kram se paauket men dala jana chahiye.
  • jab akhiri gend paauket men dal di jati hai, to khel samapt ho jata hai.
  • khel ke dauran yadi (any gend athava gendon ki rookavat ke karan) koee khiladi us gend par prahar nahin kar pata, jis par use niyamanusar prahar karana chahiye, to kaha jata hai ki usane snookar kar diya hai aur vah apana danv kho deta hai; yah sthiti khel ko usaka nam deti hai.

paauket biliyards ya pool

  • paauket biliyards ya pool, jo 15 gendon v ek kyoo gend se khela jata hai.
  • paauket biliyards samanyat:1.4 mitar x 2.7 mitar ki tebal par khela jata hai, yadyapi vishesh pratiyogitaon men tebal kabhi-kabhi 1.5 mitar x 3 mitar bhi hoti hai.
  • paauket biliyards men ek safed gend ke sath hi 15 snkhyakit lakshy genden hoti hain; jinamen 1 se 8 lakshy gendon par ek hi rng hota hai, 9 se 15 tak pattiyan hoti hain.
  • khel ki shuruat men 15 lakshy genden tebil ke ek kone par tribhujakar abhirachana men tribhujakar lakadi athava plastik ke ,raik ke dvara rakhi jati hai.
  • pahala khiladi snrachana ko kyoo baaul se todata hai; phir vah lakshy gendon ko kisi nirdisht kram ya riti se paauket men dalane ka prayas karata hai.
  • saphal prahar n kar pane par doosare khiladi ko prahar karane ka avasar milata hai.
  • aisa hi kyoo baaul ko paauket men dal dene se hota hai, jise ‘skraiching’ kaha jata hai.
  • stret pool men pratyek khiladi 14 lakshy gendon ko kisi bhi kram athava snyojan men paauket men dalane ka prayas karata hai. halanki pratyek prahar ke poorv, khiladi ko gend ki snkhya v nirdisht paauket batana hota hai; yadi vah saphal hota hai, to use ek ank milata hai.

avishkar

kee deshon ko, jinamen frans, iglaind, chin, itali v spen shamil hain, is khel ke avishkar ka shrey diya jata hai, lekin vastav men biliyards ke udbhav ke vishay men kuchh bhi gyat nahin hai. is khel ke bare men yoorop men sabase prarnbhik janakari 15vin shatabdi se milati hai.

upakaran

  • biliyards ke sabhi khelon ke liye ek tebal, kyoo stiks v aur genden avashyak hain.
  • parnparik mahogani ki tebal aj bhi prayog ki jati hai, lekin ab tebal samanyat: any lakadiyon v sinthetik samagri ki banati hain.
  • isaki vishal ayatakar tebal vishisht roop se chaudaee se adhik duguni lambi hoti hai.
  • isaki oopari satah samanyat: samatal slet ki bune hue ooni kapade se dhaki hoti hai, jise kabhi-kabhi ‘felt’ kaha jata hai.
  • kathor rabad athava sinthetik rabad ka muda hua ghera, jise kushan kaha jata hai, tebal ki andarooni kinare par laga hota hai.
  • kyoo chikani lakadi athava sinthetik samragi ki ek or se kramash: patali hoti chhd hoti hai, jo lnbaee men 100 se 150 semi tak hoti hai.
  • kyoo ke patale chhor par, jisase gend par prahar kiya jata hai, plastik, faibar tatha hathidant jada jata hai, jis par ek chamade ka tukada chipaka hota hai.
  • chhote ghanakar tukadon se kyoo ke sire par ek saman chaauk lagaya jata hai, jisase khiladiyon ko kyoo gendon ko madhy se prahar kar phiraki vali chal dene men sahayata milati hai, jise gret briten men ‘said’ v snyukt rajy amerika men ‘inglish’ kaha jata hai.
  • biliyards ki gend, jo pahale hathidant athava beljiyan mitti ki banaee jati thin, ab samanyat: plastik ki hoti hain; aur unamen pratyek 5.7 se 6 semi vyas ki hoti hai, badi gend kairam biliyards men prayog ki jati hain.

inglish biliyards v snookar ke niyam

  • inglish biliyards v snookar ki angrezi kism ki vaishvik niyamak snkhya biliyards aind snookar kntrol kaunsil hai.
  • 1919 men sthapit yah snstha 1885 men sthapit biliyards esosieshan v 1908 men sthapit biliyards kntrol klab ke ekikrit roop ka pratinidhitv karati hai.
  • yah donon khelon ki sharte v niyam banati hai aur adhikarik mukhapatr biliyards aind snookar ka prakashan karati hai.

amerikan paauket biliyards

  • amerikan paauket biliyards khelon ki mukhy niyamak snstha, jisamen snookar ka ameriki prakar bhi shamil hai, biliyard kangres aauf amerika hai, jo 1948 se hi niyamak snstha rahi hai.
  • yah khel ke niyamon ka anurakshan karati hai v khel pratiyogitaon ki svikriti deti hai, jisamen yooes opan paauket biliyards chainpiyanaship shamil hai, jise vishv kap pratiyogita mana jata hai. antarrashtriy biliyards aur snookar phedareshan namak pratiyogita bhi ayojit ki jati hai.

bharat men biliyards

  • bharat men biliyardas aur snookar jaise kautoohal jagane vale khel bahut kam huye hain.
  • andhere kamare, behatarin kapade pahane khiladi aur kuchh varsh poorv tak 18 ki umr ke niche valon ka pravesh nishedh karate soochana patt, sabhi biliyards aur snookar ko rahasyamay banate the, jisase kee yuva is khel ki or akarshit hue.
  • inamen se ek char bar ke peshevar biliyards ke vishv vijeta git sethi the. 12 varsh ki umr men git aksar ahamadabad ke relave klab biliyards kaksh men nazar bachakar ghus jate v kyoo par hath ajamate. yah shighr hi unaka shauq ban gaya aur keval ath varsh bad 1981 men vah sabase kam umr ke rashtriy vijeta bane.
  • unhen shauqiya khiladiyon ka vishv khitab 1984 men mila. sethi ki saphalata usi mahanh bharatiy biliyards parnpara ki kadi thi, jo 1958 men us samay surkhiyon men aee thi, jab vilsan jons ne shauqiya khiladiya ka vishv khitab jita.
  • jons dvara sthapit pratiman ke bad, maikal farera ne purane aur ne daur ke bich setu ka kam kiya. farera ne apana pahala shauqiya khitab 1977 men jita aur 1983 tak do bar aur jitakar angrezon ke varchasv ko gnbhir chunauti di, jinhonne 19vin shatabdi men khel ka bharatiy upamahadvip men parichay karaya tha.
  • farera un bahut se khiladiyon ki pidhi ke the, jo achchha biliyards khelate the aur pratidvndviyon ko nishchit hi kathin chunauti dete the. is pidhi men satish mohan, aravind savoor aur alim shamil the.
  • git sethi dvara maikal farera ke naqshe qadam par chalane se, 1980 v 1990 ke dashak ne nishchit hi bharatiy biliyards ka svarnim yug dekha. git sethi ne 1986 men ek aur shauqiya khitab jita aur 1990 ke dashak men char peshevar vishv khitab jite, jinamen se antim 1998 men jita gaya.
  • shauqiya biliyards men bharat ke kirtimanon men ek aur pratishthapoorn adhyay 1990 men tab juda manoj kothari 'arthar vaaukar trafi' jitane vale chauthe bharatiy bane.
  • jab 1988 men bainkaauk ke eshiyaee khelon men ye khel shamil kiye ge, tab ashok shandily ne bharat ke liye svarn padak jite. shandily ne sethi ke sath milakar yugal sparddha jiti aur fainal men sethi ko harakar svarn padak jita.
  • alok kumar, devendr joshi, dharmendr lili, mannan chndr aur any ke sath shandily biliyards men bharat ke bhavishy ke prati asha bndhate hain.
  • om agraval ne snookar men shauqiya vishv pratiyogita 1984 men jiti.
  • yasin marchent 1989 men eshiyaee pratiyogita jitakar vishv snookar men apana muqam banane vale ekamatr any bharatiy bane.
  • kyoo khel bharat ke yuvaon men tezi se lokapriy hote ja rahe hain. pool aur kairam ajakal yuvaon ko bahut akarshit kar rahe hain,jo har kshetr men badhate pool parlaron ke karan sulabh bhi hote ja rahe hain.
  • biliyards ke in adhik akarshak roopon ke behatar niyojan se bhavishy ke vijetaon ka uday nishchit hai.

samachar

satavin bar vishv biliyards chaimpiyan bane pnkaj adavani

29 aktoobar, 2012 somavar

shirsh bharatiy khiladi pnkaj adavani ne phir apani shreshthata sabit karate hue inglaind ke maujooda chainpiyan aur sthaniy prabal davedar maik rasel ko harakar satavan varld biliyards chainpiyanaship khitab apane nam kiya. pnkaj adavani ne apana dabadaba banate hue 1895-1216 se jit darj ki. semiphainal men hamavatan dhruv sitavala par 881-281 ki shanadar jit ke bad adavani ne panch ghnte tak chale fainal mukabale ke pahale ghnte men hi 298 ka skor bana liya tha. pnkaj adavani ne 119 ke antim brek se 11 bar ke chainpiyan ko parajit kar samay praroop (phaaurmet) men apana chautha vishv khitab hasil kiya. pnkaj adavani ne isi sthan par 2009 men vishv peshevar biliyards chainpiyanaship ke fainal men rasel ko 2030-1253 se haraya tha aur ab phir unhen harakar itihas doharaya.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


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