रामा राघोबा राणे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rama raghoba rane
rama raghoba rane
poora nam sekend leftinent rama raghoba rane
janm 26 joon, 1918
janm bhoomi haveli ganv, dharavad zila, karnatak
mrityu 11 julaee, 1994 (ayu- 76)
sthan pune, maharashtr
sena bharatiy thal sena
raink mejar
yoonit baaumbe injiniyars
seva kal 1940–1968 (28 varsh)
yuddh bharat-pakistan yuddh (1947)
samman paramavir chakr (1948)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari yah bambe injiniyars se jude hue the aur inhen rajauri ko phir se fatah karane ke sambandh men yad kiya jata hai.

sekend leftinent rama raghoba rane (angrezi: Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane, janm: 26 joon, 1918 - mrityu: 11 julaee, 1994) paramavir chakr se sammanit bharatiy sainik hain. inhen yah samman sanh 1948 men mila tha.

jivan parichay

raghoba rane ka janm 26 joon 1918 ko dharavad zile ke haveli ganv men hua tha. unaki prarambhik shiksha, pita ke ek sthan se doosare sthan par sthanantaran (transafar) ke karan bikhari-bikhari si huee. tabhi 1930 men asahayog andolan shuroo hua jisase raghoba rane behad prabhavit hue aur aisa laga ki vah is andolan men sab kuchh chhodakar kood padenge. lekin is sthiti ke ane ke pahale hi inake pita apane parivar sahit apane paitrik ganv chendiya a ge.

bharatiy sena men bharti

1940 men doosara vishv yuddh tezi par tha. raghoba ke bhitar bhi kuchh josh bhara jivan jine ki chah thi to unhonne bharatiy sena men jane ka man banaya. unaki ichchha rng laee aur 10 julaee 1940 ko vah baaumbe injiniyars men a ge. vahan inake utsah aur dakshata ne inake lie behatar mauqe paida kie. yah apane baich ke 'sarvottam rikroot' chune ge. is par inhen padonnat karake nayak bana diya gaya tatha inhen kamandent ki chhadi pradan ki gee. trening ke bad raghoba 26 inphentri divijan ki 28 phild kampani men a ge. yah kampani barma men japaniyon se lad rahi thi. barma se lautate samay raghosha rane ko do tukadiyon ke sath hi rok liya gaya aur unhen yah kam saunpa gaya ki vah buthidang men dushman ke gola barood ke jakhire ko nasht karen aur unaki gadiyon ko barabad kar den. raghoba aur unake sathi is kam ko karane men kamayab ho ge. yojana thi ki isake bar nevi ke jahaj inhen lekar age jaenge. durbhagy se yah yojana saphal nahin ho paee aur un logon ko nadi khud par karani padi. yah ek jokhim bhara kam tha kyonki us nadi par japan ki jabaradast gasht aur chaukasi lagi huee thi. isake bavajood raghoba aur unake sathi, japani dushmanon ki nazar se bachate hue unako mat dete hue is par ae aur in logon ne bahari bazar men apane divijan ke pas apani hajiri darj ki. yah ek behad himmat tatha soojhaboojh ka kam tha, jisake lie inhen turnt havaladar bana diya gaya.

sekend leftinent

isake bad rama raghoba rane lagatar sena ko apani bahaduri, apani netritv kshamata tatha apane charitr se prabhavit karate rahe jisake phalasvaroop inhen sekend leftinent ke roop men kamishnd aauphisar banakar jammoo kashmir ke morche par tainat kar diya gaya. pakistan ke javabi hamale ko nakam karate hue naushera ki fatah ke bad bharatiy sena ne apani niti men parivartan kiya aur yah tay kiya ki vah keval rakshatmak yuddh nahin ladegi balki khud bhi akramak hokar morche jitegi aur isi se dushman ka manobal tootega. is kram men sabase pahale 18 march 1948 ko 50 pairabriged tatha 19 inphentri briged ne jhangar par dubara jit hasil ki thi. usake bad bharatiy sena apani isi niti par dati rahi thi. isake bad yah nirnay hua tha ki dushman par dabav banae rakhate hue baravali rij, chingas tatha rajauri par kabja jamaya jay. is kam ke lie naushera-rajari marg ka saf hona bahut zaroori tha. ek to bhaugolik roop se yahan rasta pahadi raston ki tarah snkara tatha patharila tha, doosare is par dushman ne bahut si zamini surngen bhi bana rakhin thin. kooch karane ke pahale zaroori tha ki un surngon ko nakam karake, sabhi tarah ke avarodh vahan se hata die jaen.

adamy sahas ka pradarshan

8 aprail 1948 ko aise hi ek morche par sekend leftinent rama raghoba rane ko apana parakram dikhane ka mauka mila. 8 aprail 1948 ko yah kam baaumbe injiniyars ke inhin sekend leftinent rama raghoba rane ko saunpa gaya. din men kam shuroo hua aur sham tak rij ko fatah kar liya gaya. dushman ne is har par apana javabi hamala kiya lekin use nakam kar diya gaya. is saphalata ke lie rama raghoba ki vishesh bahaduri ka zikr kiya ja sakata hai. 8 aprail se hi, jaise hi rama raghoba ko kam shuroo karana tha, dushman ki bhari golabari tatha bamabari shuroo ho gee thi. is shuruati daur men hi rama raghoba ke do javan mare ge aur panch ghayal ho ge. ghayalon men rama raghoba svayn bhi the. isake bavajood rama raghoba apane taink ke pas se hate nahin aur dushman ki mashinagan tatha mortar ka samana karate rahe. rij jo jit bhale hi liya gaya tha, lekin raghoba ko poora ehasas tha ki dushman vahan se poori tarah saf nahin hua hai. isake bavajood, rama ne apane dal ko ekajut kiya aur ghumav banate hue apane tainkon ke sath vah age chal pade. rat das baje vah ek-ek zamini surng saf karate hue age badhate rahe, jabaki dushman ki taraph se mashinagan lagatar goliyon ki bauchhar kar rahi thi.

bahaduri aur chaturaee ka pradarshan

agale din 9 aprail ko phir ekadam subah se hi kam shuroo ho gaya jo sham tin baje tak chalata raha. is bich ek ghumavadar rasta taiyar tha, jo surakshit tha aur isase taink age ja sakate the. jaise-jaise sashastr dal age badha, rama raghoba agali pnkti men unaki aguvaee karate chale. raste men phir ek avarodh chid ke ped ko gira kar banaya gaya tha. raghoba phurti se apane taink se kood kar niche ae aur ped ko dhamake se udakar unhonne rasta saf kar liya. qarib tin sau gaz age phir vahin nazara tha. us samay sham dhal rahi thi aur rasta zyada ghumavadar hota ja raha tha. agali badha ek uda di gee puliya ne khadi ki thi. raghoba apane dal ke sath ise bhi door karane tatparata se jut ge. tabhi yakayak dushman ne mashinagan se goliyan chalani shuroo kar din lekin yahan bhi raghoba ne behad chaturaee se apana rasta doosari taraph se kata aur nirbadh age badh ge. is tarah sashastr sena ne n jane kitane marg avarodhon ka samana kiya aur sabhi ko rama raghoba ke dal ne bahaduri aur chaturaee se nipata dala.


sham sava chhah ka samay ho raha tha. roshani tezi se ghat rahi thi aur samane ek badi badha munh bae khadi thi. chid ke panch bade pedon ke sahare marg avarodh banaya gaya tha. usake niche zamini surnge thin, jisamen baroodi visphot ka poora saman tha aur usake donon or se mashinagar ki lagatar golabari thi jisase is avarodh ko door kar pana saral nahin lag raha tha. rama raghoba is badha ko bhi hatane ke lie tatpar the lekin sashastr tukadi ke kamandar ko yahi thik laga ki tukadi ka rasta badal kar kahin surakshit thikane par le jaya jae. is nirnay ke sath rat biti lekin rama raghoba ko chain nahin tha. vah subah paune panch baje se hi us marg avarodh ko saf karane men lag ge. dushman ki or se mashinagan ka var jari tha. usake sath ek taink bhi vahan tainat ho gaya tha lekin rama raghoba ka manobal bhi kam nahin tha. vah is kam men lage hi rahe aur subah sadhe chhah baje, qarib paune do ghante ki mashakkat ke bad unhonne vah rasta saf kar liya aur age badhane ki taiyari shuroo huee.


agala hajar gaz ka phasala jabaradast avarodhon tatha visphoton se dhvast tat-bndhon se bhara hua tha. itana hi nahin, age ka poora rasta mashinagan ki nigarani men tha lekin rama raghoba asadharan roop se shant tatha himmat se bhare hue the. unamen jabaradast netritv kshamata thi. vah apani tukadi ka hausala badhane men pravin the aur apani tukadi ke samane apani bahaduri evn himmat ki misal bhi rakh rahe the, jisake dam par unaka poora abhiyan usi din subah sadhe das baje tak poora ho gaya. sashastr tukadi ko to nikalane ka rasta raghoba ne de diya, lekin vah thame nahin. sashastr tukadi tavi nadi ke kinare ruk gee lekin raghoba ka dal prashasanik dal ke lie rasta saf karane men juta raha. raghoba ke taink chingas tak pahunch ge. rama ko is bat ka poora ehasas tha ki raston ka saf hona jit ke lie bahut zaroori hai, isalie vah ann-jal ke, bina vishram kiye rat das baje tak kam men lage rahe aur sabere chhah baje se phir shuroo ho ge. 11 aprail 1948 ko unhonne gyarah baje subah tak chingas ka rasta ek dam saf aur nirbadh kar diya. unaka kam abhi bhi poora nahin hua tha. usake bad bhi age ka rasta unako kam men lagae raha. rat gyarah baje jakar unaka kam poora hua.

samman

sekend leftinent rama raghoba rane ne jis bahaduri dhairy tatha kushal netritv se yah kam poora kiya aur bharat ko vijay ka shrey dilaya, usake lie unhen paramavir chakr pradan kiya gaya. yah samman unhonne svayn prapt kiya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • pustak- paramavir chakr vijeta, lekhak- ashok gupta, prishth snkhya- 43

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