होशियार सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hoshiyar sinh
hoshiyar sinh
poora nam hoshiyar sinh dahiya
janm 5 mee, 1937
janm bhoomi ganv sisana, sonipat, hariyana
mrityu 6 disambar, 1998 (ayu- 61 varsh)
sena bharatiy thal sena
raink karnal
yoonit 3 grenediyars
yuddh bharat-pakistan yuddh (1965), bharat-pakistan yuddh (1971)
shiksha metikuleshan
samman paramavir chakr
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 1971 ke yuddh ke pahale, hoshiyar sinh ne 1965 men bhi pakistan ke khilaf ladate hue apana karishma dikhaya tha. bikaner sektar men apane kshetr men akraman petroling karate hue unhonne aisi mahattvapoorn soochana lakar saunpi thi, jisake karan bataliyan ki fatah asani se ho gee thi aur isake lie unaka ullekh 'mainshnd is dispaichez' men hua tha.

karnal hoshiyar sinh (angrezi: Major Hoshiar Singh, janm: 5 mee, 1937; mrityu: 6 disambar, 1998) paramavir chakr se sammanit bharatiy vyakti hai. inhen yah samman san 1971 men mila. varsh 1971 ke bharat pakistan yuddh ne bharat ke do bahadur sipahiyon ko paramavir chakr ka hakadar banaya. ek to poona haaurs ke sekend lephtinent arun khetrapal jinhonne apane pran gnva kar sabase kam umr ke paramavir chakr vijeta ka samman prapt kiya, doosare mejar hoshiyar sinh jinhonne 3 grenediyars ki aguvaee karate hue apana adbhut parakram dikhaya aur dushman ko parajay ka munh dekhana pada. unhonne jammoo kashmir ki doosari or, shakaragad ke pasari kshetr men jaraval ka morcha fatah kiya tha.

jivan parichay

hoshiyar sinh ka janm 5 mee, 1936 ko sonipat, hariyana ke ek ganv sisana men hua tha. unaki prarnbhik skooli shiksha sthaniy haee skool men tatha usake bad jat siniyar sekendari skool men huee. vah ek medhavi chhatr the. unhonne metikuleshan ki pariksha pratham shreni men pas ki thi. padhaee ke sath-sath vah khel kood men bhi age rahate the. hoshiyar sinh pahale rashtriy chaimpiyanaship ke lie baaulibal ki pnjab knbaind tim ke lie chune ge aur vah tim phir rashtriy tim chun li gee jisake kaiptan hoshiyar sinh the. is tim ka ek maich jat rejimaital sentar ke ek uchch adhikari ne dekha aur hoshiyar sinh unaki najaron men a gay. is tarah hoshiyar sinh ke phauj men ane ki bhoomika bani. 1957 men unhonne 2 jat rejiment men pravesh liya bad men vah 3 grenediyars men kamishan lekar aphasar ban ge. 1971 ke yuddh ke pahale, hoshiyar sinh ne 1965 men bhi pakistan ke khilaf ladate hue apana karishma dikhaya tha. bikaner sektar men apane kshetr men akraman petroling karate hue unhonne aisi mahattvapoorn soochana lakar saunpi thi, jisake karan bataliyan ki fatah asani se ho gee thi aur isake lie unaka ullekh 'mainshnd is dispaichez' men hua tha. phir, 1971 ka yuddh to unake lie nirnayak yuddh tha jisamen unhen desh ka sabase bada samman prapt hua.

