वी. पी. मेनन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vi. pi. menan
vi. pi. menan
poora nam rau bahadur vappala pngunni menan
janm 30 sitnbar, 1893
janm bhoomi malabar, keral
mrityu 31 disnbar, 1965
mrityu sthan bengळooroo
pati/patni kanakamma
sntan do putr- pngunni anntan menan aur pngunni shnkaran menan
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr bharatiy prashasanik seva ke pratishthit adhikari
vishesh yogadan bharat men deshi riyasaton ke ekikaran men vi. pi. menan ki ahamh bhoomika rahi. saradar patel ke sahayogi ke roop men bhi vah yad kie jate hain.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari saradar patel aur vi. pi. menan ke bich ka rishta amooly tha. menan, patel ke baen hath jaise the aur svatntr bharat ki ekata men unhonne mahattvapoorn yogadan diya tha. unhonne rajyon ko bharat men milane ke lie rajanitik paripakvata ka behatarin namoona pesh kiya tha.

rau bahadur vappala pngunni menan (angrezi: Rao Bahadur Vappala Pangunni Menon, janm- 30 sitnbar, 1893, keral; mrityu- 31 disnbar, 1965, bengळooroo) bharatiy prashasanik seva ke ek pratishthit adhikari the. bharatiy sivil seva men ek klark ki tarah apana kariyar arnbh karane vale menan british bharatiy gavarnar-janaral ke vaidhanik salahakar ke pad[1] tak pahunche aur jab antarim sarakar viphal rahi to menan ne hi bharat ke vibhajan ki salah di. bharat ke vibhajan aur phir riyasaton ke ekikaran men vi. pi. menan ki ahamh bhoomika rahi. saradar patel ke sahayogi ke roop men bhi vah yad kie jate hain. haidarabad, joonagadh ya phir kashmir sabaki kahani men menan ka nam jaroor ata hai.

parichay

vi. pi. menan ka janm 30 sitambar, 1893 ko keral ke malabar kshetr men hua tha. unake pita ek vidyalay ke pradhanachary the. bachapan men apani padhaee ka bojh gharavalon ke oopar se uthane ke lie menan ghar se bhag ge. pahale relave men koyalajhonk, phir khanik aur bengalor tnbakoo knpani men munshi ka kam karane ke bad bharatiy prashasanik seva men nichale star se apani jivika shuroo ki. apani mehanat ke sahare vi. pi. menan ne angrej sarakar men sabase uchch prashasanik sevak ka pad alnkrit kiya. bharat ke snvidhan ke mamale men vi. pi. menan pndit the. vaisarayon ke adhin kam karate samay bhi ve sudridh deshabhakt the. unaki patni shrimati kanakamma thin. unake do putr the- pngunni anntan menan aur pngunni shnkaran menan.

saradar patel ke kahane par hi vi. pi. menan ne bharat vibhajan, rajyon ke ekikaran aur satta hastantaran par pustaken likhi thin. bharat ki ajadi ke bad prashasanik seva ke adhikariyon ko neta aur mntri achchhi nazaron se nahin dekhate the. unake man men kahin n kahin ye bat baithi hoti thi ki ye angrejon ke lie kam karate the. yahan tak ki javaharalal neharoo bhi in naukarashahon se doori banaye rakhate the. shayad yahi karan tha ki vi. pi. menan ne saradar patel ki mrityu ke bad avakash le liya tha.

riyasaton ke ekikaran men yogadan

salon ki paratntrata ke bad bharat jab azad hone vala tha, tab sadiyon ki gulami ke bad svadhinata ki sugabugahat hone lagi thi. angrez ab desh chhodakar jane vale the. sadiyon ki ladaee ke bad ab desh ki azadi ka sapana sakar hone vala tha. lekin is sapane ke sakarikaran ke samane ek bahut badi samasya thi, bharat men base alag-alag 565 chhote-bade rajavadon-riyasaton ke ekikaran ki. in riyasaton ke vilay ke bina azad mulk ki kalpana bemani thi. akhir in riyasaton ko bharat men vilay ke lie manana itana asan bhi nahin tha. itihas men is avismaraniy kary ke lie saradar ballabh bhaee patel ko yad kiya jata raha hai. lekin hakiqat to yah hai ki agar bharat ke tatkalin salahakar vi. pi. menan nahin hote, to shayad akele ballabh bhaee patel bhi bharat ko ek nahin kar pate.

