करम सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

karam sinh
lans nayak karam sinh
poora nam lans nayak karam sinh
janm 15 sitambar, 1915
janm bhoomi bhaliyan ganv, pnjab
mrityu 20 janavari, 1993 (ayu- 77)
sthan baranala, pnjab
abhibhavak saradar uttam sinh (pita)
pati/patni guradayal kaur
sena bharatiy thal sena
raink soobedar, kaiptan
yoonit pahali sikkh bataliyan
seva kal 1941–1969
yuddh [[bharat-pakistan yuddh (1947)]]
samman paramavir chakr, sena padak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari jammoo kashmir ka yuddh hi unaki bahaduri ki kahani nahin kahata balki usake pahale ve doosare vishv yuddh men bhi apani virata ka paracham lahara chuke the, jisake lie inhen 14 march 1944 ko sena padak mila aur is samman ke sath hi inhen padonnati dekar lans nayak bhi banaya gaya.

lans nayak karam sinh (angrezi: Lance Naik Karam Singh, janm: 15 sitambar, 1915; mrityu: 20 janavari, 1993) bharat ke doosare paramavir chakr se sammanit vyakti the. inhen yah samman san 1948 men mila.

jivan parichay

lans nayak karam sinh ka janm 15 sitambar 1915 ko pnjab ke sngaroor zile ke bhaliyan vale ganv men hua tha. 6 varsh ki umr men karam sinh ko skool bheja gaya aur poori koshish ke bad parinam yahi nikala ki unhen padha pana kisi ke lie bhi asambhav hai. inake pita saradar uttam sinh ek sampann kisan the. unhonne koshish ki ki karam sinh kheti badi men hi lag jaen, lekin vahan bhi inhen kamayabi nahin mili. karam sinh ka man vahan bhi ramata nazar nahin aya aur is tarah vah ek nalayak bachche ki tarah shumar kiye jane lage. doosari or karam sinh ke man men sahasik aur romanchak zindagi ki lalak thi aur inake chacha hi inake adarsh the, jo phauj men jooniyar kamanding aauphisar the. apani hi tarah ki is tabiyat ke chalate karam sinh ganv men kushti aur khel-kood ke chainpiyan kahe jate the.

sena men bharti

apani ane vali zindagi men jo tamage inhen sachamuch desh bhar ka siramaur banane vale the, unaki buniyad 15 sitambar 1941 ko padi. doosara vishv yuddh poore jor-shor se jari tha. unhin dinon phauj ki bharti ka ek mauka unake ganv men bhi aya, jise karam sinh ne nahin gnvaya aur is tarah 26 varsh ki umr men karam sinh ek phauji ban ge. ranchi men behad saralata se apani trening poori karane ke bad inhen agast 1942 men sikh rejiment men liya gaya. vahan se hi, karam sinh ne apani dhak ek kushal nayak ke roop men jamaee aur apane aphasaron ko yah abhas diya ki vah kathin paristhiti men turnt thik nirnay lene ki kshamata rakhane vale sainik hain. karam sinh ne apani pahachan n sirph ladaee ke maidan men banaee, balki khel ke maidan men bhi vah pichhe nahin rahe. jahan bachapan men vah kushti men apana nam rakhate the, vahin phauj men unhonne pol vaault tatha oonchi kood men nam raushan kiya.

1947 yuddh

3 joon, 1947 ko angrezon ne desh ke bntavare ki apani yojana ki ghoshana ki. us samay yah desh chhoti-badi riyasaton men bnta hua tha. angrezon ne yah prastav rakha ki riyasaten, jis kisi bhi bnte hue hisse, hindustan ya pakistan, men milana chahen mil jaen ya chahen to svatantr rahane ki marji jahir karen. lagabhag sab riyasaton ne apana nirnay liya. jin riyasaton ne kahin bhi n milana tay kiya, jammoo kashmir unamen se ek riyasat thi, jisamen maharaja hari sinh ki hukoomat thi. unhonne apani praja ki marji janane ke nam par, nirnay lene se pahale kuchh samay manga jo angrejon ne diya. bharat aur pakistan donon ko is bich dhairy poorvak intajar karana tha. bharat us samay bntavare ki samasyaon men ulajha hua tha, isaliye vah to us or se khamosh tha hi, lekin pakistan to jammoo kashmir par ankh gadae baitha tha. use lagata tha ki muslim abadi tatha sima ke hisab se jammoo kashmir use hi milana chahiye. pakistan is intajar men bechain ho gaya. usane jammoo kashmir ko hamesha se milane vali rashan, tel, namak, kirosin adi ki saplaee bnd karadi. usaka irada raja hari sinh par dabab dalana tha. usake bad usane 20 aktoobar, 1947 ko jammoo kashmir par sab taraph se hamala kar diya. kashmir ne bharat se madad mangi to bharat ne kaha ki choonki kashmir svatntr rahana chahata hai, isalie usaka bich men padana thik nahin hai. is par ghabarakar hari sinh ne yathasthiti banae rakhate hue bharat ke sath judane ka prastav patr likha jise bharat ne svikar kar liya. ab ladaee bharat aur pakistan ki ho gee. bharat is taraph akela tha aur pakistan ko britisharaj ke phauji aur nagarik, adhikariyon ka gup-chup hausala tha. bharat is yuddh ka hissa 28 aktoobar se bana aur use yah ladaee ek sath kee morchon par ladani padi. mejar somanath sharma ranabhoomi men shahid ho gaye the jabaki lans nayak ne n keval fatah hasil ki, balki apani tukadi ki jan bhi salamat rakhi.

nidhan

jammoo kashmir ka yuddh hi unaki bahaduri ki kahani nahin kahata balki usake pahale ve doosare vishv yuddh men bhi apani virata ka paracham lahara chuke the jisake lie inhen 14 march 1944 ko sena padak mila aur is samman ke sath hi inhen padonnati dekar lans nayak bhi banaya gaya. desh ko apane shaury se vijay ka itihas dekar lans nayak karam sinh ne ek lamba jivan jiya aur varsh 1993 men apane ganv men unhonne shantipoorvak antim sans li. us samay unaki patni guradayal kaur unake sath thin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • pustak- paramavir chakr vijeta, lekhak- ashok gupta, prishth snkhya- 43

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