bharat-pakistan yuddh (1971)

svatantr bharat ne ab tak panch yuddh lade jinamen se char men usaka samana pakistan se hua. yah yuddh shuroo bhale hi pakistan ne kiya ho, unaka samapan bharat ne kiya aur vijay ka sehara usi ke sir bndha. in char yuddhon men ek yuddh jo 1971 men lada gaya vah mahattvapoorn kaha ja sakata hai kyonki is ladaee ne pakistan ko parajit karake ek aise ne rashtr ka uday kiya, jo pakistan ka hissa tha aur varshon se pashchim pakistan ki phauji satta ka anyay sah raha tha. vahi hissa, poorvi pakistan, 1971 ke yuddh ke bad bangladesh bana. jab se pakistan bana, tab se pashchim pakistan satta ka kendr bana raha. vah muslim bahul ilaka tha. doosari or poorvi pakistan, poorvi bngal tha jo vibhajan ke bad pakistan men a gaya tha. yah hissa bangla bhashiyon se bhara tha. is tarah poorvi aur pashchimi pakistan do alag-alag bhashayon aur snskritiyon ka pratinidhitv karate the. isaka natija yah tha ki pashchim pakistan ki muslim bahul satta ka vyavahar, apane hi desh ke ek hisse se behad anyayapoornak tatha sautela hota tha, bhale hi desh ka hissa khasa vaibhav aur sampada sarakar ko deta tha. 7 agast 1970 ko hue pakistan ke chunav men janamat ka ek naya chehara se samane aya, jisamen shekh mujiburrahaman ki parti avami lig ne behad bhari bahumat se jit hasil ki. sthiti yah bani ki avami lig ki sarakar satta men a jae. is bat ke lie pashchim pakistan ka shasan katee taiyar nahin th. us samay julphikar ali bhatto pradhanamntri the, tatha yahana khan rashtrapati pad par baithe the. bangla bahul avami lig ki sarakar banane se rokane ke lie in donon ne nee vijeta asenbali ke gathan par bndish laga kar rok diya. unake is nirnay se bangla samuday men itana asntosh phaila ki usane ek andolan ka roop le liya. 3 march, 1971 ko dhaka men, jo ki poorvi pakistan ka gadh tha, vahan karphyoo lagaya gaya lekin usase andolan par koee phark nahin pada. us samay sahibajada khan lephtinent garvanar tatha marshal laau ke prashasak the, unhen hatakar lephtinent janaral tikka khan ko laya gaya. tikka khan us daur men barbarata ki had kayam huee aur unhen 'bagla desh ka boochar' karar diya gaya. tikka khan ne aaupareshan blitj ke nam par poorvi pakistan ki bangla bhashi janata par itane jurm dhae, jisaki misal milani mushkil hai.
pakistan phaujen poorvi pakistan ko goliyon se bhoonane lagin. bamabari se nihatthe nagarikon ko tatha bangla bhashi ardh sainik balon ko kuchala jane laga aur halat yah ho gee ki vahan se bangla bhashi log bhag kar bharat men sharan pane lage. dekhate-dekhate lakhon sharanarthi bharat ki sima men ghus ae. unake bhojan aur avas ki jimmedari bharat par a gee. bharat ne jab pakistan se is bare men bat ki, to usane ise apana andarooni mamala batate hue bharat isase alag rahane ko kaha, sath hi sharanarthiyon ki samasya ke bare men pakistan ne hath jhad lie. aise men bharat ke pas sirph ek chara tha ki vah apane sainy bal ka prayog kare jisase poorvi pakistani nagarikon ka vahan se bharat ki or palayan ruke. is majaboori men bharat ko us sainik karyavahi men utarana pada jo antatah bharat-pak yuddh men badal gee.

hoshiyar sinh ka parakram

is yuddh ko bharat ne kee morcho par lada jisamen ek morche par mejar hoshiyar sinh ne bhi kaman snbhali. bharat ki sainy dakshata tatha shaury ke age pakistan ko ghutane tekane pade aur antatah poorvi pakistan ka hissa samooche pakistan se alag hokar ek svatntr desh ban ge, jo bangladesh kahalaya. is yuddh men bharat ne n keval vijay hasil ki varanh poorvi pakistan ke nirih, nihatthe nagarikon ko barbarata ka shikar hone se bhi bachaya. ab isi yuddh ke morche ki bat karen. shakaragadh pathar bharat aur pakistan donon ke lie ek mahattvapoorn thikana tha. bharat agar is par kabja jama leta hai, to vah ek or jammoo kashmir tatha uttari pnjab ko surakshit rakh sakata hai, doosari or pakistan ke thik marmasthal par prahar kar sakata hai. isi tarah agar pakistan is par kabja rakhe to vah bharat ke bhitar ghusata a sakata hai. jahir hai ki yah behad mauke ka thikana tha jis par donon or ke sainikon ki najar thi. shakaragadh pathar ka 900 kilomitar ka vah snvadenashil kshetr poori tarah se prakritik badhaon se bhara hua tha jis par dushman ne taink bhedi bahut si baroodi surngen bichhaee huee thin. 14 disambar 1971 ko 3 grenediyars ke kamanding aauphisar ko supaval khaee par briged ka hamala karane ke adesh die ge. is 3 grenediyars ko jaraval tatha lohal ganvon par kabja karana tha. 15 disambar 1971 ko do kampaniyan, jinamen se ek ka netritv mejar hoshiyar sinh snbhal rahe the, hamale ka pahala daur lekar age badhin. donon kampaniyon ne apani fatah dushman ki bhari golabari, bamabari tatha mashinagan ki bauchhar ke bavajood hasil kar li. in kampaniyon ne dushman ke 20 javanon ko yuddh bndi banaya aur bhari matra men hathiyar aur golabarood apane kabje men le liya un hathiyaron men unhen midiyam mashinagan tatha raauket lanchars mile.

agale din 16 disambar, 1971 ko 3 grenediyars ko ghamasan yuddh ka samana karana pada. pakistan javabi hamala karake apana gnvaya hua kshetr vapas pane ke lie joojh raha tha. usake is hamale men usaki or se golibari tatha bamabari men koee kami nahin chhoot rahi thi. 3 grenediyars ka bhi manobal ooncha tha. vah pakistan dvara kie ja rahe javabi hamalon ko nakam kie ja rahe the. 17 disambar, 1971 ko sooraj ki pahali kiran ke pahale hi dushman ki ek bataliyan ne bam aur gaulibari se mejar hoshiyar sinh ki kampani par phir hamala kiya. mejar hoshiyar sinh ne is hamale ka javab ekadam nidar hokar diya aur vah apane javanon ko poore josh se joojhane ke lie ukasate rahe, unaka hausala badhate rahe. hanlaki vah ghayal ho ge the, phir bhi vah ek khaee se doosari khaee tak jate aur apane javanon ka hausala badhate rahe. unhonne khud bhi ek midiyam mashinagan us samay tham li, jab usaka ganar mara gaya. isase unaki kampani ka josh dugana hua aur vah jyada teji se dushman par toot pade. us din dushman ke 89 javan mare ge, jinamen unaka kamanding aauphisar lephtinent karnal mohammad akaram raja bhi shamil tha. 35 phrntiyar phors raiphals ka yah aauphisar apane tin aur adhikariyon ke sath usi maidan men mara gaya tha.

sara din dushman ki bataliyan ki phauj ke bache-kuche sainik mejar hoshiyar sinh ki phauj se joojhate rahe. sham 6 baje adesh mile ki 2 ghante bad yuddh viram ho jaega. donon bataliyan in 2 ghanton men jyada-se-jyada var karake dushman ko pare kar dena chahate the. jab yuddh viram ka samay aya us samay tak mejar hoshiyar sinh ki 3 grenediyars ka ek adhikari tatha 32 phauji mare ja chuke the. isake alava 3 adhikari 4 jooniyar kamishnd adhikari tatha 86 javan ghayal the. tabhi mejar hoshiyar sinh ki bataliyan ko yuddh viram ke bad jit ka sehara pahanaya gaya. 17 disambar 1871 ke yuddh viram ke bad bangladesh ke uday ki varta shuroo huee. mejar hoshiyar sinh ko paramavir chakr pradan kiya gaya aur desh arun khetrapal ki smriti men maun bhi hua, jo bas ek din pahale viragati ko prapt ho ge the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • pustak- paramavir chakr vijeta | lekhak- ashok gupta | prishth snkhya- 106

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah