इतिहास सामान्य ज्ञान 214  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samany gyan prashnottari
rajyon ke samany gyan


is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- itihas prangan, itihas kosh, aitihasik sthan kosh

panne par jaen

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1. nimnalikhit men se kis fasal ka gyan vaidik kal ke logon ko nahin tha?

jau
gehoon
chaval
tambakoo
tambakoo ka paudha
'tambakoo' ki utpatti kab aur kahan huee, isaka thik pata nahin chalata. kahate hain ki ek bar purtagal sthit phransisi rajadoot 'jaaun nikot' ne apani rani ke pas tambakoo ka bij bheja aur tabhi se is paudhe ka pravesh prachin snsar men hua. nikot ke nam ko amar rakhane ke liye tambakoo ka vanaspatik nam 'nikoshiyana' rakha gaya. tambakoo dakshini amerika ka paudha mana jata hai. isaki kheti aitihasik kal se hoti chali a rahi hai. yadyapi tambakoo ayanavrittiy paudha hai, tathapi isaki saphal kheti any sthanon men bhi hoti hai, kyonki yah apane ko vibhinn prakar ki bhoomi tatha jalavayu ke anukool bana leta hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke dekhen:-tambakoo

2. nimnalikhit men se vaidik ganit ka mahattvapoorn ang kaun hai?

shatapath brahman
atharvaved
shulv sootr
chhandogy upanishad

3. kis ved men prachin vaidik yug ki snskriti ke bare men soochana di gee hain?

rigved
yajurved
atharvaved
samaved
'rigved' sabase prachinatam grnth mana jata hai. 'rik' ka arth hota hai- 'chhandobaddh rachana' ya 'shlok'. rigved ke sookt vividh devataon ki stuti karane vale bhav bhare git hain. inamen bhaktibhav ki pradhanata hai. yadyapi rigved men any prakar ke sookt bhi hain, parantu devataon ki stuti karane vale sroton ki pradhanata hai. rigved men kul das mandal hain aur unamen 1,029 sookt hain aur kul 10,580 richaen hain. ye stuti mantr hain.dhyan denadhik janakari ke dekhen:-rigved

4. vedon ki snkhya kitani hai?

do
tin
char
ath
ved
'ved' hindoo dharm ke prachin pavitr grnthon ka nam hai, isase vaidik snskriti prachalit huee. aisi manyata hai ki inake mantron ko parameshvar ne prachin rishiyon ko apratyaksh roop se sunaya tha. isalie vedon ko 'shruti' bhi kaha jata hai. char vedon men samaved ka nam tisare kram men ata hai. lekin rigved ke ek mantr men rigved se bhi pahale samaved ka nam ane se kuchh vidvanh vedon ko ek ke bad ek rachana n manakar pratyek ko svatntr rachana manate hain. samaved men gey chhndon ki adhikata hai, jinaka gan ygyon ke samay hota tha. yajurved men ygy ki asal prakriya ke liye gady mantr hain. yah ved mukhyatah kshatriyon ke liye hota tha.dhyan denadhik janakari ke dekhen:-ved

5. bharat ke rajachihn men prayukt hone vala shabd 'satyamev jayate' kis upanishad se liya gaya hai?

mundakopanishad
kathopanishad
eesh upanishad
brihadaranyakopanishad
'mundakopanishad' atharvaved ki shaunakiy shakha se sambandhit hai. isamen akshar brahm Om ka vishad vivechan kiya gaya hai. ise 'mantropanishad' nam se bhi pukara jata hai. isamen tin mundak hain aur pratyek mundak ke do-do khand hain tatha kul chaunsath mantr hain. 'mundak' ka arth hai- 'mastishk ko atyadhik shakti pradan karane vala aur use avidya-roopi andhakar se mukt karane vala'. is upanishad men maharshi angira ne shaunak ko 'para-apara' vidya ka gyan karaya hai. bharat ke rashtriy chihn men ankit shabd 'satyamev jayate' mundakopanishad se hi liye ge hain.dhyan denadhik janakari ke dekhen:-mundakopanishad

apake kul ank hai 0 / 0

panne par jaen

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samany gyan prashnottari
rajyon ke samany gyan


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah