संजय कुमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snjay kumar
raifalamain snjay kumar
poora nam raifalamain snjay kumar
janm 3 march, 1976
janm bhoomi vilasapur, himachal pradesh
sena bharatiy thal sena
raink nayab soobedar
yoonit 13 jammoo end kashmir raiphals
yuddh karagil yuddh (1999)
samman paramavir chakr
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari raiphal main snjay kumar ne matr tin varsh sena men rah kar hi 'paramavir chakr samman' pa liya.
adyatan‎

nayab soobedar snjay kumar (angrezi: Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, janm: 3 march, 1976) paramavir chakr se sammanit bharatiy vyakti hain. inhen yah samman san 1999 men mila. karagil ki ladaee jo 1999 men mee se julaee tak ladi gee, vah tisari ladaee thi, jisamen pakistan ne kashmir ko hadapane ke chakkar men har ka munh dekha tha. bharat ke 13 jammoo tatha kashmir raiphals ke javan raiphalamain snjay kumar ne is yuddh men jo parakram dikhaya vah dushman ko usake mnsoobe men mat de gaya. isake lie ko bharat sarakar ki or se paramavir chakr pradan kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

snjay kumar ka janm 3 march, 1976 ko vilasapur himachal pradesh ke ek ganv men hua tha unaki prarambhik shiksha ganv ke skool men hi huee lekin unaki ankhon men phauj men hi jane ka sapana basata tha. snjay kumar ke chacha phauj men the aur unhonne 1965 men pakistan ke khilaf ladaee ladi thi. ganv men doosare log bhi the, jo sabhi phauj men rahe the. ve log phauji bahaduri ke kisse sunakar ganv ke yuvakon ko utsahit karate rahate the. unhin yuvakon men snjay kumar bhi the. maitrik pas karane ke turnt bad snjay ne idhar-udhar se yah pata karana shuroo kar diya ki use phauj men kaise jagah mil sakati hai. apani is koshish men snjay ek din kamayab hue aur akhir 26 julaee 1996 ko unaka phauj men ane ka sapana poora ho gaya. phauj men akar snjay ki bahaduri ko pnkh lag ge aur tin varsh men hi snjay ne paramavir chakr jaisa sarvochch samman pa liya. isake lie snjay 18 se 20 hajar phit barph ki choti par yuddharat rahe dushman ko harane men unhonne apane pranon ki paravah nahin ki.

karagil yuddh (1999)

pakistan karagil ki ladaee se yah chahata tha ki kashmir ko laddakh se alag kar diya jae jisamen vah shrinagar-leh rashtriy rajamarg ko badhit karake saphal ko sakata tha. vah karagil ko bhi shrinagar se kat dena chahata tha, yuddh jisaka ek tarika tha aur pakistan bharat ka judav siyachin se bhi rok dena chahata tha. usaki najar men is sab ke lie usake pas pakki yojana thi. apani karyavahi ko us daur men dhar de raha tha jab bharat pakistan se shantivarta vatavaran bana raha tha. bharat ke tatkalin pradhanamntri atal bihari vajapeyi lahaur tak sab seva shuroo kar chuke the. pakistan ka dikhava is sab men shamil hone ka bhi tha. doosari or usaki senaen niyntran rekha ke pas akraman ke lie jam rahi thin usake sainikon ko oonchi pahadiyon par yuddh ke lie vishesh trening di ja rahi thi. yah sari kasarat janaral musharraph ke ate ke ate hi aktoobar 1998 se hi shuroo ho gee thi. niyntran rekha par jammoo men manavar se gurej tak bharatiy sena ki tainati aur gasht ki poori chaukasi thi lekin vah hissa, jo mushkoh ghati, dras, kaksar tatha batalik ka hai, jahan karagil ki ladaee ladi gee, vahan 10 se 45 kilomitar tak ke khule hue raste the, jis par kisi par taraph se koee chaukasi nahin thi. darasal, yah kshetr itana durgam tatha kathinaee bhara hai ki donon hi taraph se senaon ki chaukasi yahan keval garmi ke mausam men rakhi jati hai. sardiyon men yahan barphani toophan tatha bhaynkar barphabari ka mahaul rahata hai.
pakistan ki is yojana men ek chal yah bhi thi ki prakat roop se, n to vah koee ghusapaith thi, n hi koee sima atikraman. usake to keval apani senaen tainat ki thin. bharatiy senaen evn bharat sarakar to bhaunchak tab rah ge the, jab pakistan ne shimala samajhaute ka ullnghan karate hue 1972 men sthapit niyntran rekha ko par karake yuddh shuroo kiya tha. is yuddh ki shuruat qarib-karib mee 1999 se ho gee thi, jab usane is niyntran rekha ke 4 se 8 kilomitar bhitar tak apani senaen lakar khadi kar di thin. bharat is or se bekhabar tha, vah to 6 mee 1999 ko sthaniy charavahon ne pakistani phaujon ka jamavada dekhakar halachal machaee. bharat ki phaujon ko is sthiti ka andaj hone men samay laga. is bij gasht ke lie bheje ge javan udhar se vapas nahin laute. 10 joon, 1999 ko pakistan ne gashti dal ke aguva tatha panch sainikon ke kshat-vukshat shav bharat ko saunpe. darasal yah ladaee ki shuruat ka ek paigam tha jo bharat tak pahunchaya gaya tha. pakistan hukmaran aur sena is bat ke lie poori nishchint thi ki usaki rananiti aur yojana ajey hai. usaki ghusapaith spasht thi lekin pakistan is bat ko rajanaitik star par svikar karane ko taiyar nahin tha ki vah jamavada pak sena ka hai. usane yahi havala diya ki ve sab kashmir ke log hain, jo bharat se kashmir ko ajad karana chahate hain.
bharat ne is sari karyavahi ko yuddh ke roop men bahut dhairy se aur kafi bad men svikar kiya lekin jab naubat a hi gee to bharatiy senaen shatru par toot padin aur unhen nakon chane chabava die. ek bar phir pakistan ko parajay ka munh dekhana pada. is yuddh ne char bahadur sainikon ko paramavir chakr se sammanit hone ka avasar diya inamen do adhikari the aur do javan. in char saubhagyashali senaniyon men do to viragati ko prapt hue lekin do jivit bhi bach rahe ki unake pran desh ke lie phir kabhi kam aen. raiphal main snjay kumar unhin men se ek the, jo matr tin varsh sena men rah kar yah samman pa sake.

paramavir chakr samman

snjay kumar mushkoh ghati men chauki nambar 4875 par lad rahe the. bharatiy sena ke itihas men isi thikane par ek nee bat darj ki gee ki isi morche par do senaniyon ko paramavir chakr pradan kiya gaya. ek to raiphal main snjay kumar tatha doosare kaiptan vikram batra. vikram batra bhi 13 jammoo end kashmir raiphal men tainat the. unhen yah samman maranoparant kiya gaya tha. 4 julaee 1999 ko phlait taaup pvaint 4875 ki or kooch karane ke lie raiphal main snjay kumar ne ichchha ki ki vah apani tukadi ke sath agali pnkti men rahenge. yah morcha ghati men ek mahatvapoorn thikane par tha tatha rashtriy rajamarg 1A ke pas tha. yah raj marg qarib 30-40 kilomitar tak is phlait taaup se nigarani men rahata tha aur dram se matayan ko jodata tha. is thikane se kabhi bhi is raj marg par gujarane vale dushman par goliyan barasaee ja sakati thin. isalie yah behad zaroori tha ki yahan se dushman ko khaded kar is par kabja kiya jae. is thikane par fatah kie bina dras ke hailipaid par hailikaptar utarana sidhe-sidhe dushman ke nishane par ana tha, isalie yah thikana 4875 bharat ke lie ek zaroori chunauti tha.

snjay kumar ka parakram

4 julaee 1999 ko raiphal main snjay kumar jab hamale ke lie age badhe to ek jagah se dushman otometik gan ne jabaradast golibari shuroo kar di aur tukadi ka age badhana kathin ho gaya. aise men sthiti ki gambhirata ko dekhate hue raiphal main snjay kumar ne tay kiya ki us thikane ko achanak hamale se khamosh kara diya jae. is irade se snjay ne yakayak us jagah hamala karake amane-samane ki muthabhed men tin dushman ko mar giraya aur usi josh men golabari karate hue doosare thikane ki or badhe. raiphal main is muthabhed men khud bhi lahoo luhan ho ge the, lekin apani or se beparavah vah dushman par toot pade. is ekadam akasmik akraman se dushman baukhala kar bhag khada hua aur is bhagadad men dushman apani yoonivarsal mashinagan bhi chhod gaya. snjay kumar ne vah gan bhi hathiyaee aur usase dushman ka hi saphaya shuroo kar diya. snjay ke is chamatkarik karaname ko dekhakar usaki tukadi ke doosare javan bahut utsahit hue aur unhonne behad phurti se dushman ke doosare thikanon par dhava bol diya. is daur men snjay kumar khoon se lathapath ho ge the lekin vah ran chhodane ko taiyar nahin the aur vah tab tak dushman se joojhate rahe the, jab tak vah pvaint phlait taaup dushman se poori tarah khali nahin ho gaya. is tarah raiphal main snjay kumar ne apane abhiyan men jit hasil ki.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • pustak- paramavir chakr vijeta | lekhak- ashok gupta | prishth snkhya- 138

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah