ए. बी. तारापोरे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

e. bi. tarapore
leftinent karnal e. bi. tarapore
poora nam leftinent karnal ardeshir barjari tarapore
any nam adi
janm 18 agast, 1923
janm bhoomi bambee (ab mumbee), maharashtr
shahadat 16 sitambar, 1965 (ayu- 42)
sthan chavinda, pakistan
sena haidarabad sena, bharatiy thal sena
raink leftinent karnal
yoonit d poona haaurs
seva kal haidarabad sena- 1940-1951; bharatiy sena- 1951-1965
yuddh bharat pakistan yuddh (1965)
samman paramavir chakr (1965)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari e. bi. tarapore ke purakhon ka sambandh chhatrapati shivaji maharaj ki sena se tha, jinhen virata ke puraskar svaroop 100 ganv die ge the. unamen ek mukhy ganv ka nam tara por tha. isalie yah log tarapore kahalae.

leftinent karnal e. bi. tarapore (angrezi: Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore, janm: 18 agast, 1923; shahadat:16 sitambar, 1965) paramavir chakr se sammanit bharatiy sainik the. unhen yah samman san 1965 men maranoparant mila. unaka poora nam 'ardeshir barjari tarapore' hai aur unake sathi unhen 'adi' kahakar pukarate the. e. bi. tarapore ke purakhon ka sambandh chhatrapati shivaji maharaj ki sena se tha.

jivan parichay

ardeshir tarapore ka janm 18 agast, 1923 ko bambee (ab mumbee), maharashtr men hua tha. unake purakhon ka sambandh chhatrapati shivaji maharaj ki sena se tha, jinhen virata ke puraskar svaroop 100 ganv die ge the. unamen ek mukhy ganv ka nam tara por tha. isalie yah log tarapore kahalae. bahaduri ki virasat lekar janme tarapore ki prarambhik shiksha saradar dastoor vvayaz skool poona men huee, jahan se unhonne 1940 men maitrik pas kiya. usake bad unhonne phauj men dakhila liya. unaka sainy prashikshan aauphisar trening skool golakunda men poora hua, aur vahan se yah baingalor bhej die ge. unhen 1 janavari 1942 ko bataur kamishnd aauphisar 7vin haidarabad inphentari men niyukt kiya gaya. adi ne yah niyukti svikar to kar li lekin unaka man bakhtarabnd rejiment men jane ka tha, jisamen taink dvara yuddh lada jata hai. vah usamen pahunche bhi lekin kaise, yah prasng bhi rochak hai.

ek bar unaki bataliyan ka nirikshan chal raha tha jisake adhikari pramukh mejar jaranal indroj the. indroj stet phorses ke kamandar in chiph bhi the. us samay ardeshir tarapore ki samany drening chal rahi thi, jisamen haind grened phenkane ka abhyas jari tha. usamen ek rngaroot ne grened phenka, jo galati se asurakshit kshetr men gira. usake visphot se nukasan ki badi sambhavana thi. aise men, ardeshir tarapore ne phurti se chhalang lagaee aur us grened ko uthakar surakshit kshetr men uchhal diya. lekin is bich vah grened phata aur usaki lapet men adi ghayal ho ge. jab adi thik hue to indroj ne unhen bula kar unaki tariph ki. usi dam adi ne armd rejiment men jane ki ichchha prakat lansars men lae ge.

bharatiy sena men

adi, yani lephtinent arnal e. bi. tarapore, 11 sitambar 1965 ko syalakot sektar men the aur poona haaurs ki kaman samhal rahe the. chavinda ko jitana 1 korpas ka makasad ge. 11 sitambar, 1965 ko tarapore ko syalakot pakistan ke hi phillaura par achanak hamale ka kam saunpa gaya. phillaura par ek taraph se hamala karake bharatiy sena ka irada chavinda ko jitane ka tha. is hamale ke dauran tarapore apani tukadi ke sath age badh hi rahe the ki dushman ne vazirali ki taraph se achanak zavabi hamale men jabaradast golibari shuroo kar di. tarapore ne is hamale ka bahaduri se samana kiya aur apane ek skvedran ko inphntari ke sath lekar phillaura par hamala bol diya. halanki tarapore is dauran ghayal ho ge the, lekin unhonne ran nahin chhoda aur jabaradast golibari karate hue date rahe. 14 sitambar ko 1 korpas ke aauphisar kamanding ne vichar kiya ki jab tak chavind ke pichhe badi phauj ka jamavada n bana liya jae, tab tak shahar tak kabja ka pana asan nahin hoga. is hal ko dekhate hue unhonne 17 haaurs tatha 8 gadhaval raiphals ko hukum kiya ki 16 sitambar ko jassoran buntur dogarandi men ikathta ho.


16 sitambar 1965 ko hi 17 hars ne 9 dogara ki ek kampani ke sath milakar jassoran par kabja kar liya, halanki isase unaka kafi nukasan hua. udhar 8 gadhaval kampani buntoor agradi par taraph pane men kamayab ho gee. is morche par bhi hindustani phauj ne bahut kuchh gnvaya aur 8 gadhaval kamanding aauphisar jhirad mare ge. 17 haaurs ke sath tarapore chavinda par hamala banate hue date hue the. mukabala ghamasan tha. isalie 43 gadiyon ke sath ek tukadi ko hukum diya gaya ki vah bhi jakar chavinda ke hamale men shamil ho jae lekin vah tukadi vakt par nahin pahunch paee aur hamala rok dena pada. udhar tarapore ki tukadi unake josh bhare netritv men joojh rahi thi. unhonne dushman se sath tainkon ko barbad kiya tha jisake lie sirph nau taink gnvane pade the. isi soojh bhare yuddh jab tarapore taink ki ladaee lad rahe the, tabhi vah dushman ke nishane par a ge aur unhonne dam tod diya. tarapore to shahid ho ge, lekin unaki sena isase dugane josh se bhar uthi aur usaki ladaee jari rahi.

paramavir chakr samman

bharat sarakar ne lephtinent arnal e. bi. tarapore ko paramavir chakr se maranoparant sammanit kiya. vah sachamuch desh ka gaurav the. usase bhi badi bat ek aur rahi. pakistan mejar aga humayoon khan aur mejar shamashad ne chavinda ke yuddh par ek alekh likha, jo pakistan ke diphens janaral men chhapa. usamen in donon pakistani adhikariyon ne lephtinent arnal e. bi. tarapore ke vishay men likha, ki vah ek bahadur aur ajey yoddha the, jinhonne poore yuddh kal men 17 poona haaurs ka behad kushal snchalan kiya.

bharat-pakistan yuddh (1965)

alag rashtr ho jane ke bad pakistan har halat men kashmir ko hathiya lene par utaroo tha. 1947-48 men vibhajan ke turnt bad pakistan ne bina sabr dikhae kashmir par phauji hamala kar diya tha, jabaki jammoo kashmir ke maharaja hari sinh ne apana yah nirnay dene ke lie samay manga tha, ki vah kisi desh ke sath milana chahate hain ya svatntr riyasat bane rahana chahate hain. us ladaee men pakistan ko munh ki khani padi thi. pakistan har to gaya tha lekin chup nahin baitha tha usaki najar jammoo-kashmir par lagi huee thi. 1962 men bharat ne chin se yuddh lada tha, jisake prabhav se ubarane men use samay lag raha tha. mee 1965 men tatkalin pradhanamntri pandit javaharalal neharoo divngat hue the aur unake bad lal bahadur shastri pradhanamntri banakar ae the. pakistan ne yah sanajhane men bhool ki thi, ki lal bahadur shastri darasal kitane dridh vyakti hain. aise men usake man men kutilata ne phir sir uthaya tha aur usane ek bar phir kashmir jhapatane ke lie yuddh chhedane ka man bana liya tha.

pakistan is guman men tha ki usaki arthik sthiti krishi tatha audyaugik kshetr men majaboot huee hai. usake pas amerika se jutaee huee jabaradast sainy samagri hai jisamen paitan taink ka nam usake dil men sabase jyada uchhal raha tha. saibar jait ke char daste bhi use josh dila rahe the. neharoo ka prabhav usake jane ke sath pakistan ke man se mitane laga tha, phir kya tha, pakistan ko laga ki kashmir ko jit lene ke lie isase jyada sunahara mauka vah nahin pa sakata. pahale to pakistan ne, mahaj sthitiyon ka jayaja lene ke lie kachchh ke ran men ek simit dayare ka yuddh racha aur is yuddh ki kaman vahan ke mejar janaral tikka khan ne snbhali. pakistan ki or se yah hamala 9 aprail 1965 ko kiya gaya. bharat ne isaka javab to diya lekin us javab se vah pakistan ko yah samajhane men chook gaya ki bharat se ulajhana is bar bhi usake lie har ko nyota dene jaisa hoga. balki kachchh ka natija pakistan ko hausala de gaya ki vah is samay kashmir ko hadap sakata hai. kachchh ke ran ka yuddh antararashtriy hastakshep se ruk gaya. pakistan ko yuddh viram svikar karake yuddh ke pahale ki yatha sthiti tak vapas ana pada. pakistan ne 30 joon, 1965 ko yuddhaviram ke bad is prastav par hastakshar kie ki is sthiti par tin sadasyon ka dal ek samajhaute ki rooparekha taiyar karega. bharat is prastav tatha yuddhaviram se nishchit ho gaya lekin pakistan ke man men to sirph yuddh ka ubal tha aur use kashmir apani jholi men dekh raha tha. usake lie koee nishpakshiy varta, kuchh bhi arth nahin rakhati thi.

agast ke pahale pakhavare, 1965 men bharatiy sena ko pata chala ki kashmir ki sima par pakistan ka jabaradast jamavada ban raha hai. pakistan ne is ladaee ki taiyari men jo rananiti apanaee thi, usake anusar yah dutarapha yuddh hona tha. ek to samany phauji ladaee, doosare sire par prashikshit gorilla yuddh. pakistan ka andaj tha ki yah niti use zaroor kamayab karegi. pakistan ne ise 'apareshan jibraltar' ka nam diya. pakistan is bar is sapane ko sakar karane ke mnsoobon men tha ki kashmir to usaka hua hi samajho. sitambar, 1965 ke shuroo men hi pakistan ne apani karyavahi bakayada apane sainy bal ke sath shuroo kar di. yah ladaee bhi kee morchen par huee, lekin chavinda ke ranakshetr men lada gaya yuddh vishesh mahattv rakhata hai. syalakot sektar men chavinda ki tarah ka shrey 17 poona haaurs ke lephtinent karnal ardeshir barjari tarapore ko jata hai, jinhen pyar se unake sathi adi kahate the.


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