aisa mana jata hai ki bharat ki snvaidhanik azadi ke lie jo adharabhoot pharmoola istemal kiya gaya, vah menan ne hi prastut kiya tha. lekin itana kah dene bhar se bharat ke ekikaran men menan ki bhoomika ka pata nahin chalata. isake lie itihas ko khngalana hoga. british shasakon dvara bharat ko azad karane ki ghoshana ke bad jab satta hastantaran ka kam chal raha tha, tab adhikatar riyasaton ki prathamikata bharat aur pakistan se alag svatntr rajy ke roop men rahane ki thi. azadi ki ghoshana ke sath hi deshi riyasaton ke mukhiyaon men svatntr rajy ke roop men apani satta barakarar rakhane ki hod-si lagi thi.

bharat ke lie yah vaqt kisi du:svapn se kam nahin tha. jis ekikrit svatntr bharat ki ninv shahid krantikariyon ne rakhi thi, vo ninv girane hi vali thi. is vaqt men javaharalal neharoo aur saradar patel ke lie kuchh bhi phaisala lena kathin tha. ballabh bhaee kisi bhi kimat par desh ke vibhajan ke paksh men nahin the, lekin paristhiti kuchh aisi thi ki agar desh ko azad rahana hai, to vibhajan ke us daur se gujarana hi hoga. lekin sabhi riyasaton ko apane desh men shamil karane ke lie koee tarakib bhi nahin thi. is vaqt sabase zyada koee kam aya, to vo the vi. pi. menan. darasal, vi. pi. menan bharatiy prashasanik seva ke ek pratishthit adhikari the. menan bhale hi british raj ke ek vaphadar adhikari the, lekin ek sachche deshabhakt aur bharatiy bhi the. saradar patel ke mntrimndal men salahakar banane ke bad menan ki sabase badi jimmedari thi, sabhi riyasaton ko bharat men vilay ke lie manana. sabase khas bat to ye hai ki agar bharat ke chhote-chhote tukade hote, to shayad desh ko ghatak parinam bhugatane padate. darasal, menan laaurd maunt betan ke kafi karibi bhi the, jo bad men saradar patel ke bhi karibi ban gaye. agar vah satta ke madhyam se kuchh bhi mangana chahate to asani se mil jata, par menan ki aisi koee ichchha nahin thi.

idhar desh ke samane bharat men rajyon ke vilay ki samasya bani huee thi. adhikansh rajy aur rajavade bharat ke sath milana chahate the. lekin us samay yahan ke 565 rajavadon men se tin ko chhodakar sabhi ne bharat men vilay ka faisala kiya. ye tin rajavade the- kashmir, joonagadh aur haidarabad. haidarabad ki abadi ka assi fisadi hindoo the, jabaki alpasnkhyak hote hue bhi musalaman prashasan aur sena men mahatvapoorn padon par bane hue the. in sabhi rajyon ko bharat men milae bina desh ka ekikaran snbhav nahin tha. isake lie saradar patel aur menan ne apani soojh-boojh ka bejod parichay dete hue antat: inhen bharat men shamil kar hi liya.

vi. pi. menan ne rajyon ko bharat men milane ke lie rajanitik paripakvata ka behatarin namoona pesh kiya. yahan tak ki unhen ek bar jan se marane ki dhamaki bhi di gee thi. phir bhi unhonne bharat sarakar ke sndeshon ko rajavadon tak pahunchane aur unhen bharat men milane ka silasila jari rakha. jab is samooche prakaran men muslim lig ki rananiti is par kendrit thi ki adhik se adhik rajavade bharat men milane se inkar kar den, tab saradar patel aur vi.pi. menan ne ek tal men kam karate hue pakistan ke sabhi shadayntron ko viphal kiya. sach bat to yah hai ki agar saradar ballabh bhaee ko desh ko ek karane ke lie jana jata hai, to isamen koee do ray nahin hai ki vi. pi. menan ki bhoomika isamen kahin se kam n thi. agar vi. pi. menan ka sath saradar patel ko nahin milata, to shayad saradar patel desh ko ek karane men shayad saphal nahin ho pate. isalie desh ke rajanitik ekikaran men agar menan ki bhoomika ki bat ki jae to yah avismaraniy hai.[2]

prerak prasng

san 1947 men vi. pi. menan jo ek hindoo the, jab dilli pahunche to unhonne paya ki jo bhi paisa vah sath laye the, sab chori ho chuka hai. unhonne ek vriddh sikkh se 15 rupayon ki madad mangi. us sikkh ne menan ko paise die aur jab menan ne paise lautane ke lie us sikkh se usaka pata poochha to usane kaha- "nahin main tumase paise vapas nahin loonga, is prakar jab tak tum jivit rahoge, tab tak tum har us eemanadar vyakti ki madad karate rahoge jo tumase madad mangega." is ghatana ke karib 30 sal bad aur menan ki mrityu ke bas chh: saptah pahale ek bhikhari menan ke bngalor sthit avas par aya. menan ne apani beti se apana batua mngaya aur 15 rupaye nikal kar us bhikhari ko die. vah abhi bhi us karj ko chuka rahe the.

uttar kal

saradar patel aur vi. pi. menan ke bich ka rishta amooly tha. menan, patel ke baen hath jaise the aur svatntr bharat ki ekata men mahattvapoorn yogadan nibha chuke the. har rajanitigy, angrej sarakar ke niche kam karane vale prashasanik karmachariyon se asahanubhootipoorn the. kuchh kangresi prashasanik aphasaron ko seva se vnchit karana chahate the, kyonki unaki giraphtari men inhin aphasaron ka hath tha. pndit neharoo tak ko prashasan ke in karmachariyon se jyada pyar nahin tha. lekin vi. pi. menan ko san 1951 odisha ke rajyapal ka sthan diya gaya. kuchh samay ve vitt ayog ke sadasy bhi rahe. saradar patel ke dehant ke bad vi. pi. menan ne navanirmit bharatiy prashasan seva se istipha de liya.

mrityu

sevanirvritti ke bad vi. pi. menan bengळooroo men rahane lage the. 31 disambar, 1965 men unaka nidhan ho gaya. bade hi ashchary ki bat hai ki kisi ne bhi aj tak vi. pi. menan ki atmakatha nahin likhi hai.

riyasaton ke ekikaran men saradar patel ki sahayata karane vale vi. pi. menan ne apani pustak ‘d stori aauph di intigreshan aauph indiyan stets’ men likha hai ki "bharat ek bhaugolik ikaee hai, phir bhi apane poore itihas men vah rajanitik drishti se kabhi ekaroopata hasil nahin kar saka..... aj desh ke itihas men pahali dapha ekal kendr sarakar ki rit kailash se kanyakumari aur kathiyavad se kamaroop (asam ka purana nam) tak poore desh ko snchalit karati hai. is bharat ke nirman men saradar patel ne rachanatmak bhoomika ada ki."

saradar patel janate the ki ‘yadi ap ek behatarin akhil bharatiy seva nahin rakhenge to ap bharat ko ekajut nahin kar paenge.‘ isalie rajyon ke punargathan ka kam prarnbh karane se pahale unhonne ‘stil phrem’ ya bharatiy sivil seva men vishvas vyakt kiya. saradar patel ne shahi rajavadon ke sath sahamati ke jarie ekikaran ke lie athak roop se kary kiya. parntu unhonne sam, dam, dnd aur bhed ki niti apanane men bhi koee snkoch nahin kiya. saradar patel aur unake sahayogi vi. pi. menan ne ‘yathasthiti samajhauton aur vilay ke vilekhon’ ke praroop taiyar kie, jinamen vibhinn shasakon se anurodhon aur mangon ko shamil kiya gaya tha.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. us samay ka bharatiy prashasanik seva ka uchchatam pad
  2. itihas ke pannon men gumanam yah shakhs agar nahin hota, to akele saradar patel bhi desh ko ek nahin kar pate (hindi) hindi.scoopwhoop.com. abhigaman tithi: 30 agast, 2018.
  3. saradar patel- jinhonne bharat ko ekata ke sootr men piroya (hindi) pib.nic.in. abhigaman tithi: 30 agast, 2018.

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