इतिहास सामान्य ज्ञान 524  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- itihas prangan, itihas kosh, aitihasik sthan kosh

panne par jaen

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1. jain dharm shvetambar evn digambar sampradayon men kab vibhajit hua?

chndragupt maury ke samay men
ashok ke samay men
kanishk ke samay men
inamen se koee nahin
chndragupt maury
'chndragupt maury' ki ganana bharat ke mahanatam shasakon men ki jati hai. usaki mahanata ki soochak anek upadhiyan hain aur usaki mahanata kee baton men advitiy bhi hai. vah bharat ke pratham ‘aitihasik’ samrat ke roop men hamare samane ata hai, is arth men ki vah bharatiy itihas ka pahala samrat hai jisaki aitihasikata pramanit kalakram ke thos adhar par siddh ki ja sakati hai. vrittanton ke anusar chndragupt ka janm moriy namak kshatriy jati men hua tha, jinaka shakyon ke sath sambandh tha. apani janmabhoomi chhodakar chali ane vali moriy jati ka mukhiya chndragupt ka pita tha.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-chndragupt maury

2. bauddh dharm tatha jain dharm donon hi vishvas karate hain ki-

karm tatha punarjanm ke siddhant sahi hain.
mrityu ke pashchath hi moksh snbhav hai.
stri tatha purush donon hi moksh prapt kar sakate hain.
jivan men madhyam marg hai
jain dharm ka pratik
'jain dharm' bharat ki shraman parampara se nikala dharm aur darshan hai. 'jain' unhen kahate hain, jo 'jin' ke anuyayi hon. yadi aryon ke agaman ke bad se bhi dekha jaye to rishabhadev aur arishtanemi ko lekar jain dharm ki parnpara vedon tak pahunchati hai. jain dharm ke 24 tirthnkaron ne apane-apane samay men dharm marg se chyut ho rahe janasamuday ko snbodhit kiya aur use dharm marg men lagaya. isi se inhen 'dharm marg-moksh marg ka neta' aur 'tirth pravarttak' arthath 'tirthnkar' kaha gaya hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-jain dharm, bauddh dharm

3. prachin bharat ke bauddh mathon men 'pavaran' namak samaroh ayojit kiya jata tha, jo-

sngh parinayak aur dharm v vinay vishayon par ek-ek vakta ko chunane ka avasar hota tha.
varsha ritu ke dauran mathon men pravas ke samay bhikshuon dvara kie ge aparadhon ki svikarokti ka avasar hota tha.
kisi naye vyakti ko bauddh sngh men pravesh dene ka samaroh tha, jisamen usaka sir mundava diya jata tha aur pile vastr diye jate the.
ashadh ki poornima ke agale din bauddh bhikshuon ke ekatr hone ka avasar hota tha, jab ve varsha ritu ke agami char mahinon ke lie nishchit avas chunate the.
bauddh dharm ka pratik
'bauddh dharm' bharat ki shraman parampara se nikala dharm aur darshan hai. isake snsthapak bhagavan buddh, shakyamuni (gautam buddh) the. buddh raja shuddhodan ke putr the aur inaka janm lunbini namak gram (nepal) men hua tha. ve chhathavin se panchavin shatabdi eesa poorv tak jivit the. unake guzarane ke bad agali panch shatabdiyon men, bauddh dharm poore bharatiy upamahadvip men faila, aur agale do hazar salon men madhy, poorvi aur dakshin-poorvi jamboo mahadvip men bhi fail gaya. aj bauddh dharm men tin mukhy sampraday hain: theravad, mahayan aur vajrayan.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-bauddh dharm

4. 'chaity' v 'vihar' men kya antar hota hai?

'vihar' pooja sthal hota hai jabaki 'chaity' bauddh bhikshuon ka nivas sthan hai.
'chaity' pooja sthal hota hai jabaki 'vihar' nivas sthan hai.
'vihar' evn 'chaity' donon hi nivas sthan ke roop men prayog ho sakate hain.
inamen se koee nahin
chaity grih, bhaja
'chaity grih' ko pray: 'guha mandir' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. bauddh dharm men buddh ki moorti ke nirman ka vidhan n hone se buddh ke pratik ke roop men stoop pooje jate the. poojarthak stoop ko sambhavatah chaity kaha jata tha. vihar bauddh dharm men dharmik upadesh adi diye jane vale sthan ko kaha jata hai. viharon men buddh ki pratima hoti hai. inamen bauddh bhikshu nivas karate hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-chaity grih, vihar

5. khajuraho ke mandir ka sambandh kis dharm se hai?

bauddh dharm
jain dharm
hindoo dharm
hindoo dharm tatha jain dharm
khajuraho mandir, madhy pradesh
'khajuraho' prasiddh paryatan aur puratatvik sthal hai, jisamen hindoo v jain ki moortikala se susajjit 25 mandir aur tin sngrahalay hain. 25 mandiron men se 10 mndir vishnu ko samarpit hain, jisamen unaka ek sashakt mishrit svaroop vaikunth shamil hai. nau mandir shiv ke, ek soory devata ka, ek rahasyamay yoginiyon (deviyon) ka aur panch mandir digambar jain sampraday ke tirthakaron ke hain. khajuraho ke mandir men tin bade shilalekh bhi hain.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-khajuraho

apake kul ank hai 0 / 0

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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